Eric R. Kandel, MD, is a professor at Columbia University, the Fred Kavli Professor and Director, Kavli Institute for Brain Science, and a senior investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. A graduate of Harvard College and the NYU School of Medicine, Kandel trained in neurobiology at the National Institutes of Health and in psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. In 2000, he won the Nobel Prize for Physiology/Medicine.
Kandel's research has been concerned with the molecular mechanisms of memory storage in Aplysia (sea slugs) and mice. More recently, he has studied animal models in mice of memory disorders and mental illness. In 2012, Kandel wrote The Age of Insight: The Quest to Understand the Unconscious in Art, Mind, and Brain, from Vienna 1900 to the Present, which won the Bruno-Kreisky Award in Literature, Austria's highest literary award.