Exhibitions/ Art Object
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芦雁図
Reeds and Geese

Artist:
Tesshū Tokusai (Japanese, died 1366)
Period:
Nanbokuchō period (1336–92)
Date:
dated 11th month, 1343
Culture:
Japan
Medium:
One of a pair of hanging scrolls; ink on silk
Dimensions:
Image: 43 7/16 x 17 5/16 in. (110.4 x 44 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
Purchase, Mrs. Jackson Burke Gift, 1977
Accession Number:
1977.172
Not on view
This pair of hanging scrolls, though separated recently as is apparent from their different mountings, once formed part of a triptych flanking a central scroll that depicted the Daoist immortal Lu Dongbin (now in the Nelson-Atkins Museum, Kansas City). This schema, cultivated and popular in Zen temples in Japan, reflected the desire to express the underlying unity of the natural and spiritual worlds. The flying, calling, sleeping, and feeding geese reference the four fundamental aspects of monastic life.

Tesshū Tokusai was one of the most cultivated monks of early Japanese Zen Buddhism. As a spiritual discipline, he devoted himself to painting orchids and geese in the style of contemporary Chinese masters. The inscription on the left scroll, partially damaged, includes the date of the eleventh month, 1343, as well as the words for “Japan” and “a respected scholar.”
Signature: Small intaglio seal in upper right corner: "Tesshu"
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Arts of Japan," 1998.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Blossoms of Many Colors: A Selection from the Permanent Collection of Japanese Art," March 21, 2000–August 9, 2000.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Written Image: Japanese Calligraphy and Paintings from the Sylvan Barnet and William Burto Collection," October 1, 2002–March 2, 2003.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Birds, Flowers, and Buddhist Paradise Imagery in Japanese Art," February 14, 2004–June 13, 2004.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Animals, Birds, Insects, and Marine Life in Japanese Art," June 26, 2008–November 30, 2008.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Five Thousand Years of Japanese Art: Treasures from the Packard Collection," December 17, 2009–June 10, 2010.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Birds in the Art of Japan," February 2, 2013–July 28, 2013.

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