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Pair of Flower Style Doors

Object Name:
Pair of doors
Date:
second half 17th century
Geography:
Northern India
Culture:
Islamic
Medium:
Wood; carved with residues of paint
Dimensions:
H. 73 in. (185.4 cm) W. 30 in. (76.2 cm) includes both doors D. 3 in. (7.6 cm) Wt. 63 lbs. (28.6 kg)
Classification:
Wood
Credit Line:
Gift of Harvey and Elizabeth Plotnick, 2009
Accession Number:
2009.376a, b
  • Description

    The flower style associated with the height of Mughal aesthetics and refinement finds expression in this pair of carved wood doors. The depiction of complete flowering plants, carved in low relief and placed in a symmetrical arrangement, is the hallmark of this style, which had its genesis in the reign of the Mughal emperor Jahangir (1605–27). In accordance with their patrons' interests, artists of this period studied European herbals, borrowing the techniques of combining front and side views and infusing the petals and leaves of the plants with a sense of movement. During the reign of Jahangir's son Shah Jahan (1627–58), and especially from the 1630s on, the plant studies were transformed into decorative motifs, arranged in rows to cover textiles, objects, and architectural spaces. As they were incorporated into stylized, symmetrically balanced compositions like those on the carved dadoes and inlaid panels at the Taj Mahal, the plants lost their botanical specificity.
    The use of wood was limited in Mughal architecture, and little of it remains. These doors are thus rare survivals of a tradition known through only a few other examples, including a pair of similar doors in the David Collection, Copenhagen.

  • Provenance

    William K. Ehrenfeld, San Francisco (until about 2002, to McInerney); [ Terence McInerney, about 2002–4; sold to Plotnick]; Harvey and Elizabeth Plotnick, Chicago (2004–9; gifted to MMA)

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
457020:2

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