Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo (Spanish, Cuenca ca. 1612–1667 Madrid)
Oil on canvas
58 1/4 x 40 1/2 in. (148 x 102.9 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1943
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 610
Mazo was Velázquez’s most gifted assistant and his son-in-law, having married his daughter Francisca in 1633. María Teresa, daughter of King Philip IV of Spain and his first queen, Isabel de Borbón, was portrayed by Mazo when she was seven years old. In 1660 the Infanta married her cousin Louis XIV and became Queen of France. Another portrait of her, by Velázquez, is also in the Museum’s collection. Mazo reused a canvas for this portrait; a group of putti from the previous work is visible through the red curtain.
chevalier Féréol Bonnemaison, Paris (until d. 1827; his estate sale, Henry, Paris, April 17–21, 1827, no. 44, as "Portrait d'une jeune fille," by Velázquez, for Fr 1,500); Charles-Auguste-Louis-Joseph, duc de Morny, Paris (by 1863–d. 1865; his estate sale, Palais de la Présidence du Corps Législatif, Paris, June 8, 1865, no. 127, as "Portrait d'une Infante," by Velázquez, for Fr 51,000); Mrs. Lyne Stephens, Lynford Hall, Norfolk (by 1874–d. 1895; her estate sale, Christie's, London, May 9–13, 1895, no. 321, as "A Young Lady called an Infanta," by Velázquez, for £4,515 to Agnew); [Thomas Agnew & Sons, London, from 1895]; J. Pierpont Morgan, London and New York (by 1896–d. 1913; his estate, 1913–17); his son, J. P. Morgan, New York (1917–d. 1943; his estate, 1943; as by Mazo, sold through Knoedler to MMA)
Paris. Palais de la Présidence du Corps Législatif. "Ouvrages de peinture exposés au profit de la colonisation de l'Algérie par les Alsaciens-Lorrains," opened April 23, 1874, no. 505 (as by Velázquez, lent by Mme Lyne Stephens).
London. Royal Academy of Arts. "Winter Exhibition," January 6–March 14, 1896, no. 117 (as "Portrait of an Infanta," by Velázquez, lent by J. Pierpont Morgan).
Art Gallery of the Corporation of London. "Spanish Painters," April 30–August 28, 1901, no. 131 (as "Portrait of the Infanta Maria Theresa," by Velázquez, lent by J. Pierpont Morgan).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The J. Pierpont Morgan Collection," February 18, 1914–May 28, 1916, unnumbered cat. (p. 101, as by Velázquez).
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Spanish Paintings from El Greco to Goya," February 17–April 1, 1928, no. 59 (as by Velázquez, lent by J. Pierpont Morgan).
New York. M. Knoedler & Co. "Collection of J. P. Morgan: Exhibition of Paintings for the Benefit of the Citizens Committee for the Army and Navy, Inc.," November 23–December 11, 1943, no. 21 (as by Mazo).
Little Rock. Arkansas Arts Center. "Five Centuries of European Painting," May 16–October 26, 1963, unnumbered cat. (p. 21, as by Mazo).
Huntington, N.Y. Heckscher Museum. "Goya to Vicente: Tradition and Response," September 8–December 16, 2001, no catalogue.
Paris. Musée d'Orsay. "Manet/Velázquez: La manière espagnole au XIXe siècle," September 16, 2002–January 12, 2003, no. 25.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting," March 4–June 8, 2003, no. 47.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Velázquez Rediscovered," November 17, 2009–February 7, 2010, no catalogue.
Catalogue de tableaux précieux des diverses écoles . . . formant le cabinet de feu M. le Ch. Féréol Bonnemaison... Henry, Paris. April 17–21, 1827, pp. 35–36, no. 44, as "Portrait d'une jeune fille," by Velázquez; describes a manuscript note found on the reverse of the painting prior to its relining which describes the princess and apparently identifies her as María Teresa of Austria.
Léon Lagrange. "La galerie de M. le duc de Morny." Gazette des beaux-arts 14 (April 1863), pp. 387–88, ill. opp. p. 388 (engraving by Sotain, in reverse), attributes it to Velázquez and mentions two other Velázquez portraits of María Teresa (collections Frank Hall Standish [present location unknown] and Louis Viardot [now Louvre, Paris]); observes that in this portrait, the artist "has reproduced the life, life in both the material and the moral sense, the child's brilliant coloring, the innate aristocracy of the royal baby".
Paul Mantz. "Exposition en faveur des Alsaciens-Lorrains." Gazette des beaux-arts, 2nd ser., 10 (October 1874), pp. 297–98, attributes it to Velázquez; praises the execution of the dress as surpassing the paintings of Rubens and Van Dyck.
Charles B. Curtis. Velazquez and Murillo. London, 1883, pp. 104–5, no. 268, as "A Young Lady, called an 'Infanta'," by Velázquez.
Carl Justi. Diego Velázquez and His Times. London, 1889, pp. 404–5, ill. p. 402 (engraving), calls it a "genuine Maria Theresa," attributes it to Velázquez, and describes it as "in the style of the fifth decade"; comments on the sitter's "impressive and intelligent features".
Walter Armstrong. The Life of Velazquez. London, 1896, p. 86, calls it possibly one of the many portraits of María Teresa painted in Velázquez's studio for the French court.
R. A. M. Stevenson. Velasquez. London, 1906, p. 138, as "An Infanta," by Velázquez, in the collection of J. Pierpont Morgan.
W. Roberts. Pictures in the Collection of J. Pierpont Morgan at Princes Gate & Dover House, London. Vol. 2, Dutch & Flemish, French, Italian, Spanish. London, 1907, unpaginated, attributes it to Velázquez and identifies the sitter as definitely María Teresa; observes a similarity with the face in her portrait by Velázquez at the Prado, Madrid [probably Mazo's portrait of the Infanta Margarita, Prado no. 1191].
A. de Beruete y Moret. The School of Madrid. London, 1909, p. 92, calls it "undoubtedly, another original by Mazo," formerly attributed to Velázquez.
August L. Mayer. Geschichte der spanischen Malerei. Leipzig, 1913, vol. 2, p. 185 [2nd ed., 1922, p. 426, fig. 306], considers it a late work by Mazo.
B[ryson]. B[urroughs]. "A Loan Exhibition of Mr. Morgan's Paintings." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 8 (January 1913), p. 6, ill. p. 11, attributes it to Velázquez and dates it early 1650s "judging from the apparent age of the sitter, as she seems scarcely ten years old".
August L. Mayer. Kleine Velazquez-Studien. Munich, 1913, p. 47, dates it in the 1640s, noting that the Infanta must be at least 5 years old.
Walter Gensel. Velazquez: Des Meisters Gemälde. Ed. Valerian von Loga. 3rd ed. Stuttgart, 1914, ill. p. 149, dates it about 1645.
August L. Mayer. "An Infanta Portrait of Velázquez." Art in America 2 (April 1914), p. 249, as by Mazo, though attributed to Velázquez.
Walter W.S. Cook. "Spanish and French Paintings in the Lehman Collection." Art Bulletin 7 (December 1924), pp. 55–56, fig. 8, calls it the earliest extant portrait of María Teresa and dates it about 1645; considers it possibly a copy of a lost original by Velázquez and comments that "the color, the touch, and the whole technique betray the hand of Mazo".
August L. Mayer. Diego Velazquez. Berlin, 1924, p. 154, as by Mazo, possibly copied from an original by Velázquez from the 1640s.
Walter Gensel. Velazquez: Des Meisters Gemälde. Ed. Juan Allende-Salazar. Stuttgart, , p. 287, ill. p. 239, as by Mazo, dated about 1645.
Bryson Burroughs. "Spanish Paintings from El Greco to Goya." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 23 (February 1928), p. 42, notes that some authorities attribute this painting to Mazo.
"From El Greco to Goya." American Magazine of Art 19 (April 1928), p. 182.
August L. Mayer. Velazquez: A Catalogue Raisonné of the Pictures and Drawings. London, 1936, p. 121, no. 513, pl. 109, attributes it to Mazo, derived from a lost original by Velázquez.
Élie Faure. Velazquez: Gesamtwiedergabe seiner Gemälde. London, 1939, p. 240, no. 85, pl. 82, as by Velázquez, dated about 1645.
Collection of J. P. Morgan. Exh. cat., M. Knoedler & Co. New York, 1943, p. 34, no. 21, pl. 3, notes that while this picture has been attributed to Velázquez, it is now ascribed to Mazo; dates it about 1645.
M[argaretta]. S[alinger]. "Notes." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 2 (April 1944), opp. p. 225, ill., and cover (color detail), as by Mazo.
Bernardino de Pantorba. La vida y la obra de Velázquez: Estudio biográfico y crítico. Madrid, 1955, pp. 188–89 under no. 107, remarks that if it is a copy of a lost original by Velázquez, then the original was the first portrait of María Teresa by the master; mistakenly cites this picture as the one in the 1825 sale at the Galerie Lapeyrière.
A. Hyatt Mayor. "Children Are What We Make Them." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 15 (March 1957), ill. p. 184, as by Mazo, painted about 1657.
Juan Antonio Gaya Nuño. La pintura española fuera de España. Madrid, 1958, p. 229, no. 1715, as by Mazo, from about 1645.
Martin Soria in George Kubler and Martin Soria. Art and Architecture in Spain and Portugal and their American Dominions, 1500 to 1800. Baltimore, 1959, p. 388 n. 10, lists it among works by Mazo.
Theodore Rousseau. Letter to Millard F. Rogers, Jr. May 14, 1962, doubts the attribution to Mazo and notes "the curtain seems to have been painted over the figures of several babies quite foreign to the artist's style, as we know it".
José López-Rey. Velázquez: A Catalogue Raisonné of His Oeuvre. London, 1963, p. 252, no. 393, pl. 418, calls it "The Infanta María Teresa (?)" and says it is "obviously not by Velázquez. Perhaps, but not surely, by Mazo".
Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez. Letter to Dulce Roman. April 27, 1997, based on a photograph, believes it may be a portrait by Mazo after an original by Velázquez, since the dog is similar to that in Velázquez's portrait of the Infante Felipe Próspero (Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna); notes that if the sitter is María Teresa, the portrait must date to about 1645–48 when she was 6–10 years old.
Jean Strouse. "J. Pierpont Morgan, Financier and Collector." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 57 (Winter 2000), fig. 37 (installation view), dates it 1644–45.
Deborah L. Roldán in Gary Tinterow and Geneviève Lacambre. Manet/Velázquez: The French Taste for Spanish Painting. Exh. cat., Musée d'Orsay, Paris. New York, 2003, pp. 55, 430–31, no. 47, ill. p. 430 and fig. 1.56 (color) [French ed., "Manet/Velázquez: La manière espagnole au XIXe siècle," Paris, 2002, pp. 344–45, no. 25, fig. 30 (color)], dates it 1644–45; comments that throughout the 19th century, this picture was highly esteemed as a work by Velázquez.
Esmée Quodbach. "'Rembrandt's "Gilder" is here': How America Got its First Rembrandt and France Lost Many of its Old Masters." Simiolus 31, no. 1/2 (2004), p. 97, notes that this picture brought the highest price among Spanish and Italian paintings in the de Morny sale of 1865.
María Teresa was the only child of Philip IV of Spain (1605–1665) and his first wife, Isabel de Borbón (1602–1644), to reach maturity. In 1660 she renounced her rights to the Spanish throne and married her cousin Louis XIV of France (1638–1715). This is the only known portrait of the Infanta at such a young age. Attributed to Velázquez throughout the nineteenth century, this painting was first assigned to Mazo in 1909 by Beruete y Moret, with some scholars noting it may be copied from a lost Velázquez original (see Cook 1924 and Mayer 1924). An engraving, in reverse, by Sotain is reproduced in Lagrange 1863 and another engraving is illustrated in Justi 1889.