Mummy of Artemidora

Roman Period
A.D. 90–100
From Egypt, Middle Egypt, Meir (Mir)
Plaster, paint, gold leaf, linen, human remains
L. 196 cm (77 3/16 in); W. 53 cm (20 7/8 in)
Credit Line:
Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1911
Accession Number:
11.155.5a, b
  • Description

    The mask portrays a young woman lying flat as if upon her bier. Her hair is arranged in tiers of snail curls over her forehead. Alongside her face flows a black Egyptian-style wig, the long locks bound with narrow rings of gold in pharaonic fashion. She wears a dark red tunic with black clavi (stripes) edged in gold. The jewelry includes snake bracelets and gold ball earrings. At the back of the head is support decorated with imagery signifying rebirth, including a dark blue glass scarab beetle. Attached to the wrappings of the mummy are gold appliqué figures of Osiris, Isis and Nephthys.
    On the bottom of the foot is an image of Anubis bearing the disk of the moon. Set in a tabula ansata above this is a conventional Greek funerary inscription, "Artemidora, daughter of Harpokras, died untimely, aged 27. Farewell." C.A.T. scans of the mummy likewise suggest an age of 25 to 30.

  • Provenance

    Purchased by J. P. Morgan and presented to the Metropolitan Museum, 1911.

  • See also
    In the Museum
    Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History