The title of this work comes from Death Fugue by the Romanian Jewish poet and World War II survivor Paul Celan (1920-1970). Widely read and anthologized in postwar Germany, Death Fugue is set in a concentration camp. Its narrative voice, in the first-person plural, is that of the Jewish inmates, who suffer under the camp's blue-eyed commandant. Singing "your golden hair, Margarete / your ashen hair, Shulamith," the narrators contrast German womanhood, as personified by Margarete, to whom the commandant addresses letters at night, and Jewish womanhood (Shulamith was King Solomon's dark-haired beloved in the Song of Songs). Here, as in most of Kiefer's more than thirty Margarete works, the German heroine is represented by only a symbol of her "golden hair"-sheaves of wheat in the countryside.