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Folio from a Qur'an Manuscript

Object Name:
Folio from a non-illustrated manuscript
Date:
probably early 15th century
Geography:
India
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper
Dimensions:
8 3/4 x 9 5/16 in. (22.2 x 23.7 cm)
Classification:
Codices
Credit Line:
Louis E. and Theresa S. Seley Purchase Fund for Islamic Art, 1992
Accession Number:
1992.145.1
  • Description

    Sura 8 (al-'Anfal): end of 74 through 75; Sura 9(al-Tawba): 1 to the beginning of 2
    A unique cursive script was used for Indian Qur'ans between the late fourteenth and mid-sixteenth centuries. Called bihari (from the region of Bihar), although it is not known exactly where it developed, the script’s main traits are its wide, extended horizontal lines and its thin, delicate verticals. Qur'ans of this style also often use several different colors for the text (here, alternating lines of gold, black, and blue), and include zigzagging Persian commentary in the margins.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: top 8 lines:
    8 (Surat al-'Anfal): end of 74 through 75
    Chapter heading: Surat al-tawba, 130 [sic] verses
    bottom 3 lines:
    9 (Surat al-Tawba):1 to the beginning of 2
    [M. Sardar 12/2011]

  • Provenance

    [ Terence McInerney, until 1992; sold to MMA]

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
453337

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