Painting and poetry have long been revered as sister arts in the East Asian cultural tradition. Painters have sought inspiration in poetry, while poets have inscribed their work on paintings. From right, two classic Ming-dynasty poems written by Lin Panlong (1514–1570) and Wang Shizhen (1526–1590), and three Tang-dynasty poems written by Men Horan (ca. 691–740), Pi Rixiu (834–883), and Gao Shi (ca. 704–765), selected and inscribed by the otherwise unknown calligrapher Hanazono Shūrō, served as the inspiration for these paintings. The last panel, pasted next to the painting of peonies, is dated “Second Month, 1785.”Signed by Rosetsu in his early calligraphic style, this pair is the only extant work of a monumental scale dating from the artist’s early career.