Exhibitions/ Art Object

Negro Song II

Artist:
Francis Picabia (French, Paris 1879–1953 Paris)
Date:
1913
Medium:
Watercolor and graphite on illustration board
Dimensions:
21 7/8 × 25 7/8 in. (55.6 × 65.7 cm)
Classification:
Drawings
Credit Line:
Gift of William Benenson, 1991
Accession Number:
1991.402.14
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
Inscription: Signed (lower right): Picabia; inscribed (upper left): CHANSON NEgRE
the artist (1913–26; sold in 1926 to Duchamp); Marcel Duchamp, Paris (1926; his sale, Hôtel Drouot, Paris, March 8, 1926, no. 15, for Fr 700, to Breton); André Breton, Paris (1926–probably until 1928 or 1931); his former wife, Simone Kahn Breton, later Collinet, Paris (probably 1928 or 1931–at least 1949); [Rose Fried Gallery, The Pinacotheca, New York, by 1950–at least 1951; probably sold in 1951 to Benenson]; William Benenson, New York (probably 1951–91; his gift to MMA)

New York. The Gallery of the Photo-Secession. "An Exhibition of Studies Made in New York, by François [sic] Picabia, of Paris," March 17–April 5, 1913, no. 12 or 13 (as "Negro Song").

Paris. Champ-de-Mars. "Salon des Indépendants," March 1–April 30, 1914, no. 2618 (as "Chanson nègre").

Paris. Galerie René Drouin. "50 ans de plaisirs," March 4–26, 1949, no. 8 (as "Chanson nègre," Lent by col[lection]. Collinet).

New York. Rose Fried Gallery: The Pinacotheca. "Picabia," February 15–March 30, 1950, no. 2 (as "Chanson Négre").

New York. Rose Fried Gallery: The Pinacotheca. "Some Areas of Search: 1913–1951," May 1951 no catalogue.

Paris. Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. "Francis Picabia," January 23–March 29, 1976, no. 34 (as "Chanson nègre II," Lent by a private collection, New York).

Valencia. IVAM, Centre Julio Gonzalez. "Francis Picabia: Máquinas y Españolas," October 5–December 3, 1995, unnumbered cat. (p. 82).

Barcelona. Fundació Antoni Tàpies. "Francis Picabia: Máquinas y Españolas," December 19, 1995–March 3, 1996, unnumbered cat.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Painters in Paris: 1895–1950," March 8–December 31, 2000, extended to January 14, 2001, not in catalogue.

Madrid. Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza. "Analogías musicales: Kandinsky y sus contemporáneos," February 11–May 25, 2003, no. 161.

Paris. Centre Pompidou, Galerie I. "Sons & lumières: Une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle," September 22, 2004–January 3, 2005, unnumbered cat. (p. 152).

Davenport, Iowa. Figge Art Museum. "The Great American Thing: Modern Art and National Identity, 1915–1935," September 17, 2005–January 1, 2006, not in catalogue.

Tacoma, Wash. Tacoma Art Museum. "The Great American Thing: Modern Art and National Identity, 1915–1935," February 4–May 21, 2006, not in catalogue.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "African Art, New York, and the Avant-Garde," November 27, 2012–April 14, 2013, extended to Sept 2, 2013, no catalogue (on view from April 12, 2013).

"Mr. Picabia Paints 'Coon Songs'." New-York Herald (March 18, 1913), p. 12.

[Samuel Swift]. "New York by Cubist is Very Confusing." Sun (March 18, 1913), p. 9, refers to "Chant de Negre," describing it as "a symphony or perhaps a folk song, in whites and browns and purples".

Harriet Monroe. "Davidson Sculpture Proves That Artist Has Ideas." Chicago Sunday Tribune (March 23, 1913), sec. 8, p. 5, quotes Jo Davidson's comments regarding this work and "Negro Song I" in Exh. New York 1913.

"Le 30e Salon des 'Indépendants'." Les Soirées de Paris (March 15, 1914), p. 188, ill. p. [169] [reprinted in "Les Soirées de Paris," Paris: Éditions de Conti, 2010, p. 324, ill. p. 305], calls it "Chanson nègre" in the caption and "Chanson Américaine" in the text.

Guillaume Apollinaire. "Le Salon des Indépendants." L'Intransigeant (March 2, 1914), p. 2.

Howard Devree. "Diverse Modernism: Early and Recent Paintings by Picabia." New York Times (February 19, 1950), ill. p. X9, as "Chanson Negre".

Gabrielle Buffet-Picabia. Aires Abstraites. Geneva, 1957, p. 32, states that it was in the collection of Rose Fried, New York.

Marc Le Bot. Francis Picabia et la crise des valeurs figuratives: 1900–1925. Paris, 1968, pp. 60, 81, 91.

Eileen Southern. The Music of Black Americans: A History. New York, 1971, p. 366.

Jean-Hubert Martin and Hélène Seckel, ed. Francis Picabia. Exh. cat., Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais. Paris, 1976, pp. 67, 185, no. 34, ill.

William A. Camfield. Francis Picabia: His Art, Life and Times. Princeton, 1979, pp. 48–49, 60, fig. 73.

Virginia Spate. Orphism: The Evolution of Non-Figurative Painting in Paris, 1910–1914. Oxford, 1979, pp. 321, 363 n.61.

Barbara Rose in William C. Agee and Barbara Rose. Patrick Henry Bruce: American Modernist. A Catalogue Raisonné. New York, 1979, pp. 57, 94 n. 63.

Laura Rosenstock in "Primitivism" in 20th Century Art: Affinity of the Tribal and the Modern. Ed. William Rubin. Exh. cat., Museum of Modern Art. New York, 1984, p. 477.

Maria Lluïsa Borràs. Picabia. New York, 1985, pp. 98, 101, 105 n. 71, p. 113 n. 98, p. 507, no. 142, fig. 252 (color).

Gabriel Boillat. A L'Origine, Cendrars. Les Ponts-de-Martel, Switz., 1985, p. 61.

Donna M. Cassidy. "Arthur Dove's Music Paintings of the Jazz Age." American Art Journal 20 (Winter 1988), pp. 10, 21 n. 22.

Eileen Southern and Josephine Wright. African-American Traditions in Song, Sermon, Tale, and Dance, 1600s–1920: An Annotated Bibliography of Literature, Collections, and Artworks. New York, 1990, p. 270, no. 2246.

Katherine Hoffman. Georgia O'Keeffe: A Celebration of Music and Dance. New York, 1997, p. 38.

Donna M. Cassidy. Painting the Musical City: Jazz and Cultural Identity in American Art, 1910–1940. Washington and London, 1997, pp. 6, 47, fig. 30.

Jody Blake. Le Tumulte noir: Modernist Art and Popular Entertainment in Jazz-Age Paris, 1900–1930. University Park, Penn., 1999, p. 47.

Eileen Southern and Josephine Wright. Images: Iconography of Music in African-American Culture, 1770s–1920s. New York and London, 2000, p. 265.

Sophie Duplaix and Marcella Lista, ed. Sons & Lumières: Une histoire du son dans l'art du XXe siècle. Exh. cat., Centre Pompidou, Galerie I. Paris, 2004, pp. 152–53, 370, ill. p. 152 (color).

Katherine Hoffman. Stieglitz: A Beginning Light. New Haven and London, 2004, p. 263.

Jessica Murphy in Stieglitz and His Artists: Matisse to O'Keeffe. The Alfred Stieglitz Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Ed. Lisa Mintz Messinger. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2011, pp. 45, 246.

Brenda Leach. Looking and Listening: Conversations Between Modern Art and Music. London, 2015, p. 40, fig. 4.1.



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