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Roundel with Repeated Inscription

Object Name:
Roundel
Date:
first half 17th century
Geography:
India, Deccan, probably Hyderabad
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Wood, gesso, painted and metal-leafed with gold and silver
Dimensions:
Diam. 19 7/8 in. (50.5 cm)
Classification:
Wood
Credit Line:
Purchase, Richard S. Perkins and Alastair B. Martin Gifts and Rogers Fund, 1991
Accession Number:
1991.233
  • Description

    This roundel is inscribed with two of the ninety-nine names of God, al-haqq (the truth), and al-qayyum (the everlasting). The remains of red, blue, yellow, and green paint on this example indicate an originally vibrant palette of decoration. Calligraphic roundels are found on the spandrels of the arched portals, niches, and interior walls of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Deccani buildings, such as at the early seventeenth century Badshahi 'Ashurkhana in Hyderabad.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Inscription in Arabic in naskhi script repeated eight times, of which four appear
    in mirror image:
    يا حي يا قيوم
    O, the Ever-Living, the Self-Subsisting

  • Provenance

    [ John Lawrence Fine Arts Inc., London, until 1991; sold to MMA]

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
453328

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