Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

Artist (A–Z) | All Artists

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Subject (A–Z)

Index Classification: Subject Matter/Theme

Mythological Animal

Animal, Mythological

Works of Art (174)

Amphora (Jar) with Lid, 3rd quarter of the 6th century B.C., Etruscan, black-figure, Pontic ware, Terracotta (2012.26a,b)
Apollo, Pegasus, and the Hippocrene Spring, mid-16th century, Angiolo Falconetto (Italian), after Giulio Romano (Italian, Roman, ca. 1499–1546), Etching (49.95.286)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Crowned Centaur Fighting a Dragon, 1200–1225, German (Lower Saxony), Copper alloy (10.37.2)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Dragon, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (47.101.51)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Griffin, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (1975.1.1413)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Horse, ca. 1400, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (10.13.4a)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy (52.24.1)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1200, North German, Copper alloy, glass inlay (47.101.52)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Lion, ca. 1400, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (1994.244)
Aquamanile in the Form of a Unicorn, ca. 1425–50, German (Nuremberg), Copper alloy (64.101.1493)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial A: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–80, Cosmè Tura (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (11.50.1)
Bail-amphora (jar), ca. 330–310 B.C.; red-figure, Attributed to the Ixion Painter, Greek, South Italian, Campanian, Terracotta (06.1021.240)
Bark Sphinx (Sib), Dynasty 26, ca. 664–525 B.C., Egyptian, Leaded bronze (2011.96)
Basin, Qing dynasty, Qianlong period, dated 1774, China, Nephrite (jade) (02.18.689)
Bat-Nosed Figure Pendant, 12th–16th century, Panama; Parita, Gold, whale tooth (1979.206.1155)
Beaker (kero), 7th–10th century, Peru; Wari, Wood (1978.412.214)
Beaker with birds and animals, 4th century B.C., Thraco-Geti style, Lower Danube region, Thrace, Silver (47.100.88)
Bell, Eastern Zhou dynasty, late Spring and Autumn period, early 5th century B.C., China, Bronze (1988.20.7)
Beneficent Rain, Yuan dynasty, early 13th–14th century, Zhang Yucai (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on silk (1985.227.2)
Bird-Headed Figure Whistle, 8th–9th century, Mexico, Veracruz, Ceramic (1978.412.80)
Birth of the Buddha, Muromachi period, ca. 1400, Unidentified artist, Japan, Section of a wall panel; ink, color, and gold on silk (1993.478.1)
Bottle, late 13th century; Mamluk, Probably Syria, Greenish colorless glass, free-blown, enameled, and gilded; tooled on the pontil; red, blue, green, yellow, purple, brown, pink, white, gray blue, and black enamels; and gold (41.150)
Bow case and quiver, 15th–17th century, Tibetan or Mongolian, Leather, shellac, wood, iron, and gold (2003.344a–c)
Bowl, 13th–15th century, Dominican Republic; Taino, Ceramic (1982.48.3)
Bowl, 15th century; Timurid, Iran or Central Asia, Earthenware, underglaze-painted (32.33)
Bowl, ca. 725–675 B.C.; Archaic, Cypriot; Said to be from Kourion, Gilt silver (74.51.4554)
Bowl, Five Dynasties period, 10th century, Probably the vicinity of Shanglinhu, Zhejiang Province, China, Stoneware with carved and incised design under celadon glaze (Yue ware) (18.56.36)
Box for game pieces, ca. 1300, German, Painted wood with iron mounts (1976.327)
Brünnhilde Sleeps, 1980, Anselm Kiefer (German), Acrylic and gouache on photograph (1995.14.30)
Bracteate, 5th–6th century, Scandinavian, Gold (2001.583)
Burgonet, 1543, Made by Filippo Negroli, Italian (Milan), Steel, embossed and damascened with gold (17.190.1720)
Burse, first quarter of 18th century, English, Silk, metal thread, pearls, and garnets on silk velvet (64.101.1363)
Cadmus Fighting the Dragon Who Had Killed His Men, Léon Davent (French), after Francesco Primaticcio (Italian, Bolognese), Etching; sheet, trimmed within platemark (49.97.570)
Calyx-krater (vessel for mixing wine and water) depicting Herakles, Theseus, and Perithous in Hades, ca. 450–440 B.C.; red-figure, Greek; Attic, Attributed to the Nekyia Painter, Terracotta (08.258.21)
Candelabrum Centerpiece, 1835–36, Paul Storr (British), Silver-gilt, (60.55.10a-s)
Canopy with phoenixes, Yuan dynasty (1279–1368), China, Embroidery; silk and gold thread (1988.82)
Carpet with a compartment design, Safavid period (1501–1722), first half of 16th century, Iran, silk (warp and weft), wool (pile), asymmetrically knotted pile (10.61.3)
Centerpiece, ca. 1770–80, Italian; Cozzi factory, Hard-paste porcelain (1977.216.37)
Ceremonial Handle (?), 9th–13th century, Mexico; Maya-Toltec (?), Jade (jadeite/omphacite) (1979.206.1132)
Ceremonial Metate, 10th–11th century, Costa Rica; Atlantic Watershed, Stone (1978.412.94)
Chair panel of Thutmose IV, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Thutmose IV, ca. 1400–1390 B.C., Egyptian, Cedar (30.8.45)
Chess Piece in the Form of a Knight, ca. 1250, English, Walrus ivory (17.190.231)
Circular Pendant, 700–800, Viking, probably Gotland, Gilded copper alloy (1984.300)
The Companions of Rinaldo Nicolas Poussin (French), Oil on canvas (1977.1.2)
Container for Magical Substances (Perminangken [?]), 19th–early 20th century, Toba Batak people, Sumatra, Indonesia, Wood, Chinese trade ceramic (1988.124.2a,b)
Corbel with Five Interlaced Hair-Pulling Acrobats, second half of 12th century, Aquitaine, France, Limestone (34.21.2)
Covered jar (hu), Western Han dynasty, 2nd–1st century B.C., Probably from Luoyang area, China, Earthenware with painted decoration (1992.165.20ab)
Cylinder seal and modern impression with winged horse with claws and horns, 13th century B.C.; Middle Assyrian style, Northern Mesopotamia, Chalcedony (1999.325.89)
Cylinder seal and modern impression: worshipper approaching bearded god, 1820–1730 B.C.; Classic Syrian I style, Syria, Hematite (1991.368.5)
Dagger hilt, ca. 1450; Timurid, Iranian; Attributed to Samarqand, Uzbekistan, Greenish black nephrite (02.18.765)
"Diamond" evening dress, 1957, Charles James (American, born Great Britain) Silk: ivory satin: mushroom gros de londres; black velvet (2009.300.832)
Dinner dress, summer 1940, Elsa Schiaparelli (Italian), Orange silk jersey, blue silk faille, ceramic (2009.300.1210)
Dinos (mixing bowl), ca. 630–615 B.C., Attributed to the Polyteleia Painter, Greek, Corinthian (Transitional Period), Terracotta (1997.36)
Dish with an allegory of Chastity and the arms of Matthias Corvinus and Beatrice of Aragon, 1476–ca. 1490, Probably Pesaro, Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (46.85.30)
Door lintel with lion-griffins and vase with lotus leaf, 2nd–3rd century; Parthian period, Hatra, northern Mesopotamia, Limestone (32.145a, b)
Double diptych icon pendant, early 18th century, Ethiopia, Central and Northern Highlands, Amhara or Tigrinya peoples, Wood, tempera, pigment, string (1997.81.1)
Double page from a Divan (Anthology) of Sultan Husain Baiqara, 1500; Timurid, Calligraphy by Sultan cAli Mashhadi, Afghanistan (Herat), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1982.120.1)
Double-Chambered Whistling Bottle, 4th–7th century, Ecuador; Bahía, Ceramic (1988.117.7)
Double-End Animal Pendant, 5th–8th century, Panama; Conte (?), Gold (1991.419.18)
Dragon and Clouds, ca. 1600, Attributed to Sadiqi Beg, Ink and watercolor on paper (2010.309)
Dragon Carpet, 19th century, Caucasus region, Wool, cotton; plain weave with supplementary-weft embroidery (Soumak) (1971.263.5)
Dragon wrapped around featherlike saz leaves, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), ca. 1550–70, Turkey, Istanbul, Main support: ink on paper, border: gold, ink, and opaque watercolor on paper (2000.424)
Dragon-handled jug with inscription, Timurid period (1370–1507), late 15th–first quarter of 16th century, present-day Afghanistan, probably Herat, brass, cast and turned, engraved, and inlaid with silver, gold, and black organic compound (91.1.607)
Dragonesque Brooch, 1st century, Provincial Roman, probably made in Britain, Bronze with champlevé enamel (1980.450)
Dress ornaments, 5th century B.C., Scythian; Possibly northern Black Sea region, Gold (24.97.50-.51)
Eagle Attacking a Fish (one of five medallions from a coffret), ca. 1110–30, Conques, France, Gilt copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.689)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, 1210–1220, Said to be from the priory of Oignies, Belgium, Oak with traces of paint (41.190.283)
Ewer in the form of a phoenix, ca. 15th–16th century, Vietnam, Stoneware with underglaze cobalt-blue decoration (1992.72.1)
Ewer with Wild Man Finial, ca. 1500, German; Made in Nuremberg, Silver, silver-gilt, painted and enameled decoration (53.20.2)
Ewer, Northern Song dynasty, 11th–12th century; Yaozhou ware, China, Stoneware with incised, carved, and relief decoration under glaze (26.292.73)
Fabulous Beast (Fragment of a Tapestry), ca. 1420–30, German (Upper Rhineland; Basel), Linen warp with wool weft (1990.211)
The Feast of Sada: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1525, Attributed to Sultan Muhammad (Iranian), Iran, Tabriz, Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper (1970.301.2)
Firefighter's Coat with Susanoo-no-mikoto and Sea Monster, Edo period, 19th century, Dark blue quilted (sashiko) cotton with freehand paste-resist decoration (1983.158a–c)
Frog Yoke, 7th–10th century, Mexico, Veracruz, Greenstone (1978.412.15)
Funerary stele (shaft) surmounted by two sphinxes, last quarter of 5th century B.C.; Classical, Cypriot; Said to be from the necropolis at Golgoi, Limestone (74.51.2499)
Funerary urn (hunping), Western Jin dynasty, ca. 250–300, China, Earthenware with green glaze (1992.165.21)
Furniture support: female sphinx with Hathor-style curls, 1820–1740 B.C.; Old Assyrian Trading Colony period, Probably Acemhöyük, Central Anatolia, Ivory (Hippopotamus), gold foil (32.161.46)
Goa stone container with stone and stand, late 17th–early 18th century, India (Goa or western India), Container and stand; worked gold; Goa stone: organic and inorganic material, gilded (2004.244a–c)
Grave stele of a youth and a little girl, ca. 530 B.C.; Archaic, Greek, Attic, Parian marble (11.185a-c,f,g)
Gushtasp Slays the Rhino-Wolf: From the Gutman Shahnama (Book of Kings), ca. 1330–40, Iran (probably Isfahan), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1974.290.23v)
Handle of a hydria, early 6th century B.C., Greek, Bronze (06.1093)
Harness Pendant with Confronted Beasts, 500–600, Visigothic, Brass, leaded (1990.52)
Head of a griffin from a cauldron, third quarter of 7th century B.C., Greek (from Olympia), Bronze (1972.118.54)
Head of a Woman, Probably a Sphinx, 1st quarter of the 5th century B.C., Greek, Terracotta (47.100.3)
Helmet, 1350–1450, Mongolian or Chinese, Iron and gold (2005.270)
Helmet, probably mid- to late 17th century, Chinese, Iron, gold, silver, and textile (1997.18)
Horse blinker with sphinx, 8th–7th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian, Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Ivory (54.117.1)
Human-headed winged lion (lamassu), 883–859 B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period, reign of Ashurnasirpal II, Excavated at Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), northern Mesopotamia, Alabaster (gypsum) (32.143.2)
Incense Burner, ca. 1530–40, Northern Italian (probably Padua), Bronze with dark brown lacquer patina (1982.60.108)
Intaglio Gemstone with Saint Theodore Teron Slaying a Multiheaded Dragon, 1300 or later, Byzantine, Black agate chalcedony with red-brown striations (1999.325.227)
Intaglio with Winged Nike in a chariot drawn by two serpents, 1st century B.C.–3rd century A.D., Roman, Late Republican or Imperial, Carnelian (81.6.102)
Isfandiyar's Third Course: He Slays a Dragon: Folio from the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, Safavid period (1501–1722), ca. 1530, Attributed to Qasim, ibn 'Ali (active ca. 1525–60), Iran, Tabriz, Watercolor, ink, silver, and gold on paper (1970.301.51)
Isfandiyar's Third Course—He Slays a Dragon: From the Gutman Shahnama (Book of Kings), ca. 1330–40, Iran (probably Isfahan), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1974.290.26)
Jar, Ming dynasty, Xuande mark and period (1426–1435), China, Porcelain painted in underglaze blue (37.191.1)
Kashan carpet, second half of 16th century; Safavid, Iranian; Attributed to Kashan, Iran, Pile weave, silk pile on silk foundation (14.40.721)
Ladle with dragon handle, Three Kingdoms period, 3rd century, China, Gilt bronze (1994.605.90)
Large cista, mid-4th century B.C., Italic, Bronze (22.84.1)
Lentoid seal with a griffin, ca. 1450–1400 B.C.; Late Minoan II, Minoan, Agate (14.104.1)
Lion and Dragon in Combat, Safavid period (1501–1722), second half of 18th century, Signed by Muhammad Baqir (active 1750s–60s), Iran, Ink and watercolor on paper (1974.20)
Medallion with a griffin fighting an Arimaspian, 4th century B.C., Italic; Praeneste, Bronze (10.230.1)
Mirror back, Tang dynasty, 8th century, China, Silver (1985.214.22)
Mirror Frame, 9th–12th century, Peru; Wari-Chimú, Wood (1995.428)
Mirror with a support in the form of a draped woman, ca. 460–450 B.C.; Classical, Greek, Argive, Bronze (1972.118.78)
Mirror with a support in the form of a nude girl, second half of 6th century B.C., Laconian; Said to be from southern Italy, Bronze (38.11.3)
Model of a stupa (Buddhist shrine), ca. 4th century, Pakistan, ancient region of Gandhara, Bronze (1985.387ab)
Nao (bell), Shang dynasty (ca. 1600–1046 B.C.), China, Bronze (49.136.10)
Narbonne Arch, 12th century, French, Marble (22.58.1a)
Oedipus and the Sphinx, 1864, Gustave Moreau (French), Oil on canvas (21.134.1)
The Old Dragoons of 1850, 1905; this cast, 1907, Frederic Remington (American), Bronze (07.77)
Ornamental drawing of a dragon, mid-16th century; Ottoman, Attributed to Shah Quli, Turkey (Istanbul), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (57.51.26)
Ornamental Panel, 1521, Agostino Veneziano (Agostino dei Musi) (Italian), Engraving; sheet, trimmed within platemark (49.95.41)
Pair of candelabra, ca. 1840, Antoine-Louis Barye (French), Bronze (10.108.1a,b)
Pair of Earflares, 3rd–7th century, Peru, Moche, Gold, turquoise, sodalite, shell (66.196.40,.41)
Pair of stirrups, 16th–18th century, Tibetan, Iron, gold, and silver (1997.214.2a,b)
Panel with a Griffin, 1250–1300, Byzantine; Possibly from Greece or the Balkans, Marble (2000.81)
Panel with Cross and Griffins, 500–700, Byzantine; Made in Egypt, Wood (28.12)
Patio from the Castle of Vélez Blanco, 1506–15 Spanish (41.190.482)
Pendant in the form of a knotted dragon, Eastern Zhou dynasty, Warring States period (ca. 475–221 B.C.), China, Jade (Nephrite) (1985.214.99)
Pendant Mask, 13th–15th century, Dominican Republic; Taino, Bone (1997.35.1)
Pendant, 12th–14th century, Mexico; Mixtec, Greenstone (1978.412.117)
Phoenix-headed ewer, Tang dynasty, late 7th–first half of 8th century, China, Earthenware with three-color (sancai) glaze (1991.253.4)
Plaque with sphinxes, 9th–8th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian period; Syrian style, Arslan Tash(?), Syria, Ivory with traces of gold foil (57.80.4a,b)
Psykter, ca. 520–510 B.C.; Archaic; red-figure, Attributed to Oltos, Greek, Attic, Terracotta (1989.281.69)
Qilins (Chinese chimerical creatures) fighting with a dragon, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), 16th century, Turkey, Istanbul, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (55.121.35)
Rafter finial in the shape of a dragon's head and wind chime, Koryô dynasty (918–1392), 10th century,Korea, Gilt bronze (1999.263ab)
Relief fragment, 17th century (?), Mexico, Stone (00.5.40)
Ring, late 6th–early 5th century B.C., Etruscan, Gilt silver (1995.40)
Ritual basin, 7th–9th century, Pakistan (ancient region of Gandhara) or Central Asia, Bronze (1987.218.6)
Ritual food container (dui), Eastern Zhou dynasty, ca. 4th century B.C., China, Bronze inlaid with composition of bone black and lacquer (2006.117a,b)
Ritual Seat for a Noble (Osa'osa), 19th century, Ono Niha people, Gomo and Tae River area, Central region, Nias Island, Indonesia, Stone (1988.125.1)
Ritual Sword, ca. 15th century Tibet Steel with gold and silver inlays (1985.397)
The River Nile, ca. 1785–95, Giovanni Volpato (Italian), Hard-paste biscuit porcelain (2001.456)
Rug, 18th century, Caucasus region, Wool (22.100.122)
Saddle, 17th–18th century, Eastern Tibetan or Chinese for the Tibetan market, Iron, gold, silver, wood, leather, and textile (1997.214.1)
Safavid Courtiers Leading Georgian Captives, mid 16th century; Safavid, Iran, Silk and metal wrapped thread; lampas (52.20.12)
Saints Michael and Francis, ca. 1505–9, Juan de Flandes (Netherlandish), Oil on wood, gold ground (58.132)
Sarcophagus, second quarter of 5th century B.C.; Archaic, Cypriot, Limestone (74.51.2453)
Scenes from the Story of the Argonauts, ca. 1465, Biagio d'Antonio (Italian, Florentine); Master of the Argonauts, Tempera on panel (09.136.1,2)
Scroll cover for an imperial manuscript, Qing dynasty, Qianlong period, before 1764, China, Silk and metallic thread on silk (kesi) (41.123.2)
Set of jewelry, early 5th century B.C.; late Archaic, Etruscan, Gold, glass, rock crystal, agate, carnelian (40.11.7-.18)
Set of saddle plates, ca. 1400, Tibetan or Chinese, Iron, gold, lapis lazuli, turquoise (1999.118)
Shadakshari Lokeshvara with Deities and Monks, late 15th century, Tibet, Distemper and gold on cloth (1985.390.3)
Shaft-hole axhead with a bird-headed demon, boar, and dragon, late 3rd–early 2nd millennium B.C., Central Asia (Bactria-Margiana), Silver, gold foil (1982.5)
Silk with Griffins, first half of 13th century, Central Asian, Sicilian, or North African, Silk and silver-gilt metal on parchment over cotton (1984.344)
Sphinx of Hatshepsut, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian, Red granite with traces of blue and yellow paint (31.3.166)
Sphinx of Senwosret III, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Senwosret III, ca. 1878–1840 B.C., From Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Karnak probably, Gneiss (17.9.2)

Spouted ritual wine vessel (guang), Shang dynasty, early Anyang period, 13th century B.C., Possibly Anyang, Henan Province, China, Bronze (43.25.4)
Spouted Vessel, 13th–15th century, Mexico; Huastec, Ceramic (1998.385)
Square-Headed Brooch, 6th century, Anglo-Saxon, Copper alloy with gilding and niello inlay (1985.209)
Stamp seal and a modern impression: unicorn or bull and inscription,, Mature Harappan period, ca. 2600–1900 B.C., Indus Valley, Burnt steatite (49.40.1)
Standard top, 8th–7th century B.C., Luristan, western Iran, Bronze (1996.82.1)
Standing cup, Probably after a design by Reinhold Vasters (German), Jasper, partly enameled gold mounts, set with diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and pearls (17.190.1703)
Statuette of a man and centaur, ca. 750 B.C.; Geometric, Greek, Bronze (17.190.2072)
Sutra box, Ming dynasty, Yongle period (1403–1424), China, Red lacquer with qiangjin (incised and gilt decoration) (2001.584a-c)
Swords, with scabbard mounts, Sui dynasty, ca. 600, Chinese, Iron, gilt bronze, silver, wood (30.65.2)
Tapestry with Dragons and Flowers, 11th–12th century, Eastern Central Asia, Silk and metallic thread tapestry (kesi) (1987.275)
Teapot, 1820–21, John Edward Terrey (British), Silver, (1998.459)
Textile fragment, first half of 12th century, Spain, Silk and gold-wrapped silk (58.85.1)
Textile with coiled dragons, Jin dynasty (1115–1234), China, Tabby, brocaded; silk and gold thread (1989.205)
Tile with an image of a phoenix, Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), late 13th century, Iran, probably Takht-i Sulaiman, Stonepaste, modeled, underglaze painted in blue and turquoise, luster painted on opaque white ground (12.49.4)
Tomb guardian (zhenmushou), Northern Wei to Northern Qi dynasties, mid- to late 6th century, China, Earthenware with pigment (1979.438)
Tomb panel with relief of figures in a pavilion, Eastern Han dynasty, early 2nd century, Shandong Province, China, Limestone (20.99)
Twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac, Qing dynasty, 19th century, China, Jade (nephrite) (02.18.730)
Two bird ornaments, 1st–2nd century, Peru; Nazca, Gold (1979.206.511,.512)
Unicorn in Captivity, ca. 1495–1505, South Netherlandish, Wool warp, wool, silk, silver, and gilt wefts (37.80.6)
The Unicorn is Attacked, Tapestry, ca. 1495–1505, South Netherlandish, Wool warp, wool, silk, silver, gilt wefts (37.80.3)
The Unicorn is Found (from the Unicorn Tapestries), 1495–1505, South Netherlandish, Wool warp with wool, silk, silver, gilt wefts (37.80.2)
The Viking Punchbowl, ca. 1893, Paulding Farnham (American), designer; Tiffany & Company (American), manufacturer and retailer, Iron, silver, gold, wood (69.4)
Virgin Mary and Five Standing Saints above Predella Panels, 1440–1446, German; From the Carmelite church at Boppard-am-Rhein, Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous glass, silver stain (37.52.1–6)
Walking-Stick Flute/Oboe, ca. 1750–57, Georg Henrich Scherer (German), Germany (Butzbach), Narwhal tusk, ivory, gilt brass (2006.86a–c)
Wine container (hu), Eastern Zhou dynasty, Spring and Autumn period, early 5th century B.C., China, Bronze inlaid with copper (1999.46ab)
Winged cup (erbei), Eastern Zhou dynasty, late Warring States period, 3rd century B.C., Hunan Province, China, Lacquered wood (1974.268.4)
Yatagan, ca. 1525–30, Made by the Workshop of Ahmed Tekelü, Turkey (Possibly Iranian, active Istanbul), Steel, walrus ivory, gold, silver, rubies, turquoise, pearl (1993.14)