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The Art of Making Chintz

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Tiraz Textile Fragment

Object Name:
Fragment
Date:
dated A.H. 320/ A.D. 932–33
Geography:
Iraq
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Linen; plain weave, embroidered in silk
Dimensions:
Textile a: H. 7 in. (17.8 cm) W. 11 3/8 in. (28.9 cm) Textile b: H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm) D. 3 1/4 in. (8.3 cm) Mount: H. 11 1/4 in. (28.6 cm) W. 17 3/4 in. (45.1 cm) D. 1 1/8 in. (2.9 cm)
Classification:
Textiles-Embroidered
Credit Line:
Gift of George D. Pratt, 1931
Accession Number:
31.106.55b
  • Description

    Inscribed textiles are called tiraz, from the Persian word for "embroidery." Many were produced in royal workshops and presented by rulers to honor courtiers and officials at formal ceremonies. They bear inscriptions naming and blessing the current ruler or caliph – a reminder to the recipient that they owed their allegiance to that ruler. This textile’s embroidered inscription reads, "…Allah. Ja’far, the Imam (al-Maktadir billah, Commander of the faithful) May Allah prolong his days… Of what was made in the factory in the year three hundred and twenty (A.D. 932–33)" A smaller embroidered inscription reads, " 'Abdallah".

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: This Arabic inscription reads "...Allah. Ja'far, the Imam (al-Maktadir billah, Commander of the Faithful) May Allah prolong his days...Of what was made in the factory in the year three hundred and twenty. 'Abdullah."

    The Hijra date of 320 is equivalent to A.D. 932–33.

    Marking: See link panel.

  • Provenance

    George D. Pratt, New York (until 1931; gifted to MMA)

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
455295

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