Qaraite Book of Exodus
Made in Egypt
Ink and pigments on paper; 21 folios
9 7/16 x 7 1/16 in. (24 x 18 cm)
The British Library, London (Or.2540)
Not on view
By this period, Jews spoke and often wrote in Arabic, but only the Qaraites, a group that advocated literalistic interpretation of scripture, transliterated the Bible into Arabic characters. This book of Exodus features Hebrew and Arabic vocalization signs in red and green ink, resembling contemporary Qur’ans.