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Ogooué—Congo

Alfred Stieglitz (American, Hoboken, New Jersey 1864–1946 New York)

Author:
Marius de Zayas (Mexican, Veracruz 1880–1961 Stamford, Connecticut)
Author:
Francis Picabia (French, Paris 1879–1953 Paris)
Author:
Max Jacob (French, 1876–1944)
Author:
Katherine Rhoades (American, 1885–1986)
Date:
February 1916
Medium:
Photomechanical reproduction; deluxe edition printed on Japan paper
Dimensions:
(Closed) Sheet: 18 7/8 x 12 1/2 in. (47.9 x 31.8 cm) (Open) Sheet: 18 7/8 x 25 in. (47.9 x 63.5 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Accession Number:
49.55.330(19)
  • Description

    Volume 12 of the journal 291 (February 1916) featured a Kota reliquary sculpture on its cover, as well as a text by De Zayas on African art's significance for modernism—more specifically, for abstraction and Cubism. A prolific theorist and essayist, De Zayas developed over nearly two decades a study titled The Evolution of Form. Inspired by evolutionist anthropology, its goal was to demonstrate "scientifically" the role of the primitive as a source of inspiration. While De Zayas's approach has been criticized for its racist overtones, his theory underlines the radical nature of the early twentieth-century avant-garde: in a period of acute racism, many artists saw in African art progress, not regression.

  • Provenance

    Donor: The Estate of Alfred Stieglitz

418139

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