First Gaster Bible
Made in Egypt or Palestine
Ink and pigments on parchment with gold leaf ornamentation; 40 folios
13 x 9 1/2 in. (33 x 24.2 cm)
The British Library, London (Or.9879)
Not on view
This fragment is one of the oldest extant Hebrew illuminated texts. Featuring gold embellishments and ornate calligraphy, it recalls the Kufic writing in contemporaneous Arabic manuscripts and an early edition of the Tiberian Masorah, the critical apparatus to the Jewish biblical text developed during the early Islamic period.