Made in Eastern Mediterranean, excavated at al-Fudayn (Mafraq), Jordan
Iron, bronze, cast
18 7/8 x 26 3/4 x 22 1/16 in. (48 x 68 x 56 cm)
Jordan Archaeological Museum, Amman (J. 15700–J. 15707)
Not on view
Al-Fudayn, an Umayyad residence located on trade routes joining cities such as Gerasa (Jerash) with the Arabian Peninsula, belonged to the exceptionally wealthy great grandson of the third Orthodox caliph ‘Uthman ibin ‘Afan. It was destroyed in the early ninth century, when a subsequent owner opposed the Abbasids. These luxury goods were found together and were perhaps hidden at that time. Dionysiac scenes appear under the arcades on this brazier. The erotic cavorting maenads, satyrs, intimate couples, and Pan suggest the brazier may have been used in the bathhouse excavated at the Umayyad palace. This modern reconstruction is based on the seven pieces of the original found in a hoard long hidden at the site.