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Lamp

Jacques Le Chevallier (French, 1896–1987)

Date:
ca. 1928
Medium:
Aluminum, ebonite
Dimensions:
H. 11, Diam. 9 in. (27.9 x 22.9 cm)
Classification:
Lighting
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift, 2001
Accession Number:
2001.410ab
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2001 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York / ADAGP, Paris
  • Description

    Le Chevallier was a founding member of the Union des Artistes Modernes
    (UAM), an organization that promoted the forward-looking, reform-minded
    ideals of modernist design in France. Also members were the architects and
    designers Pierre Chareau, René Herbst, Eileen Gray, Gabriel Guévrékian, Robert
    Mallet-Stevens, and Charlotte Perriand.
    Most prolific as an artist in stained glass, Le Chevallier is perhaps best
    known for the small number of modernist table lamps that he designed in the
    late 1920s. This model, the most extreme of the group, consists of an abstract
    sculptural housing for the bulb resting atop a circular base on cylindrical legs.
    Starkly spare and completely unornamented, the lamp conveys the overall effect
    of a functional machine. Nonetheless, a certain decorative quality is achieved
    through the Cubist-inspired angular planes, exposed screws and braces, and
    softly reflective finish. No effort has been made to conceal the bulb or the
    socket, though the light can be shaded or redirected by revolving the lamp in a
    variety of different positions. Less reflective than silver or chrome-plated steel,
    aluminum was more affordable, increasing its appeal for designers.

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Marking: Stamped [underside of plane with socket]: DEPOSE / [in a rectangle] Type 4 / JLC / No / R / K / [outside rectangle] MADE IN / FRANCE

  • References

    Nichols, Sarah. Aluminum by Design. Pittsburgh: Carnegie Museum of Art and Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, pp. 212, 213, cat. no. 3.10.

  • See also
    Who
    What
    Where
    When
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
    MetPublications
492176:4

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