Handscroll of Frolicking Animals is one of the earliest examples of an anthropomorphic tale, whose protagonists are animals and fantastic creatures. Attributed to the celebrated monk Toba Sōjō and designated an official National Treasure in Japan, the story comprises four handscrolls (owned by Kōzanji Temple, Kyoto) as well as various fragments now scattered among several collections. The fragment on view was once part of the first scroll in the set. The scenes that immediately preceded and followed it were also excerpted and remounted. Judging from a copy of the entire scroll, the monkey and the rabbit appear to be riders in a deer race. One monkey has fallen off his mount, and spectators are helping him recover his hat so that he can remount his deer. The fallen monkey appears twice in the scene.