Exhibitions/ Art Object
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Cypresses

Artist:
Ikeda Koson (Japanese, 1803–1868)
Period:
Edo period (1615–1868)
Date:
mid-19th century
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
Two-panel folding screen; ink on paper
Dimensions:
Image: 59 5/16 x 63 1/16 in. (150.6 x 160.2 cm) Overall with mounting: 67 1/2 x 70 1/2 in. (171.5 x 179.1 cm)
Classification:
Screens
Credit Line:
Mary Griggs Burke Collection, Gift of the Mary and Jackson Burke Foundation, 2015
Accession Number:
2015.300.97
Not on view
In this dramatic close-up of a single landscape element, Ikeda Koson renders a timeless moment in a grove of hinoki cypresses. He depicts an atmosphere of misty space and shifting light by skillfully varying ink tones from black to gray in the leaves of frond-like branchlets. Texture and form result from the application of wet ink over pale washes on the tree trunks.

Koson, a pupil of the Rinpa revivalist Sakai Hōitsu (1761–1828), brought a fresh vitality to standard themes in the Rinpa repertoire through his virtuoso brushwork and ability to convey naturalistic forms without sacrificing the bold decorative impact of his predecessors.
Little is known about Ikeda Koson (1802–1867), who painted this exquisite screen, other than that he was one of the leading students—with his older colleague Kiitsu (cat.no. 135)—of Sakai Hōitsu (cat. no. 134). His signature, "Koson Sanshin utsusu oite Renshinkutsu" (Drawn by Koson Sanshin at the Cavern for Refining the Mind) hints at a leaning toward the spiritual life, and the larger of his two seals, "Chaga zanmai-an shu" (Master of the Hut for Tea, Painting, and Spiritual Concentration), suggests an involvement with chanoyu. Stylistically, Koson's work emulates that of his teacher. Also like Hōitsu, he published a book on Ogata Kōrin (cat. nos. 132, 133), Shinsen Kōrin hyakuzu (A New Selection of One Hundred Paintings by Kōrin).[1]

Koson's oeuvre is composed mainly of brilliantly colored, sharply delineated, semi-realistic works that show traces of Western influence. This exceptionally beautiful screen in ink monochrome veers sharply from the artist's standard style and is widely praised as one of the finest ink paintings by an artist of the Rinpa school.

The cypress was a favorite Rinpa subject. Using only ink, Koson achieves a subtly decorative effect in a spectrum of tones from black to pearl gray. The uniformity of the leaves in both shape and size may indicate that Koson copied them from preexisting patterns, as did Kōrin on occasion. The application of wet over partially dried ink, in the tarashikomi technique, lends a blurred effect, creating an impression of damp woods in early morning, with soft, intermittent rays of sun.

[Miyeko Murase 2000, Bridge of Dreams]

[1] Ikeda Koson 1864.
Signature: Koson Sanshin Renshin-kutsu no oite utsusu

Marking: Seals: Saga Sammai-an Shu; Sanshin
Mary and Jackson Burke Foundation , New York (until 2015; donated to MMA)
Tokyo National Museum. "Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: nyūyōku bāku korekushon," May 21, 1985–June 30, 1985.

Ishikawa Prefectural Museum. "Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: nyūyōku bāku korekushon," July 13, 1985–August 11, 1985.

Nagoya City Art Museum. "Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: nyūyōku bāku korekushon," August 17, 1985–September 23, 1985.

Atami. MOA Museum of Art. "Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: nyūyōku bāku korekushon," September 29, 1985–October 27, 1985.

Hamamatsu City Museum of Art. "Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: nyūyōku bāku korekushon," November 12, 1985–December 1, 1985.

New York. Asia Society. "Art of Japan: Selections from the Burke Collection, pts. I and II," October 2, 1986–February 22, 1987.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Japanese Ink Paintings from the Collection of Mary and Jackson Burke," February 15, 1989–June 25, 1989.

Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. "Die Kunst des Alten Japan: Meisterwerke aus der Mary and Jackson Burke Collection," September 16, 1990–November 18, 1990.

Fukuoka City Museum. "The Western Influence on Japanese Art," September 19, 1995–September 24, 1995.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Japanese Art from The Mary Griggs Burke Collection," March 30, 2000–June 25, 2000.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "A Sense of Place: Landscape in Japanese Art," May 8, 2002–September 8, 2002.

National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo. "Rimpa," August 21, 2004–October 3, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Designing Nature: The Rinpa Aesthetic in Japanese Art," May 26, 2012–January 13, 2013.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Celebrating the Arts of Japan: The Mary Griggs Burke Collection," October 20, 2015–January 22, 2017.

Murase, Miyeko. Byōbu: Japanese Screens from New York Collections. Exh. cat. New York: Asia Society, 1971, cat. no. 7.

Yamane Yūzō, ed. Rinpa kaiga zenshū (Survey of Rinpa paintings), vol. 5, Hōitsu ha. Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shinbunsha, 1978, pl. 213.

Tokyo National Museum. Nihon bijutsu meihin ten: New York Burke Collection / A Selection of Japanese Art from the Mary and Jackson Burke Collection. Exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, 1985, cat. no. 47

Avitabile, Gunhild, ed. Die Kunst des alten Japan: Meisterwerke aus der Mary and Jackson Burke Collection, New York. Exh. cat. Frankfurt: Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, 1990, cat. no. 61

Murase, Miyeko. Masterpieces of Japanese Screen Painting: The American Collections. New York: George Braziller, 1990, no. 9.

Kobayashi Tadashi, ed. Rinpa. Vol. 3, Fūgetsu, chōjū (Landscapes, animals, and birds). Kyoto: Shikōsha, 1991, pl. 92.

Murase, Miyeko. Il Giappone. Storia universale dell’arte: La civiltà dell’Oriente. Turin: UTET, 1992, p. 214.

Kōno Motoaki, ed. Kano ha to Rinpa (The Kano School and Rinpa). Nihon suiboku meihin zufu (Survey of masterpieces of Japanese ink painting), 4. Tokyo: Mainichi Shinbunsha, 1993, pp. 176–177, no. 57.

Yasumura Toshinobu. Hōitsu to Edo Rinpa (Hōitsu and Rinpa in Edo). Rinpa Bijutsukan (Rinpa Museum), 3. Tokyo: Shūeisha, 1993, p. 81, no. 80.

Murase, Miyeko. Bridge of Dreams: The Mary Griggs Burke Collection of Japanese Art. Exh. cat. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000, cat. no. 136.

Furuta Ryō and Nakamura Reiko. Rinpa. Exh. cat., National Museum of Modern Art. Tokyo: Tōkyō Shinbun, 2004, pp. 104–5, no. 35.

Carpenter, John T. Designing Nature: The Rinpa Aesthetic in Japanese Art. Exh. cat. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2012, cat. no. 19.
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