The Synagogue at AshkelonDuring the Byzantine period, the synagogue was constructed to promote an atmosphere of sanctity and was often referred to as "the holy place." It featured wall inscriptions and intricately carved reliefs as well as a chancel screen. An innovation adopted from Christian contexts and seen in many synagogues from this period, the screen separated the Holy Ark housing the Torah scrolls, the most sacred part of the synagogue, from the rest of the hall. Fragments of the Ashkelon Synagogue were discovered during the nineteenth century, though no complete structure has ever been excavated.Dedicatory inscriptions were common in synagogues. This beautifully carved example from the chancel screen refers to the synagogue in Greek as "the holy place." It reads from front to back and includes among the donors Donna, daughter of Julianus; Mari, son of Nonnos; and Master Commodus.