C. Vosmaer. Rembrandt, sa vie et ses ouevres. 2nd ed. The Hague, 1877, pp. 255–56, 534, lists it with its pendant, MMA 29.100.103, as in the Seillière collection in 1861; dates both pictures 1643, and doubts that the male sitter is an admiral, though traditionally identified as one.
Wilhelm [von] Bode. Studien zur Geschichte der holländischen Malerei. Braunschweig, 1883, pp. 458, 469, 598, no. 308.
Eugène Dutuit. Tableaux et dessins de Rembrandt. Paris, 1885, pp. 52, 68, no. 301, states that this portrait and its pendant seem to come from the Erard sale of 1832.
Alfred von Wurzbach. Rembrandt-galerie. Stuttgart, 1886, text vol., no. 321.
Émile Michel. Rembrandt: His Life, His Work, and His Time. English ed. New York, 1894, vol. 2, p. 248, lists it among works recently acquired by American collectors.
W. Bode. "Alte Kunstwerke in den Sammlungen der Vereinigten Staaten." Zeitschrift für bildende Kunst, n.s., 6, no. 1 (1895), p. 71, ill. p. 72.
Malcolm Bell. Rembrandt van Rijn and His Work. London, 1899, pp. 76, 185, erroneously as signed and dated 1643.
Wilhelm [von] Bode with the assistance of C. Hofstede de Groot. The Complete Work of Rembrandt. 4, Paris, 1900, pp. 27, 124, 126, no. 266, pl. 266, as "A Young Man by a Pillar Holding a Plumed Cap in His Hand," in the Havemeyer collection.
Adolf Rosenberg. Rembrandt, des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart, 1904, p. 259, ill. p. 133.
Adolf Rosenberg. Rembrandt, des Meisters Gemälde. 2nd ed. Stuttgart, 1906, pp. 399, 413, ill. p. 205.
Adolf Rosenberg. Rembrandt, des Meisters Gemälde. 3rd ed. Stuttgart, 1909, p. 558, ill. p. 271.
C[ornelis]. Hofstede de Groot. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch Painters of the Seventeenth Century. 6, London, 1916, pp. 359, 400, no. 765.
John C. van Dyke. Rembrandt and His School. New York, 1923, p. 87, ascribes this picture and its pendant to Flinck.
H. O. Havemeyer Collection: Catalogue of Paintings, Prints, Sculpture and Objects of Art. n.p., 1931, pp. 28–29, ill.
Wilhelm R. Valentiner. Rembrandt Paintings in America. New York, 1931, unpaginated, no. 77, pl. 77.
Alan Burroughs. "Some Shadowgraphs of Bol and Rembrandt." Creative Art 10 (June 1932), pp. 453, 457–60, figs. 2, 6 (overall and shadowgraph detail), attributes this work and its pendant to Bol.
A[braham]. Bredius. Rembrandt Gemälde. Vienna, 1935, p. 10, no. 223, pl. 223.
Alan Burroughs. Art Criticism from a Laboratory. Boston, 1938, p. 157, notes that "the vagueness and flatness of the underpaint" relate the portraits to Bol, and states that "it would be rash to assume that Bol could not have painted them"
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. New York, 1961, pp. 19–20.
Kurt Bauch. Rembrandt Gemälde. Berlin, 1966, p. 20, pl. 389, as perhaps by Bol.
A[braham]. Bredius. Rembrandt: The Complete Edition of the Paintings. 3rd ed. London, 1969, p. 566, no. 223, ill. p. 182, calls it certainly by Bol.
Paolo Lecaldano in L'opera pittorica completa di Rembrandt. Milan, 1969, ill. p. 131, includes it among works of doubtful attribution.
Calvin Tomkins. Merchants and Masterpieces: The Story of The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1970, pp. 208–10 [rev., enl. ed., 1989].
Werner Sumowski. "Kritische Bemerkungen zur neuesten Gemäldekritik." Neue Beiträge zur Rembrandt-Forschung. Berlin, 1973, p. 97 n. 50, calls the attribution to Bol convincing; mentions a drawing after this painting with a Bol signature, sold at Sotheby's, May 21, 1963, from the collection of Walter Sichel.
Albert Blankert. Letter to John Walsh Jr. January 29, 1974, rejects an attribution to Bol.
Alan Levy. "The Rembrandt Research Project: Old Myths, New Methods." Art News 75 (September 1976), p. 42, ill. p. 40, quotes Bruyn regarding the doubtful attribution to Rembrandt.
J. Bolten and H. Bolten-Rempt. The Hidden Rembrandt. Milan, 1977, p. 190, no. 318, ill.
Werner Sumowski. "Ch. Paudiss–Anonyme." Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler. 4, Landau/Pfalz, 1983–[94?], pp. 2876–77, 2884 n. 40, ill. p. 2906, as by an anonymous Rembrandt pupil.
Frances Weitzenhoffer. The Havemeyers: Impressionism Comes to America. New York, 1986, pp. 65, 256, describes how Durand-Ruel bought this picture and its pendant for the Havemeyers from the princesse de Sagan in June 1892 for $100,000 [sic].
Walter Liedtke. "Dutch Paintings in America: The Collectors and Their Ideals." Great Dutch Paintings from America. Exh. cat., Mauritshuis, The Hague. Zwolle, The Netherlands, 1990, p. 46.
Volker Manuth. Letter to Walter Liedtke. August 21, 1992, doubts his earlier attribution [see Ref. 1991] to Victors.
Werner Sumowski. Letter to Walter Liedtke. October 13, 1992, suggests they are by Reynier van Gherwen.
Louisine W. Havemeyer. Sixteen to Sixty: Memoirs of a Collector. 3rd ed. [1st ed. 1930, repr. 1961]. New York, 1993, pp. 19–20, 286–87, 294, 310 n. 38, p. 343 n. 443.
Walter A. Liedtke in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 63.
Susan Alyson Stein in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, p. 213, pl. 192.
Gretchen Wold in Splendid Legacy: The Havemeyer Collection. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 1993, pp. 374–75, no. A457, ill.
Walter Liedtke in "Paintings, Drawings, and Prints: Art-Historical Perspectives." Rembrandt/Not Rembrandt in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Aspects of Connoisseurship. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2, New York, , pp. 23, 103–7, no. 27, ill. (color), favors an attribution to Victors, about 1643–48.
Debra Miller. Letter to Walter Liedtke. March 15, 1995, states that while she "wouldn't discount Victors completely, [she does] see at least as many indications of Bol's hand".
Hubert von Sonnenburg. "Paintings: Problems and Issues." Rembrandt/Not Rembrandt in The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Aspects of Connoisseurship. Exh. cat., The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1, New York, 1995, p. 27, fig. 21 (x-radiograph detail).
Esmée Quodbach. "'Rembrandt's "Gilder" is here': How America Got its First Rembrandt and France Lost Many of its Old Masters." Simiolus 31, no. 1/2 (2004), pp. 93–94, 99, fig. 2.
Catherine B. Scallen. Rembrandt, Reputation, and the Practice of Connoisseurship. Amsterdam, 2004, pp. 185, 358 n. 13.
Walter Liedtke. Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, 2007, vol. 2, pp. 708, 718–23, no. 164, colorpl. 164.
Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), p. 15.
Dagmar Hirschfelder. Tronie und Porträt in der niederländischen Malerei des 17. Jahrhunderts. Berlin, 2008, pp. 271–72, 274 n. 52, pp. 289, 299, 317, 426, no. 484, colorpl. XXIV, pl.102, dates the pendants about 1645/48.
George S. Keyes in Rembrandt in America: Collecting and Connoisseurship. Exh. cat., North Carolina Museum of Art. New York, 2011, p. 67.
Old Master & British Paintings: Evening Sale. Christie's, London. December 3, 2013, p. 60, under no. 16.