Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Archaeology from Africa and Egypt

Archaeology, Africa (including Egypt)

Works of Art (125)

[Abu Simbel], 1850, Maxime Du Camp (French), Salted paper print (Blanquart-Evrard Process) from paper negative (1981.1229.2)
Aegis of Sekhmet or Bastet, Third Intermediate Period and later (ca. 1070–332 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (10.130.2055)
Akhenaten Sacrificing a Duck, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (1985.328.2)
Anubis, Dynasty 26–30 (ca. 688–332 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (04.2.151)
Apis bull, Late Period, Dynasty 26–30, ca. 664–332 B.C., Egyptian, Ivory (modern base) (17.190.62)
Archers (detail), Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, reigns of Khufu to Khafre, ca. 2551–2494 B.C., Egyptian; Excavated at Lisht, reused in the pyramid of Amenemhat I, probably originally from Giza, Painted limestone (22.1.23)
Artist's sketches of Senenmut, New Kingdom, early co-reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut, ca. 1479–1423 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (31.4.2)
Baboon with a wedjet eye, Dynasty 26 (ca. 688–525 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (44.4.41)
Bakers and Brewers from Meketre's model bakery, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Meketre, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.12)
Basket and toilet articles, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, early co-reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut, ca. 1479–1473 B.C., Egyptian, Halfa grass and linen cord; Egyptian alabaster, linen, linen cord, ebony; boxwood and cypress (36.3.189,.190,.199)
Bes image, Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1070–712 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (26.7.878)
Block statue of a governor, Late Period, Dynasty 26 (ca. 664–525 B.C.), Egyptian, Graywacke (1982.318)
Bottle, ca. 1862, Attributed to Christopher Dresser (British), Bone china (1996.94)
Bowl decorated with marsh scenes, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Silver (07.228.20)
Box, ca. 1875, French, Gold and enamel (2002.258)
Bust of Serapis, 2nd century A.D.; Mid-Imperial, Roman; said to be from Egypt, Silver (1991.127)
Canopic Jar Lid, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, late reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1340–1336 B.C., Egyptian; From KV55, Valley of the Kings, western Thebes, Egyptian alabaster with glass and stone inlays (30.8.54)
Cat, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 400–30 B.C., Egyptian, Bronze (56.16.1)
Chair, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, early co-reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut, ca. 1479–1473 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Hatnofer and Ramose, western Thebes, Boxwood, cypress, ebony, linen cord (36.3.152)
[Children from the Village of Kalabshah, Nubia], 1852, Ernest Benecke (English, active France), Salted paper print from paper negative (2005.100.257)
Clappers, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egyptian; From Amarna, Ivory (32.5.2a-b)
Coffee and tea service (déjeuner chinois reticulé), 1855–61, Sévres Manufactory (French); Decorator: Jean-Marie-Ferdinand Réginer (French), Hard-paste porcelain (69.193.1–11)
Coffin set of Henettawy, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21, reign of Psusennes I, ca. 1040–992 B.C., Egyptian; From Deir el-Bahri, western Thebes, Gessoed and painted wood (25.3.182–184)
Coin cabinet, ca. 1809–19, Probably by François-Honoré-Georges Jacob-Desmalter (French); silver mounts by Martin-Guillaume Biennais (French); designed by Charles Percier (French); decoration after drawings by Baron Dominique Vivant-Denon (French), Mahogany, silver (26.168.77)
Conical boss from a bowl with granulated decoration, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Gold (30.8.371)
Cosmetic container in the form of a Bes image holding the cap of a kohl tube, Late Period, Dynasty 27, ca. 525–404 B.C., Egyptian, Faience (1989.281.94)
Cosmetic Jar in the Form of a Cat, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, ca. 1991–1783 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (calcite) with inlaid eyes of rock crystal and copper (1990.59.1)
Cult image of the god Ptah, Dynasty 22–early Dynasty 26 (ca. 945–600 B.C.), Egyptian, Lapis lazuli (2007.24)
Cylinder seal and modern impression with winged horse with claws and horns, 13th century B.C.; Middle Assyrian style, Northern Mesopotamia, Chalcedony (1999.325.89)
Dish, 19th century, Joseph-Théodore Deck (French, Earthenware with underglaze and enamel polychrome decoration ("Persian" faience) (1985.225)
Djed pillar, Late Period (ca. 688–332 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (89.2.539)
Egyptianizing figures on either side of a tree with a winged disk, 8th–7th century B.C.; Neo-Assyrian, Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu), Ivory (62.269.3)
Elephant, Late Naqada II (ca. 3650–3300 B.C.), Egyptian, Serpentine, bone (59.101.1)
Face of Senwosret III, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Senwosret III, ca. 1878–1840 B.C., Egyptian, Quartzite (26.7.1394)
Facsimile of a scene depicting an estate (Tomb of Nebamun, ca. 1375 B.C.), ca. 1928, Tempera on paper (30.4.57)
A Field of Barley, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1349–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone with remains of paint (1985.328.24)
Fish, Dynasty 12–13 (ca. 1981–1640 B.C.), Egyptian; Lisht North, Tomb L847, Gold, beryl (09.180.1182)
Fragment of the face of a queen, New Kingdom, Amarna Period, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1353–1336 B.C., Egypt, Middle Egypt, el-Amarna (Akhetaten); inc. el-Hagg Qandil, Yellow jasper (26.7.1396)
Gable-topped chest and linens, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, 1550–1295 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Hatnofer and Ramose, western Thebes, Whitewashed wood; linen (36.3.56,.54,.111,.140)
God Horus Protecting King Nectanebo II, Late Period, Dynasty 30, reign of Nectanebo II, 360–343 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke (34.2.1)
Hand and foot amulets, Dynasty 5–8 (ca. 2465–2100 B.C.), Egyptian, Carnelian (foot: 10.130.2355; hand: 10.130.2358)
Haremhab as a Scribe, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Tutankhamun or Aye, ca. 1336–1323 B.C., Egyptian, Granodiorite (23.10.1)
Harp, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, ca. 1390–1295 B.C., Egyptian, Wood (43.2.1)
Hatshepsut, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian; From Deir el-Bahri, western Thebes, Indurated limestone (29.3.2)
Head of a cobra, Dynasty 12–13 (ca. 1981–1640 B.C.), Egyptian; Lisht North, Carnelian (09.180.2455)
Head of a Priest, 4th century B.C., Egyptian, Basalt (1989.281.102)
Head of a Princess, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, reign of Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten, 1352–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Quartzite and paint (2005.363)
Head of Ahmose I, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Ahmose I (ca. 1550–1525 B.C.), Egyptian, Limestone (2006.270)
Head of an Antelope, Late Period, Dynasty 27, ca. 525–404 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke, agate, Egyptian alabaster (1992.55)
Head of Arsinoe II, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 316–270 B.C., Egyptian, Indurated limestone (38.10)
Head of Augustus, Roman Period, 27–20 B.C., Egyptian, Blue-green (glassy?) faience (26.7.1428)
Head of the pharaoh Apries, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Apries, ca. 589–570 B.C., Egyptian, Diorite (1994.198)
Heart amulets, Dynasty 18–19 (ca. 1550–1186 B.C.), Egyptian, Glass (10.130.1782)

Heart amulets, Dynasty 19–20 (ca. 1295–1070 B.C.), Egyptian, Agate (10.130.1804)
Hedgehog amulet on a string, Dynasty 12 (ca. 1981–1802 B.C.), Egyptian; Lisht North, Pit 995, Glazed steatite, reed (22.1.301)
Hippo's head, Dynasty 12 (ca. 1981–1802 B.C.), Egyptian, Beryl (10.130.2310)
Inlays and shrine elements, Dynasty 30–Ptolemaic Period, ca. 380–30 B.C., Egyptian, Glass (21.2.2)
Jug with a lion handle, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Silver (07.228.187)
King Sahure and a Nome God, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 5, ca. 2458–2446 B.C., Egyptian, Gneiss (18.2.4)
Kneeling statue of Amenemope-em-hat, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Psamtik I, ca. 664–610 B.C., Egyptian; Apparently from Memphis, Ptah temple, Graywacke (24.2.2)
Kushite Pharaoh, Late Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 713–664 B.C. Egyptian Bronze with gilding (2002.8)
Larnax (chest-shaped coffin), mid-13th century B.C.; Late Minoan IIIB, Minoan; Greece, Crete, Terracotta (1996.521a,b)
Lizard, ca. 1887, Emmanuel Frémiet (French), Stoneware, glazed (2003.280)
Long-necked jar, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Silver (07.228.16)
Lotiform Cup, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22, ca. 945–715 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian faience (26.7.971)
Lute, Roman Byzantine period, 3rd–4th century, Egyptian, Wood (12.182.44)
Magical stela, Late Period, Dynasty 30, reign of Nectanebo II, ca. 360–343 B.C., Egyptian, Greywacke (50.85)
Menat of Taharqo, Late Period, Dynasty 25, reign of Taharqo, ca. 690–664 B.C., Egyptian, Faience (41.160.104)
Mirror Frame, ca. 1568, Wenzel Jamnitzer (German), Silver gilt, ebony, and mirror plate (17.190.620)
Mummy Mask, Roman period, ca. 60–70, Egyptian; Probably from Meir, Painted plaster, cartonnage (linen and gesso), and plant fibers (19.2.6)
Mummy with an inserted panel portrait of a youth, 80–100 A.D.; Roman Period, Egypt, Fayum, Hawara (Hawwara, Hawwaret el-Maqta; Adlan), Petrie, Encaustic on limewood, linen, human remains (11.139)
Neck from a vessel depicting the goddess Hathor flanked by felines, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Silver, gold (30.8.370)
Nepthysis, Horus, and Isis, Dynasty 26 (ca. 688–525 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (17.194.2444)
Ostracon, New Kingdom, Dynasties 19–20, ca. 1295–?1069 B.C., Egyptian; From the Valley of the Kings, western Thebes, Painted limestone (26.7.1453)
Palette inscribed for Smendes, High Priest of Amun, Dynasty 21 (ca. 1045–992 B.C.), Egyptian; Probably from Upper Egypt, Thebes, Wood, ink, reed (47.123a–g)
Panel painting of a woman in a blue mantle, Roman Period, 54–68, Egyptian, Encaustic on wood (2013.438)
Pectoral of Princess Sit-Hathor-yunet (detail), Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reigns of Senwosret II–Amenemhat III, ca. 1887–1813 B.C., Egyptian; From Lahun, Gold, carnelian, feldspar, garnet, turquoise (16.1.3)
Portico of the Tomb of Amenemhat, Beni Hasan, 1851–52, Félix Teynard (French), Salted paper print from paper negative (1976.607.13)
Portrait of a Boy, Roman period, 2nd century, Egyptian, Encaustic on wood (18.9.2)
Prancing Horse, New Kingdom, late Dynasty 18, probably reign of Amenhotep III, ca. 1391–1353 B.C., Egyptian, Ivory, garnet inlay (26.7.1293)
Ram's-Head Amulet, Late Period, Dynasty 25, ca. 712–657 B.C., Egyptian/Nubian, Gold (1989.281.98)
Razor and mirror, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, early co-reign of Thutmose III and Hatshepsut, ca. 1479–1473 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Hatnofer and Ramose, western Thebes, Bronze and wood (36.3.69,.13)
Recumbent lion, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4–early Dynasty 5 (ca. 2575–2450 B.C.), Egyptian, Granite (2000.485)
Relief of Apries, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Apries, ca. 589–570 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone (09.183.1a)
Relief of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II (detail), Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 11, reign of Nebhepetre Mentuhotep II, ca. 2051–2000 B.C., Egyptian; From the king's temple at Deir el-Bahri in western Thebes, Painted limestone (07.230.2)
Reliefs from the Tomb of Nes-peka-shuty, Late Period, early Dynasty 26, late reign of Psamtik I, ca. 656–610 B.C., Egyptian; Deir el-Bahri, western Thebes, Limestone (23.3.468)
Ring with Equestrian Figure, 19th–20th century, Mali; Dogon peoples, Copper alloy (1981.425.1)
Rings and necklace, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Wah, western Thebes,Carnelian and linen thread; blue-glazed steatite and linen thread; carnelian, turquoise, moss agate, amethyst, milky quartz, green-glazed steatite, and twisted linen cord (40.3.1,.11,.16)
Ritual figure, 4th century B.C.–early Ptolemaic Period (380–246 B.C.), Egyptian, Wood, formerly clad in lead sheet (2003.154)
Ritual Figure, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reigns of Amenemhat II–Senwosret II, ca. 1919–1878 B.C., Egyptian; From Lisht, Painted wood (14.3.17)
A Royal Hand, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1349–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone, traces of paint (1985.328.1)
Sa sign, Dynasty 11, reign of Mentuhotep II, ca. 2051–2000 B.C., Egyptian; Thebes, Mentuhotep Temple, North Triangular Court, Pit 23, Electrum, silver(25.3.253)
Sarcophagus of Horkhebit, Late Period, Dynasty 26, ca. 590 B.C., Egyptian; From Saqqara, Basalt (07.229.1ab)
Scarab ring, Dynasty 12 (ca. 1981–1802 B.C.), Egyptian, Amethyst, copper (10.130.910)

Scarab with the name of Hatshepsut, early Dynasty 18, reign of Hatshepsut, ca. 1473–1458 B.C., Egyptian, Glazed steatite (27.3.206)

Heart scarab of Ruru, Dynasty 18–20 (ca. 1550–1070 B.C.), Egyptian, Dark green stone (10.130.1650)

Naturalistic scarab, Late Period–Ptolemaic Period (ca. 688–30 B.C.), Egyptian, Alabaster (15.43.136)
Scribes from Meketre's model granary, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Meketre, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.11)
Section from the "Book of the Dead" of Nany, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21, reigns of Psensennes I–II, ca. 1040–945 B.C., Egyptian; Western Thebes, Painted and inscribed papyrus (30.3.31)
Set of three soup plates, 1866–75, Félix Bracquemond (French); produced by Eugène Rousseau (French), Creamware (1996.161.1–3)
Sistrum, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 6, reign of Teti, 2323–2291 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (26.7.1450)
Situla with floral decoration, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Silver (07.228.18)
Situla with floral decoration, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Gold (07.228.22)
Sobek as a crocodile, early Ptolemaic Period (ca. 304–247 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (1989.281.96)
Stamp scarab seal with winged figures, 6th–5th century B.C., Levant or Syria, Green jasper (41.160.162)
Statue of Memi and Sabu, Old Kingdom, Dynasty 4, ca. 2575–2465 B.C., Egyptian; Probably from Giza, Painted limestone (48.111)
Statuette of a Hippopotamus, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, ca. 1991–1783 B.C., Egyptian; Middle Egypt, Meir, Faience (17.9.1)
Statuette of a Woman, Late Period, Dynasty 26, reign of Necho II, ca. 610–595 B.C., Egyptian, Silver (30.8.93)
Statuette of Amun, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 22, ca. 945–715 B.C., Egyptian, Gold (26.7.1412)
Statuette of Isis and Horus, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 304–30 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian faience (55.121.5)
Statuette of Taweret, New Kingdom, early Dynasty 18, ca. 1550–1458 B.C., Egyptian; From western Thebes (cAsasif), Limestone with traces of paint (26.7.1404)
Statuette of the god Anubis as embalmer, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332–30 B.C., Egyptian, Wood with gesso and paint (38.5)
Statuette of the goddess Taweret, Ptolemaic Period, ca. 332–30 B.C., Egyptian, Glassy faience (26.7.1193)
Statuette of Wah, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 12, reign of Amenemhat I, ca. 1975 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Wah, western Thebes, Plastered and painted wood (20.3.210)
Strainer, late Dynasty XIX–Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1188–712 B.C.), From Bubastis, Gold (30.8.369)
Taweret, Late Period (ca. 712–332 B.C.), Egyptian, Faience (04.2.365)
Temple of Dendur, Roman period, ca. 15 B.C., Egyptian; Dendur, Nubia, Sandstone (68.154)
Terracotta Figure of Isis-Aphrodite, Roman period, 2nd–3rd century, Egyptian, Alluvial clay; brown, black, red, and pink paint on white englobe (1991.76)
Torso of a Ptolemaic King, Ptolemaic Period, 80–30 B.C., Egyptian, Dark basalt (1981.224.1)
Torso of a striding statue of a general, 4th century B.C., Egyptian, Schist (1996.91)
Two Princesses, New Kingdom, Dynasty 18, reign of Akhenaten, ca. 1349–1336 B.C., Egyptian, Limestone with remains of paint (1985.328.6)
Two Vases in the Shape of a Mother Monkey with Her Young, a) Old Kingdom, Dynasty 6, reign of Merenre I, ca. 2255–2246 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (30.8.134) (b) Old Kingdom, Dynasty 6, reign of Pepi I, ca. 2289–2255 B.C., Egyptian, Egyptian alabaster (1992.338)
Tyet sign, early Dynasty 18 (ca. 1550–1458 B.C.), Egyptian; Abydos, Cemetery D, Tomb 33, Jasper (00.4.39)
U-shaped vase, 1886 or 1889, Christopher Dresser (British), Hard-paste porcelain (1988.30)
Vase with cover, 1888–98, William De Morgan (British); Manufacturer: Sand's End Pottery (British), Lustered earthenware (23.163.2ab)
Vignette on Khonsu's inner coffin lid, New Kingdom, reign of Ramesses II, ca. 1279–1213 B.C., Egyptian; From the tomb of Sennedjem, Deir el-Medina, western Thebes, Gessoed and painted wood (86.1.2a)
Votive offering, New Kingdom, second half of Dynasty 18, ca. 1400–1295 B.C., Egyptian, Wood with remains of black pigment (2006.16)
Wedjet eye, Ptolemaic Period (ca. 304–30 B.C.), Egyptian, Gold (23.2.68)
Writing board of an apprentice scribe, Dynasty 11 or earlier (ca. 2030 B.C.), Egyptian; Provenance unknown, Whitewashed wood and ink (28.9.5)

Thematic Essays (39)