Exhibitions/ Art Object

The Alternative of WIlliams-Burg

Artist:
Attributed to Philip Dawe (British, 1745?–?1809)
Publisher:
R. Sayer and J. Bennett (London)
Date:
February 16, 1775
Medium:
Mezzotint
Dimensions:
plate: 13 7/8 x 10 in. (35.2 x 25.4 cm) sheet: 15 15/16 x 11 1/2 in. (40.5 x 29.2 cm)
Classification:
Prints
Credit Line:
Gift of William H. Huntington, 1883
Accession Number:
83.2.182
Not on view
This political satire published in London shows rough looking "Sons of Liberty" at Williamsburg, Virginia urging planters to sign a pledge of loyalty to anti-British actions passed by the Continental Congress. After the Boston Tea party of December 1773, the British parliament passed the "Intolerable Acts" that imposed further duties on their American colonies. In August 1774 the Williamsburg Resolutions were issued in response and local planters were pressured to stop exporting tobacco until the new taxes are repealed. Those reluctant to do so are here threatened with being tarred and feathered, with those elements hanging from a gibbet in the background.
Inscription: In plate: "Plate IV"
Donor: William Henry Huntington
British Museum Satires 5284A
Frederic George Stephens, M. Dorothy George Catalogue of political and personal satires preserved in the Department of Prints and Drawings in the British Museum. 11 vols., London, 1870-, vol. V, no. 5284A, note, p. 196.

R. T. Haines Halsey The Boston Port Bill as Pictured by a Contemporary London Cartooinist. The Grolier Club, 1904, pp. xix & 82.

Joan D. Dolmetsch, Colonial Williamsburg Foundation Rebellion and reconciliation: satirical prints on the Revolution at Williamsburg. 1976, cat. no. 33, pp. 78-9.



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