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Mountainous Landscape with Bridge

Eugène-Joseph Verboeckhoven (Belgian, Warneton 1798–1881 Brussels)

Medium:
Oil on paper, laid down on canvas
Dimensions:
22 1/2 x 18 1/4 in. (57.2 x 46.4 cm)
Classification:
Paintings
Credit Line:
The Whitney Collection, Promised Gift of Wheelock Whitney III, and Purchase, Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Charles S. McVeigh, by exchange, 2003
Accession Number:
2003.42.55
  • Gallery Label

    Verboeckhoven was a leading nineteenth-century animalier painter who specialized in livestock. In this view, he reversed the typical scale of figure to ground, resulting in one of his rare pure landscapes. (A diminutive pair of deer appears at lower center.) It was perhaps inspired by the scenery of the Ardennes forest, which the artist visited in the 1820s.

  • Catalogue Entry

    Verboeckhoven was a leading nineteenth-century animalier painter who specialized in livestock. In this view, which includes a diminutive pair of deer at bottom center, he reversed the scale of figure to ground typical of his compositions, resulting in one of his rare pure landscapes. It was perhaps inspired by the scenery of the Ardennes forest, which he visited in the 1820s. A characteristic feature of Verboeckhoven’s mature work is its reliance on pedantic detail, which is absent here. This painting’s naturalist aesthetic reflects the enduring appeal of seventeenth-century Dutch landscapists, notably Adam Pynacker, and perhaps the young artist’s receptivity to current trends in landscape painting in evidence at the salons of Paris and northern France in the 20s. It also bears a vestigial affinity with picturesque views by Verboeckhoven’s teacher, Balthasar Paul Ommeganck (1755–1826), for example Landscape with a Wooden Bridge of 1791 (see Richard Kerremans in Denis Coekelberghs and Pierre Loze, eds., 1770–1830: Autour du neo-classicisme en Belgique, exh. cat., Musée communal des Beaux-Arts d’Ixelles, Brussels, 1985, pp. 302–3, no. 263, colorpl. 30, as collection Galerie d’Arenberg, Brussels).

    [2013; based on research undertaken in conjuction with Miller 2013]

  • Signatures, Inscriptions, and Markings

    Inscription: Signed (lower right): Eugene Verboeckhoven

  • Provenance

    sale, Christie's, New York, March 1, 1984, no. 230, as "Mountain Goats in a Rocky Gorge at Sunset," to Whitney; Wheelock Whitney III, New York (from 1984)

  • Exhibition History

    New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Path of Nature: French Paintings from the Wheelock Whitney Collection, 1785–1850," January 22–April 21, 2013, unnumbered cat. (fig. 68).

  • References

    Asher Ethan Miller. "The Path of Nature: French Paintings from the Wheelock Whitney Collection, 1785–1850." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 70 (Winter 2013), p. 47, fig. 68 (color).



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