Inventory of the estate of Peter Paul Rubens. 1640, no. 108 [published in J. Denucé, "The Antwerp Art-Galleries: Inventories of the Art-Collections in Antwerp in the 16th and 17th Centuries," The Hague, 1932, p. 61].
Morning Herald (April 5, 1790), observes that this landscape was purchased at the Chauncey sale by Lord Lansdowne for 61 guineas [annotation in sale cat. in Victoria and Albert Museum Library is 62 guineas], and adds that "the fervid sun-beams, through the trees, Sir Joshua appears to have been fired with when he painted his Iphigenia [Royal Collection, London; exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1789]".
John Smith. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. Vol. 2, London, 1830, pp. 31, 201, no. 730, as sold with the collection of the Marquis of Lansdowne in 1806 for 305 guineas, and engraved by Schelte a Bolswert; mentions a smaller version of the same composition in the collection of the Earl of Mulgrave.
John Smith. A Catalogue Raisonné of the Works of the Most Eminent Dutch, Flemish, and French Painters. Vol. 9, Supplement. London, 1842, p. 314, no. 251, as in the collection of Sir Watkins [sic] W. Wynn, Bart. M.P.
Max Rooses. L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens. Vol. 4, Antwerp, 1890, p. 378, no. 1192, erroneously as no. 109 in the inventory of Rubens's estate; notes that Bode saw the picture in 1888 at the Royal Academy exhibition, and follows him in dating it about 1630; mentions a small copy on wood in the Alte Pinakothek, Munich (no. 811) as well as the one in the Mulgrave collection; publishes an engraving of it by Schelte a Bolswert.
Edward Dillon. Rubens. London, , pp. 184, 237.
Katalog der Kgl. Älteren Pinakothek. 11th ed. Munich, 1911, p. 145, under no. 811, catalogues the Munich picture as a sketch for the MMA work.
Ludwig Burchard. "Anmerkungen zu den Rubens-Bildern der Alten Pinakothek in München." Kunstchronik, n.s., 23 (February 23, 1912), col. 264, notes that the Munich picture is described in Ref. Alte Pinakothek 1911 as a study for this work, but agrees with Rooses [see Ref. 1890] that it is a copy.
Emil Kieser. Die Rubenslandschaft. PhD diss., Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Munich. Rudolstadt, Germany, 1926, p. 35.
Charles J. Sterling. "Les paysages de Rubens (Esquisse d'une étude)." Travaux des étudiants du groupe d'histoire de l'art de la faculté des lettres de Paris. Paris, 1928, p. 204, describes it as a composition rich with remembrance of Coninxloo in his latest period.
Foreword by Ernst Buchner. Ältere Pinakothek München: Amtlicher Katalog. 18th ed. Munich, 1936, p. 232, under no. 48, catalogues the Munich version as a copy after the MMA work.
Herbert Herrmann. Untersuchungen über die Landschaftsgemälde des Peter Paul Rubens. PhD diss., Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität zu Berlin. Stuttgart, 1936, pp. 14–15, 34, 42, 69 n. 27, calls the Munich picture a copy after a lost sketch by Rubens for the original, which is probably the MMA work.
Gustav Glück. Die Landschaften von Peter Paul Rubens. Vienna, 1945, pp. 38, 64–65, under no. 28, considers the Munich painting the first thought for this picture, which he notes is known only through the Bolswert engraving.
Ludwig Burchard in A Loan Exhibition of Works by Peter Paul Rubens, Kt. Exh. cat.London, 1950, pp. 48–49, no. 38, ill., dates it 1630–40.
Jacob Burckhardt. Recollections of Rubens. English ed. New York, 1950, p. 154 [German ed., "Erinnerungen aus Rubens," Basel, 1898], describes the painting without giving the title or location; seems to use the Bolswert engraving as his point of reference.
L[eo]. v. P[uyvelde]. Le siècle de Rubens. Exh. cat., Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique. Brussels, 1965, p. 204, under no. 215.
Julius S. Held. The Oil Sketches of Peter Paul Rubens. Princeton, 1980, vol. 1, pp. 619–20, under no. 454, observes that Bode [see Ref. Rooses 1890] dates the MMA picture about 1630, but finds it stylistically closer to the "Landscape with the Castle of Steen" (National Gallery, London) which Gregory Martin "persuasively" dates 1636; suggests a source for the motif of brilliant sunlight bursting from behind a group of trees in an engraving by Egidius Sadeler, based on a composition by Roelant Savery [see Notes].
Lisa Vergara. Rubens and the Poetics of Landscape. New Haven, 1982, p. 196, no. 29.
Wolfgang Adler. Corpus Rubenianum Ludwig Burchard. part 18, vol. 1, Landscapes and Hunting Scenes. London, 1982, pp. 154–57, no. 49, figs. 130, 172 (diagram of the supports), considers the Munich picture a preparatory sketch; believes the MMA painting was executed on a composite panel from the outset; cites the copy with the Earl of Mugrave in 1830 as "whereabouts unknown" and associates it with a painting on the art market in Amsterdam in the 1920s; dates it between 1631 and 1635.
Gregory Martin. "Review of Adler 1982." Burlington Magazine 125 (March 1983), p. 166, comments that Adler's diagram of the supports in this panel seems acceptable.
Francis Broun. "Sir Joshua Reynolds' Collection of Paintings." PhD diss., Princeton University, 1987, vol. 2, p. 134 n. 3, pp. 136–38, no. 4, pl. 36, reports an annotation opposite the entry for this painting in Sir Abraham Hume's copy of the Lansdowne sale catalogue (Courtauld Institute Library), stating that it had belonged to Sir Joshua Reynolds and was sold by him to a friend for £100.
Jeffrey M. Muller. Rubens: The Artist as Collector. Princeton, 1989, p. 116, pl. 51.
Michael Jaffé. Rubens: catalogo completo. Milan, 1989, p. 365, no. 1338, ill., dates it about 1635–36.
Artemis 89–90: Consolidated Audited Annual Report (1990), p. 14, no. 4, ill. (color).
Walter Liedtke in "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1990–1991." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49 (Fall 1991), pp. 39–40, ill. (color, overall and detail on cover).
Everett Fahy. "Selected Acquisitions of European Paintings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1987–1991." Burlington Magazine 133 (November 1991), p. 801, ill. (color).
Introduction by Walter A. Liedtke in Flemish Paintings in America: A Survey of Early Netherlandish and Flemish Paintings in the Public Collections of North America. Antwerp, 1992, pp. 9, 211–13, no. 65, ill. in color (overall and detail).
Walter Liedtke. "Addenda to 'Flemish Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art'." Metropolitan Museum Journal 27 (1992), pp. 101–7, figs. 1, 3 (overall with sketch showing location of support panels), 4 (drawing of panel structure), 5 (detail).
Julian Agnew in Agnew's 1982–1992. London, 1992, p. 42, colorpl. 31.
Peter C. Sutton. The Age of Rubens. Exh. cat., Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Boston, 1993, p. 43, fig. 38.
Christopher Brown. Making and Meaning: Rubens's Landscapes. Exh. cat., National Gallery. London, 1996, pp. 11, 75–76, 96, 99, 102, 119, colorpl. 71 and ill. p. 119 (diagram of make-up of panel).
Walter Liedtke. "Rubens, His Patrons, and Style." Rembrandt, Rubens, and the Art of Their Time: Recent Perspectives. Ed. Roland E. Fleischer and Susan Clare Scott. University Park, Pa., 1997, p. 130, fig. 5-13.
Seymour Slive. "Jacob van Ruisdael's Variation on a Theme by Rubens at Bilbao." Oud-Holland 111, no. 2 (1997), pp. 187–89, 190 nn. 5–6, fig. 3.
Paul Oppenheimer. Rubens, A Portrait: Beauty and the Angelic. London, 1999, pp. 334–35, colorpl. XV.
Konrad Renger with Claudia Denk. Flämische Malerei des Barock in der Alten Pinakothek. Munich, 2002, p. 465, under no. 48.
Gregory Martin in A House of Art: Rubens as Collector. Exh. cat., Rubenshuis, Antwerp. Schoten, Belgium, 2004, pp. 117–19, 234, no. 10, ill. (color).
Fiona Healy in A House of Art: Rubens as Collector. Exh. cat., Rubenshuis, Antwerp. Schoten, Belgium, 2004, pp. 184, 223 n. 7.
Heinz Widauer in Peter Paul Rubens. Exh. cat., Graphische Sammlung Albertina. Vienna, 2004, pp. 480–81, no. 128, ill. (color).
Anne-Marie S. Logan and Michiel C. Plomp in Peter Paul Rubens. Exh. cat., Graphische Sammlung Albertina. Vienna, 2004, p. 461.
Walter Liedtke. "Toward a New Edition of Flemish Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Munuscula Amicorum: Contributions on Rubens and His Colleagues in Honour of Hans Vlieghe. Ed. Katlijne van der Stighelen. Vol. 2, Turnhout, Belgium, 2006, p. 669.
Esmée Quodbach. "The Age of Rembrandt: Dutch Paintings in The Metropolitan Museum of Art." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 65 (Summer 2007), p. 64.
Bert Schepers and Hélène Dubois in Rubens: A Genius at Work. Exh. cat., Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, Brussels. Tielt, Belgium, 2007, pp. 277, 279 n. 19.
Christopher White. The Later Flemish Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen. London, 2007, p. 17 n. 92.
Keith Christiansen in Philippe de Montebello and The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1977–2008. New York, 2009, pp. 35–36, fig. 51 (color).