Made in Eastern Mediterranean, excavated at al-Fudayn (Mafraq), Jordan
Steatite, carved and engraved
8 x 10 in. (20.3 x 25.4 cm)
Jordan Archaeological Museum, Amman (J. 19308)
Not on view
Al-Fudayn, an Umayyad residence located on trade routes joining cities such as Gerasa (Jerash) with the Arabian Peninsula, belonged to the exceptionally wealthy great grandson of the third Orthodox caliph ‘Uthman ibin ‘Afan. It was destroyed in the early ninth century, when a subsequent owner opposed the Abbasids. These luxury goods were found together and were perhaps hidden at that time. Vessels made of steatite, a luxurious stone imported from the Arabian Peninsula, reflect al-Fudayn’s orientation toward eastern trade and pilgrimage routes. The pot is inscribed in Arabic in Kufic script, "For Nawwar," apparently the owner.
Inscription: In Arabic, in Kufic script, on the interior: For Nawwar
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Byzantium and Islam: Age of Transition (7th–9th Century)," March 12, 2012–July 8, 2012.