In the late 1660s, Wang Hui expanded his artistic studies beyond Yuan dynasty models to encompass the monumental landscape idioms of the tenth and eleventh centuries. Here Wang envisions the rugged Taihang Mountains of north China by combining the craggy rock contours of Guan Tong (early 10th century) with the stippled "rain-drop" texture pattern of Fan Kuan (act. ca. 990–1030). In his inscription he wrote:In Guangling [modern Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province], at the home of a noble person, I once saw a small scroll by Guan Tong. With its cloudy speaks racing together in an oppressive and dense atmosphere, it pierced my heart and shook up my eyes. Today . . . I follow its method and paint this Colors of Taihang. I hope it exhibits some of the deep and heroic atmosphere of the north country, rather than merely posturing with pretty details.The "noble person" mentioned in the inscription refers to Wang's enthusiastic patron Li Zongkong (jinshi degree, 1647).