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Tree

Henri Matisse (French, Le Cateau-Cambrésis 1869–1954 Nice)

Date:
December 1951
Medium:
Ink, gouache, and charcoal on paper mounted to canvas
Dimensions:
70 x 60 in. (177.8 x 152.4 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection, 2002
Accession Number:
2002.456.48
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2011 Succession H. Matisse / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: L.R.: H MATISSE / Dec 51

  • Provenance

    The artist (1951 - his d. 1954); Estate of Henri Matisse (1954); Pierre Matisse, New York (from the estate of Henri Matisse, likely c. 1958 - until his d. 1989); his widow, Maria-Gaetana Matisse, née von Spreti, New York (1989 - her d. 2001); Pierre and Maria Gaetana Matisse Foundation (2002; gift to MMA).

  • Exhibition History

    "Dessins récents de Henri Matisse," Galerie Maeght, Paris, 1952, no cat.;

    Likley included in: "Henri Matisse, 1950-1954: Les Grandes gouaches découpées," Kunsthalle, Bern, July 25-September 20, 1959, exh. cat. with introduction by Franz Meyer (in German), no. 31 or 32;

    Likley included in: "Henri Matisse: Les grandes gouaches découpées / de grote uitgeknipte gouaches," Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, April 29-June 20, 1960, exh. cat. (no. 237) with preface by Franz Meyer, no. 35 or 36;

    "Henri Matisse, Exposition du Centenaire," Grand Palais, Paris, April 21-September 21, 1970, exh. cat. by Pierre Schneider, no. 211B, ill. p. 257 (reproduced on invitation as well);

    "Matisse: En retrospektiv udstilling," Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, October 10-November 29, 1970, exh. cat. by Hanne Finsen, no. 97, ill. n.p.;

    "Matisse as a Draughtsman," Baltimore Museum of Art, January 12-February 21, 1971, California Palace of the Legion of Honor, San Francisco, March 20-May 9, 1971, Art Institute of Chicago, May 26-July 10, 1971, exh. cat. with introduction and commentary by Victor I. Carlson, no. 77, pp. 174-175, ill.;

    "130 dessins de Matisse," Musée Cantini, Marseille, June 14-September 15 (prolonged until 29), 1974, exh. cat. by Marielle Latour, with statements by Matisse, no. 108, ill., n.p.;

    "Henri Matisse: Dessins et Sculpture," Musée national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, May 29-September 7, 1975, exh. cat. with introduction by Dominique Bozo, essay by Dominique Fourcade, catalogue by Dominique Fourcade and Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, no. 156, pp. 178-181, ill. ;

    "Henri Matisse: dessins et sculpture / tekeningen en sculpturen" (venue of Paris 1975), Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels, September 27-October 26, 1975, exh. cat. with introduction by Dominique Bozo (in French and Flemish), no. 149, ill.;

    "Henri Matisse, " Académie de France à Rome, Villa Medici, Rome, November 23, 1978-January 28, 1979, exh. cat. by Isabelle Monod-Fontaine with essays by Jean Leymarie, Giulio Carlo Argan, and Henri Matisse (in French and Italian), no. 33, ill. pl. 33, pp. 165-166;

    "The Drawings of Henri Matisse," Hayward Gallery, London, October 4, 1984-January 6, 1985, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, February 27-May 14, 1985, exh. cat. edited by John Elderfield, introduction by John Golding, catalogue by Magdalena Dabrowski, no. 151, pp. 242 (ill.), 281;

    "Matisse et l'Italie," Museo Correr, Venice, May 28-October 18, 1987, exh. cat. edited by Pierre Schneider, with essays by Pierre Schneider, Attilio Codognato, Xavier Girard, Christian Arthaud, and Giandomenico Romanelli, entries by Tamara Préaud, no. D 123, pp. 161 (ill.), 225;

    "Henri Matisse," Musée d'Art Moderne, Fondation Basil et Elise Goulandris, Andros, July 3-September 30, 1988, exh. cat. by Kyriakos Koutsomalles (in Greek and French), ill. p. 40;

    "L'œuvre ultime: de Cézanne à Dubuffet," Fondation Maeght, Saint Paul de Vence, July 4-October 4, 1989, exh. cat. with preface by Jean-Louis Prat, no. 51, pp. 124-125, ill.;

    "Matisse eTériade," Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Museo Mediceo, Florence, September 20-December 8, 1996, Musée Matisse, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, December 14, 1996-March 2, 1997, exh. cat. with essays by Jack Flam, Jean Leymarie, Dominique Szymusiak, and Xavier Girard, no. 120, ill. pp. 73, 213; and French edition, "Matisse et Tériade," transl. by Tania Gargiulo & Paola Tomaselli (Arceuil 1996), ibid.;

    "Le Maroc de Matisse," Institut du monde arabe, Paris, October 19, 1999-January 30, 2000, exh. cat. with introduction by Brahim Alaoui, essays by Claude Duthuit, Rémi Labrusse, Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, Pierre Schneider, Albert Kostenevich, Claudine Grammont, and Christine Peltre, catalogue entries by Rémi Labrusse, Evguenia Guéorgievskaïa, Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, and Pierre Schneider, no. 91, pp. 198-199, ill.;

    "The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, exh. in three parts, September 28, 2004-January 30, 2005, no cat.;

    "Pierre Matisse passeur passionné: Un marchand d'art et ses artistes," The Mona Bismarck Foundation, Paris, Oct. 20, 2005-January 14, 2006, exh. cat. edited by Pierre Schneider, essays by Pierre Schneider, Paul Matisse, Sabine Rewald, Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, and Jacques Dupin, ill. p. 155.

  • References

    Henri Matisse, Dessins, thèmes et variations; précédés de "Matisse-en-France" par Aragon (Paris 1943), pp. 25-26 [statement by HM on his drawings of trees; not specific to our work];

    Pierre Reverdy and Georges Duthuit, "Dernières oeuvres de Matisse 1950-1954, " Verve, vol. IX, no. 35-36 (1958), ill. p. 118; and English edition:

    Pierre Reverdy and Georges Duthuit, Verve: The Last Works of Henri Matisse 1950-1954, transl. from the French by J.G. Weightman (New York 1958), ill. p. 118;

    Georges Duthuit, Le feu des signes (Geneva 1962), pp. 215 (ill.), 225;

    Michel Conol Lacoste, "A Henri Matisse: Les éblouissements raisonnés du peintre" (review of Grand Palais Paris 1970), Le Monde (April 23, 1970), p. 17;

    Pierre Volboudt, "La ligne à la recherche de la forme, " in: Hommage à Henri Matisse, Numéro spécial de XXe Siècle (Paris 1970), ill. p. 111; and English transl., XXe siècle: Homage to Henri Matisse (New York 1970), ill. p. 111;

    Louis Aragon, Henri Matisse, roman, 2 vols. (Paris 1971), vol. 1, pp.109-110, and vol. 2, ill. p. 235;

    André Fermigier, "Une Exposition à la Villa Medicis: Matisse à Rome" (review of Rome 1978-79), Le Monde (January 4, 1979), p. 11;

    Kazuo Anazawa, Matisse, National Museum of Modern Art, exh. cat. (National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo and Kyoto, 1981), ill. p. 14;

    Pierre Schneider, Matisse, transl. by Michael Taylor and Bridget Strevens Romer (Paris & New York 1984 and 1992), ill. p. 600; also revised edition (Paris & London 2002), ibid.;

    John Daxland, "Magnificent Matisse Drawings" (review of MoMA 1985), Daily News (May 12, 1985), p. M22;

    Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, Anne Baldessari and Claude Laugier, Oeuvres de Henri Matisse, exh. cat. (Musée national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1989), pp. 306-311 (about trees ingeneral), ill. p. 311;

    Jack Cowart, "Matisse's Moroccan Sketchbooks and drawings: Self-Discovery through Various Motifs," in: Matisse in Morocco, Paintings and Drawings 1912-1913, exh. cat. (National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., 1990), pp. 148 (ill. fig. 88), 149;

    Isabelle Monod-Fontaine, Claude Laugier, and Pierre Schneider, Dation Pierre Matisse, exh. cat., Musée national d'art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, 1992, ills. pp. 64, 66;

    Casimiro Di Crescenzo, Matisse and Tériade: Collaborative Works by the Artist and Art Publisher, from Verve (1937-1960) and Lettres portugaises, 1946, exh. cat. (Yoshi Gallery, New York, 1997), ill. p. 139;

    Jack Cowart, Pierre Schneider, John Elderfield, Albert Kostenevich, and Laura Coyle, with introduction by pierre Schneider, Matisse au Maroc: peintures et dessins, 1912-1913, transl. by Anne Michel and Gilles Courtois (Paris 1999), ill. p. 134, fig. 88;

    Dominique Szymusiak, Matisse et l'Arbre, exh. cat. (Le Cateau-Cambresis, 2003-4), p. 146, and related works pp. 176-185;

    Anne Coron and Dominique Szymusiak, La donation Alice Tériade. La collection d'un éditeur d'art : Matisse, Picasso, Chagall, Rouault, Giacometti, Miro, Laurens, Léger…, Musée départemental, Le Cateau-Cambrésis, 2008, pp. 24 (ill.), 25-28.

    Magdalena Dabrowski in The American Matisse: The Dealer, His Artists, His Collection. The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection (New York, 2009), pp. 112-14, 163, ill.

  • See also
492793

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