Hatnefer's Chair

New Kingdom
Dynasty 18, early
reign of Thutmose II–Early Joint reign
ca. 1492–1473 B.C.
From Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Sheikh Abd el-Qurna, Tomb of Hatnefer and Ramose (below TT 71), outside entrance, MMA 1935–1936
Boxwood, cypress, ebony, linen cord
H. 53 cm (20 7/8 in); w. 50 cm (19 11/16 in); d. 42 cm (16 9/16 in) H. of seat 24.5 cm (9 5/8 in)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1936
Accession Number:
  • Description

    Hatnefer was the mother of Senenmut, one of Hatshepsut's best known officials. Her undisturbed tomb was discovered by the Museum's Egyptian Expedition in 1936 on the hillside below Senenmut's tomb chapel. This chair was found in front of the tomb's entrance and was given to the Museum in the division of finds by the Egyptian government.
    Hatnefer's chair is a fine example of Egyptian woodworking. The various elements were assembled with mortise-and-tenon joinery, and pegs were used to hold the tenons in place. Pegs also fasten the braces to the back and seat. The joins were reinforced with resinous glue. The decoration on the back of the chair includes a row of protective symbols. In the center is the god Bes, a deity who protected the home. On either side of the god are the tit amulet which is closely associated with the goddess Isis, and the djed pillar, which symbolizes stability and endurance. The seat, made of linen cord, is original.

  • Provenance

    Excavated by the Egyptian Expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1935–1936. Acquired by the Museum in the division of finds, 1936.