[Gustav Friedrich] Waagen. Treasures of Art in Great Britain. London, 1854, vol. 3, p. 36, records it in the collection of Colonel Wyndham at Petworth; does not identify the sitter and states that he is "inclined to attribute" the work to Frans Hals.
Catalogue of Pictures in Petworth House, Sussex. London, 1856, p. 41, no. 383, as "Portrait of 'Van Voorhout,'" by Frans Hals; reads the inscription on the back as "Claas Dugalt Van Voorhout brouwer in dos Brouwery Swaan, A.R.P.S.".
Wilhelm [von] Bode. Studien zur Geschichte der holländischen Malerei. Braunschweig, 1883, p. 92, no. 153, calls it a portrait of a middle-aged man, attributes it to Hals, and dates it about 1630.
E[rnst]. W[ilhelm]. Moes. Frans Hals, sa vie et son œuvre. Brussels, 1909, p. 101, no. 33, identifies the sitter as Claes Duyst van Voorhout.
Cornelis Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 3, London, 1910, p. 55, no. 176.
Frans Hals, His Life and Work. Berlin, 1914, vol. 1, p. 40, no. 114, pl. 62.
C. H. Collins Baker. Catalogue of the Petworth Collection of Pictures in the Possession of Lord Leconfield. London, 1920, p. 53, no. 383, ill. opp. p. 52, records the inscription on the back that identifies the sitter [see Catalogue Entry]; calls it "a latish example of fine quality".
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Frans Hals, des meisters Gemälde. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, 1923, p. 316, ill. p. 154, dates it about 1636.
C. H[ussey]. "The Petworth Collection of Pictures—I." Country Life 58 (December 5, 1925), pp. 901–2, ill. (with incorrect caption) [reprinted in "Petworth House, Sussex: The Seat of Lord Leconfield," London, 1926, pp. 38–39, ill.], calls it a late work.
W. R. Valentiner. "Rediscovered Paintings by Frans Hals." Art in America 16 (October 1928), p. 248, calls it "one of the finest portraits painted by Hals in the middle thirties".
Arsène Alexandre. "L'art hollandais à la Royal Academy." La Renaissance 12 (March 1929), p. 130, ill. p. 117.
Walter Heil. "The Jules Bache Collection." Art News 27 (April 27, 1929), p. 4, ill. p. 27 (color).
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Collection of Jules S. Bache. New York, 1929, unpaginated, ill.
Robert Witt. "The Dutch Exhibition at the Royal Academy." Burlington Magazine 54 (January 1929), pl. II.
Royal Cortissoz. "The Jules S. Bache Collection." American Magazine of Art 21 (May 1930), p. 259.
Franz Dülberg. Frans Hals: Ein Leben und ein Werk. Stuttgart, 1930, p. 144.
W. R. Valentiner. An Exhibition of Fifty Paintings by Frans Hals. Exh. cat., Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, 1935, unpaginated, no. 33, ill., relates it to Shakespeare's comedic figures.
W. R. Valentiner. Frans Hals Paintings in America. Westport, Conn., 1936, pp. 11–12, no. 59, ill. [cat. section unpaginated], relates it to Hals's portrait of Willem Heythuysen in the Liechtenstein collection (now Alte Pinakothek, Munich) and his portrait of an officer in the Goldman collection, New York (now Museu de Arte Moderna, São Paulo).
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Bache Collection. under revision. New York, 1937, unpaginated, no. 34, ill.
Ella S. Siple. "Paintings from American Collections Now on Loan in the Frans Hals Museum at Haarlem." Burlington Magazine 71 (August 1937), p. 93.
M. M. van Dantzig. Frans Hals: Echt of onecht. Amsterdam, 1937, p. 47, no. 19.
Duveen Pictures in Public Collections of America. New York, 1941, unpaginated, no. 192, ill.
N. S. Trivas. The Paintings of Frans Hals. New York, 1941, pp. 45–46, no. 62, pls. 84, 85 (overall and detail).
A Catalogue of Paintings in the Bache Collection. rev. ed. New York, 1943, unpaginated, no. 33, ill.
Seymour Slive. "Text." Frans Hals. 1, London, 1970, pp. 86, 88, 122–23, dates it about 1638.
Seymour Slive. "Plates." Frans Hals. 2, London, 1970, pls. 195, 197 (overall and detail).
Claus Grimm. Frans Hals: Entwicklung, Werkanalyse, Gesamtkatalog. Berlin, 1972, pp. 93–94, 96, 128, 141, 155, 202, no. 73, figs. 95 (detail), 99, dates it about 1635.
Seymour Slive. "Catalogue." Frans Hals. 3, London, 1974, pp. 63–64, no. 119, calls "the simplified silhouette and monochromatic effect" typical of Hals's works of the mid- and late 1630s.
E. C. Montagni in L'opera completa di Frans Hals. Milan, 1974, p. 100, no. 110, ill. p. 99 and colorpl. XLI, dates it 1635 or later.
John Pope-Hennessy in Profil du Metropolitan Museum of Art de New York: de Ramsès à Picasso. Exh. cat., Galerie des Beaux-Arts. Bordeaux, 1981, pp. 85, 88, no. 103, ill., dates it about 1630–35; notes that the identification of the sitter is not certain.
H. P. Baard. Frans Hals. New York, 1981, pp. 18, 122, colorpl. 30, dates it about 1638.
Peter C. Sutton. A Guide to Dutch Art in America. Grand Rapids, Mich., 1986, p. 185, fig. 261.
Seymour Slive in Frans Hals. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington. London, 1989, pp. 170, 280–81, no. 52, ill. (color).
Karin Groen and Ella Hendriks in Frans Hals. Exh. cat., National Gallery of Art, Washington. London, 1989, pp. 119, 123 n. 64, pp. 125–27, pl. VIII, fig. g (color detail of paint cross-section).
Walter Liedtke. "Dutch Paintings in America: The Collectors and Their Ideals." Great Dutch Paintings from America. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1990, p. 52.
Claus Grimm. Frans Hals: The Complete Work. New York, 1990, pp. 138–39, 184, 282, 291, no. 81, ill. p. 282, fig. 83, and colorpl. 59 (detail) [German ed., "Frans Hals: Das Gesamtwerk," Stuttgart, 1989, pp. 139, 184, 277, 284, no. 81, fig. 83, colorpl. 59 (detail)], dates it 1635–36.
Peter [C.] Sutton. "Washington and London: Frans Hals." Burlington Magazine 132 (January 1990), pp. 67, 69.
John Ingamells. "Dutch and Flemish." The Wallace Collection: Catalogue of Pictures. 4, London, 1992, p. 138 n. 12.
Arthur K. Wheelock Jr. Dutch Paintings of the Seventeenth Century. Washington, 1995, p. 74, fig. 1, dates it about 1638 and notes that the pose is the same, reversed, as that of the "Portrait of a Member of the Haarlem Civic Guard" (about 1636–38; National Gallery of Art, Washington).
Michael Kimmelman. "At the Met with Chuck Close: Sought or Imposed, Limits Can Take Flight." New York Times (July 25, 1997), p. C23.
Christopher Atkins. "Frans Hals's Virtuoso Brushwork." Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek 54 (2003), pp. 297, 306 n. 80, dates it about 1638; notes the existence of a 1650 inventory of a collection of paintings owned by Van Voorhout.
Meryle Secrest. Duveen: A Life in Art. New York, 2004, p. 447, dates it about 1636.
Walter Liedtke in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York: Chefs-d'œuvre de la peinture européenne. Exh. cat., Fondation Pierre Gianadda. Martigny, 2006, pp. 19, 70–74, no. 11, ill. (color, overall and detail) [Catalan ed., Barcelona, 2006, pp. 18, 42–45, no. 8, ill. (color, overall and detail)].
Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), pp. 42, 70, fig. 55 (color).
Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 1, pp. ix, 285–88, no. 65, colorpl. 65, states that it "must date from about 1636–38, to judge from the style of the costume".