Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

List of Rulers of Byzantium

Thematic Essays

By Category

By Geographical Region & Time Period
By Department

Early Byzantium Emperors

1 Portrait head of the emperor Constantine [Roman]
2 Solidus of Constantius II (Sole Emperor, 350-361) [Byzantine]
3 Theodosius Arrives at Ephesus (Scene from the Legend of the Seven Sleepers) [French]
4 Solidus of Justinian I [Byzantine]
Constantine I the Great(1) 324–37
Constantios (Constantius) II(2) 337–61
Julian 361–63
Jovian 363–64
Valens 364–78
Theodosios (Theodosius) I(3) 379–95
Arkadios (Arcadius) 395–408
Theodosios (Theodosius) II 408–50
Marcian 450–57
Leo I 457–74
Leo II 474
Zeno 474–75
Basiliscos (Basiliscus) 475–76
Zeno (again) 476–91
Anastasios (Anastasius) I 491–518
Justin I 518–27
Justinian I the Great(4) 527–65
Justin II 565–78
Tiberios II Constantinos (Tiberius II Constantinus) 578–82
Maurice 582–602
Phokas (Phocas) I 602–10
Herakleios (Heraclius) 610–41
Constantine III and Herakleonas (Heracleonas) 641
Herakleonas (Heracleonas) 641
Constans II 641–68
Constantine IV 668–85
Justinian II (first reign) 685–95
Leontios (Leontius) 695–98
Tiberios (Tiberius) III 698–705
Justinian II (second reign) 705–11
Philippicos (Philippicus) 711–13
Anastasios (Anastasius) II 713–15
Theodosios (Theodosius) III 715–17
Leo III 717–41
Constantine V 741–75
Leo IV 775–80
Constantine VI 780–97
Irene 797–802
Nikephoros (Nicephorus) I 802–11
Stauracios (Stauracius) 811
Michael I Rangabe 811–13
Leo V 813–20
Michael II 820–29
Theophilos (Theophilus) 829–42
Michael III 842–67

Middle Byzantium Emperors

 
Basil I, the Macedonian 867–86
Leo VI, the Wise 886–912
Alexander 912–13
Constantine VII Porphyrogennetos (Porphyrogenitus) 913–59
Romanos I Lekapenos (Romanus I Lecapenos) 920–44
Romanos (Romanus) II 959–63
Nikephoros II Phokas (Nicephorus II Phocas) 963–69
John I Tzimiskes (Tzimisces) 969–76
Basil II 976–1025
Constantine VIII 1025–28
Romanos III Argyros (Romanus III Argyrus) 1028–34
Michael IV 1034–41
Michael V 1041–42
Zoë and Theodora 1042
Constantine IX Monomachos (Monomachus) 1042–55
Theodora(again) 1055–56
Michael VI 1056–57
Isaac I Komnenos (Comnenus) 1057–59
Constantine X Doukas (Ducas) 1059–67
Romanos (Romanus) IV Diogenes 1068–71
Michael VII Doukas (Ducas) 1071–78
Nikephoros (Nicephorus) III Botaneiates 1078–81
Alexios I Komnenos (Alexius I Comnenus) 1081–1118
John II Komnenos (Comnenus) 1118–43
Manuel I Komnenos (Comnenus) 1143–80
Alexios II Komnenos (Alexius II Comnenus) 1181–83
Andronikos I Komnenos (Andronicus I Comnenos) 1183–85
Isaac II Angelos (Angelus) 1185–95
Alexios III Angelos (Alexius III Angelus) 1195–1203
Isaac II (again) and Alexios IV Angelos (Alexius IV Angelus) 1203–4
Alexios V Murtzuphlos (Alexius V Murtzuphlus) 1204

Nicaean Emperors

 
Theodore I Laskaris (Lascaris) 1204–22
John III Doukas (Ducas) Vatatzes 1222–54
Theodore II Laskaris (Lascaris) 1254–58
John IV Laskaris (Lascaris) 1258–61

Late Byzantium Emperors—The Palaiologoi

 
Michael VIII Palaiologos (Palaeologus) 1259–82
Andronikos II Palaiologos (Andronicus II Palaeologus) 1282–1328
Andronikos III Palaiologos (Andronicus III Palaeologus) 1328–41
John V Palaiologos (Palaeologus) 1341–91
John VI Kantakouzenos (Cantacuzenus) 1347–54
Andronikos IV Palaiologos (Andronicus IV Palaeologus) 1376–79
John VII Palaiologos (Palaeologus) 1390
Manuel II Palaiologos (Palaeologus) 1391–1425
John VIII Palaiologos (Palaeologus) 1425–48
Constantine XI Palaiologos 1449–1453
Department of Medieval Art and The Cloisters, The Metropolitan Museum of Art