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The Baptism of Christ

Date:
ca. 1390
Geography:
Made in Lower Austria
Culture:
Austrian
Medium:
Pot-metal and colorless glass, vitreous paint and silver stain
Dimensions:
Overall: 27 15/16 x 12 1/4 in. (71 x 31.1 cm)
Classification:
Glass-Stained
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1986
Accession Number:
1986.285.4
  • Description

    Seven scenes from the private chapel of the Ebreichsdorf castle are installed in the Gothic Chapel at The Cloisters. Representing episodes from the life of Christ—the Annunciation, Adoration of the Magi, Presentation in the Temple, Baptism, Agony in the Garden, Trial before Pilate, and Harrowing of Hell—they constitute almost all of the surviving stained glass program. The scenes are organized into vertical groups of four rectangular panels, arranged two over two; the lower panels in each group are narrative, while the upper panels represent architectural canopies. Most of the narrative panels contain a single scene, as is the case with the Annunciation, which was originally paired with a Visitation (now in Vienna). Others, however, combine to form a unified episode, such as the Adoration of the Magi.

    The glazing program of the chapel has been attributed to a "ducal workshop" favored by the local nobility and best known for its use of rich colors, fanciful architectural forms, and elegant figural styles. In the Baptism panel, the figures of Christ, John the Baptist, and the dove, representing the Holy Spirit, are positioned to create an upward thrust that lends movement and drama to the overall effect.

  • Provenance

    From the Public Life of Christ window, choir of the castle chapel (the Schlobkapelle) at Ebreichsdorf, south of Vienna.; Lolowrat-Liebsteinsky , Ebreichsdorf (1983-73) ; Count Joseph Arco-Zinneberg , Ebreichsdorf (1873-1922) ; [ Duveen Brothers , London, Paris and New York] ; Mrs. Alexander Hamilton Rice , New York (1923-1957) ; Smithsonian American Art Museum , Washington, DC (1957-1986)

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
472157

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