Quantcast
Videos ()
Medieval Treasures from Hildesheim

Close

Chalice

Date:
ca. 1230–50
Culture:
German
Medium:
Silver, partly gilt; niello, jewels
Dimensions:
Overall: 8 x 6 7/8 in. (20.3 x 17.5 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Silver
Credit Line:
The Cloisters Collection, 1947
Accession Number:
47.101.26
  • Description

    This ensemble contains (acc. nos. 47.101.26–.28) all the elements needed for the celebration of the Mass: the paten for the bread, the chalice to hold the wine, and a straw to sip it. Straws were used to prevent spilling the wine, which was believed to be the actual blood of Christ. Most often used in pairs, straws became particularly popular in the thirteenth century. The decoration of this chalice and paten juxtaposes scenes from the life of Christ with Old Testament events interpreted to prefigure them. The apostles encircle the bowl of the chalice, while the representation of St. Trudpert on the paten provides the key to the original ownership of this liturgical set.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: (on foot, in niello on silver band, around medallions)
    1.(Moses and Burning Bush) NON ARDENS RVB[US] ANGELICI RESERACIO [REVELACIO?] VERBI

    2.(Aaron's rod) F[LO]RIDA VIRGA NVCEM FERT VIRGO CVNCTA FERENTEM

    3.(Noah's ark) ARCHA NOE P[RO] DILVVIO PAPTISMA FIGVRA

    4.(Brazen Serpent) SERPENS IN LIGNO XRM [CHRISTUM] NOTAT I[N] CRVCEM PASSVM

    (around rim of base, in incised letters) QVI MANDVCAT CARNEM MEAM ET BIBIT SANGVINEM MEVM IN ME MANET [ET] EGO IN EO DICIT DOMINVS

  • Provenance

    From the Benedictine monastery of Saint Trudpert at Münstertal, near Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany.; Alexander Petrovich Basilevsky , Paris (by 1878–1885) ; State Hermitage Museum (from 1885) ; [ Rosenberg & Stiebel , New York (1930s–sold half interest 1941 and 1942)] ; [ Brummer Gallery , Paris and New York (1941–sold 1947) ]

  • See also
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
474435

Close