Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Calligraphy

Calligraphy

Works of Art (137)

Album leaf with a Shici invocation, 17th century, India (Deccan or Kashmir), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1986.109.2)
Amulet, 11th century; Fatimid, Egypt, Ink on paper (1978.546.32)
Bahram Gur Pins the Coupling Onagers: From the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Shah Tahmasp, ca. 1525–30, Attributed to Mir Sayyid cAli, Iran, Tabriz, Colors, ink, silver, and gold on paper (1970.301.62)
Bifolium from the "Nurse's Qur'an" (Mashaf al-Hadina), 410 A.H. / 1019–20 A.D., Tunisia, probably Qairawan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (2007.191)
Bifolium, from a Manuscript of the Decretals of Gratian, ca. 1290, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf with brown ink on parchment (1990.217)
Biographies of Lian Po and Lin Xiangru, ca. 1095, Huang Tingjian (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1989.363.4)
Bowl emulating Chinese stoneware, Abbasid period (750–1258), 9th century, Iraq, probably Basra, Earthenware, painted in blue on opaque white glaze (63.159.4)
Bowl with Arabic inscription, 10th century, Attributed to Iran or present-day Uzbekistan, Nishapur or Samarqand; found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Earthenware; white slip with incised black slip decoration under transparent glaze (40.170.25)
Bowl with Arabic inscription, late 10th–11th century, Found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Earthenware; white slip with polychrome slip decoration under transparent glaze (40.170.15)
Bowl with astronomical and royal figures, Seljuq period, late 12th–early 13th century, Central or northern Iran, Stonepaste; polychrome in glaze and overglaze painted and gilded on opaque monochrome glaze (mina'i) (57.36.4)
Bowl, 10th century, Samarqand (Uzbekistan) or Nishapur (Iran), Earthenware, red body, white engobe, underglaze-painted (65.106.2)
Brush holder, Ming dynasty, early 17th century, Zhang Xihuang (active early 17th century), China, Bamboo (1994.208)
Buddhist Sage, dated 1928, Wang Zhen (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper (1986.267.156)
Calligraphic composition in the shape of a peacock: Folio from the Bellini Album, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), ca. 1600, Turkey, Ink, watercolor, and gold on paper (67.266.7.8r)
Calligraphic dish, 'Adil Shahi period (1490–1686), ca. 1600, India, Deccan, Bijapur, Copper alloy, cast (1983.227)
Calligraphic Galleon, Ottoman period, A.H. 1180/1766–67 A.D., Calligrapher: Abdu'l Qadir Hisari, Turkey, Ink and gold on paper (2003.241)
Calligraphic roundel inscribed Ya'aziz (Oh Mighty!), late 16th–early 17th century, India, Deccan, Hyderabad, Sandstone, carved, traces of pigment (1985.240.1)
Calligraphy of "Maple Bridge Night Mooring" by Zhang Zhi, Edo period, ca. 1770, Ike Taiga, Two-panel folding screen: ink on paper (2008.66)
Calligraphy page, 1714; Safavid, Iran, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (62.152.14)
Calligraphy panel, 20th century, Sadequain (Pakistani), Colors on wood (Inst.1980.3.2)
Classic of Filial Piety, Northern Song dynasty, ca. 1085, Li Gonglin (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on silk (1996.479)
Cloudy Mountains, Mi Youren (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1973.121.1)
Coptic Manuscript, Coptic; Possibly from the Dayr al-Suriyan (Monastery of the Syrians), Wadi an-Natrun, Egypt; Written and illustrated in Egypt; Written in Coptic, with Arabic in the margins, in black and red, Paper (19.196.3)
Couplet, dated 1867, Zhao Zhiqian (Chinese), Pair of hanging scrolls; ink on paper (2000.345.1,2)
Cranes, Peach Tree, and Chinese Roses, Qing dynasty (1644–1911), After Shen Nanpin (Shen Quan) (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk (1975.268.81)
Dedicatory inscription from a mosque, Indian Sultanate period (1206–1555), dated A.H. 905 / A.D. 1500,India, Bengal, Gabbro, carved (1981.320)
The Div Akvan Throws Rustam into the Sea: Folio 158v of the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Firdausi, Safavid period (1501–1722), 1660s, Signed by Mu'in Musavvir (active ca. 1630–97), Iran, probably Isfahan, Ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper (1974.290.43)
Double page from a Divan (Anthology) of Sultan Husain Baiqara, 1500; Timurid, Calligraphy by Sultan cAli Mashhadi, Afghanistan (Herat), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1982.120.1)
Dragon and Clouds, ca. 1600, Attributed to Sadiqi Beg, Ink and watercolor on paper (2010.309)
Eight Views of Mount Huang, Qing dynasty (1644–1911), 1681, Zheng Min (Chinese, 1633–1683), Album of nine double leaves of painting and calligraphy; ink on paper (2012.167a–l)
Epitaph tablets, Joseon dynasty, dated 1736, Korea, Set of thirty-four, Porcelain with underglaze cobalt-blue (1998.486.1-.34)
Finches and Bamboo, Northern Song dynasty, Emperor Huizong (Chinese), Handscroll; ink and color on silk (1981.278)
Fisherman, Yuan dynasty, ca. 1350, Wu Zhen (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1989.363.33)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript in mayil ("leaning") script, late 8th–early 9th century, Central Islamic Lands, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (1979.201)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, 13th–14th century, Spain, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (42.63)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, 9th century, Central Islamic Lands, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment (62.152.2)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, ca. 1180, Eastern Iran or present-day Afghanistan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (29.160.23)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, probably 9th century, Central Islamic Lands, Ink on parchment (40.164.1a)
Folio from the "Blue Qur'an,", second half of 9th–mid-10th century,Tunisia, probably Qairawan, Gold and silver on indigo-dyed parchment (2004.88)
Folio from the Kevorkian Album, ca. 1540, Bukhara, Uzbekistan, Calligraphy signed by Mir cAli Haravi, Ink, gold, and colors on paper (55.121.10.7v)
Folio from the "Tashkent Qur'an", late 8th–early 9th century, Syria, Yemen, or North Africa, Ink on parchment (2004.87)
Folios from a Qur'an manuscript, 383 A.H. / 993 A.D., Iran, Isfahan, Ink and gold on paper (40.164.5a, b)
Footed bowl with eagle emblem, Mamluk period (1250–1517), mid-13th century, probably Syria, glass, colorless with yellow tinge; dip-molded, blown, applied dip-molded blown foot, stained, enameled, gilded (91.1.1538)
Four Anecdotes from the Life of Wang Xizhi, ca. 1310, Zhao Mengfu (Chinese), Handscroll, ink on paper (1989.363.30)
Fragment from a Qur’an manuscript, ca. 1400; Timurid, Calligraphy attributed to cUmar Aqtac, Central Asia (probably Samarqand), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1972.279)
Fragmentary cenotaph cover with Qur'anic calligraphy, 17th–18th century, Turkey, Silk; lampas; (32.100.460)
Garden of the Unsuccessful Politician, Ming dynasty, dated 1551, Wen Zhengming (Chinese), Album of eight paintings with facing pages of calligraphy; ink on paper (1979.458.1)
Grazing Horse, dated 1932, Xu Beihong (Chinese); Qi Baishi (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink on paper, Inscribed by the artist and by Qi Baishi (1986.267.192)
The Great Abu Sa'ud Teaching Law: Folio from the Divan of Mahmud 'Abd al-Baqi, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), mid-16th century, Turkey, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (25.83.9)
Groom and Horse, dated 1296, Zhao Mengfu (Chinese), Handscroll, ink and color on paper (1988.135)
Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami, Illustrated detached folios, ca. 1430; Timurid, Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganj), Author; Maulana Azhar, Calligrapher, Iranian; Made in Afghanistan, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.13)
Hizb (Litany) of An-Nawawi, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), dated A.H. 1152 / A.D. 1739, Turkey, Istanbul, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (1975.192.1)
Illustrated Biography of Hōnen (Shūikotokūden-e), Kamakura period (1185–1333), ca. 1310–20, Japan, Section of a handscroll remounted as a hanging scroll (1980.221)
Illustrated Legends of the Kitano Shrine (Kitano Tenjin Engi), Kamakura period, 13th century, Unidentified artist, Japan, Handscroll; ink and color on paper (25.224a–e)
Illustrated manuscript of the Lotus Sutra, Goryeo dynasty, ca. 1340, Unidentified artist (late 14th century), Korea, Folding book, gold and silver on indigo-dyed mulberry paper; 106 pages (1994.207)
Illustrated sutra of The Miracles of Kannon, Kamakura period, dated 1257, Unidentified artist, Japan, Handscroll; ink, color, and gold on paper (53.7.3)
Incense boxes (kogo) with a wrapping cloth (fukusa), Edo period, 1808, Japan, Woodblock print; ink and color on paper (JP2113)
Incense game utensils, Edo period, Ryuryukio Shinsai (Japanese), Woodblock print; ink and color on paper (JP2065)
Incipit Page to the Gospel of John, 1300–1310, From a gospel book attributed to the illuminator Sargis; scribe unknown, Armenian; Probably from Siwnik’, Noravank’, Vellum, pigments, and gold (38.171.2)
Initial V from a Bible, ca. 1175–1195, French; From the Abbey of Pontigny, Tempera on parchment (1999.364.2)
Ink tablet with peach tree, Ming dynasty, dated 1576, China, Black ink (30.76.197)
Inkstone and box, Qing dynasty, early 18th century, inscribed with dates corresponding to 1370 and 1702, China, Green schist and wood (1981.120.1a-c)
Jalayirid Qur'anic compilation page, ca. 1370, Attributed to Abu Muhammad cAbd al-Qayyum ibn Muhammad ibn Karamshah al-Tabrizi, Iraq (Baghdad), Ink, gold, and gouache on paper (2008.31)
Jar, Mamluk period (1250–1517), 14th century, Syria, Stonepaste, polychrome painted under transparent glaze (91.1.130)
Kitab suwar al-kawakib al-thabita (Book of the Images of the Fixed Stars) of al-Sufi, Timurid period, probably 15th century, Iran, Main support: ink and gold on paper; binding: leather (13.160.10)
Lady of the Xiang River, dated 1947, Fu Baoshi (Chinese), Album leaf; ink and color on paper, Signed: "Baoshi" (1986.267.277)
Lady Su Hui and Her Verse Puzzle, Ming dynasty, 16th century, China, Handscroll; ink and color on silk (33.167)
Laila and Majnun at School: Page from the Khamsa of Nizami (Quintet of Nizami), A.H. 835 /1431–32 A.D., Artist: possibly Mir Khalil; calligrapher: Ja'far, Herat, present-day Afghanistan, Ink, opaque watercolors, and gold on paper (1994.232.4)
Landscape in the Style of Huang Gongwang, dated 1666, Wang Shimin (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1980.426.2)
Landscapes, dated 1630, Dong Qichang (Chinese), Album of eight paintings; ink on paper (1986.266.5)
Leaf from a manuscript, 19th century; Qajar, Iran, Ink, watercolors, gold, and silver on paper (1997.293)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1290, Northeast French; Beauvais (?), Tempera and gold leaf, on parchment (1992.238)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, 1307–1308; Ilkhanid, Ahmad ibn al-Suhrawardi al-Bakri, Calligrapher, Muhammed ibn Aybak, Illuminator, Baghdad, Iraq, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (55.44)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, late 9th–10th century, Possibly Syria, Ink, gold, and colors on vellum (30.45)
Leaf from a Qur’an, ca. 1250–1350, North Africa, Ink, colors, and gold on vellum (37.21)
Leaf from an Arabic translation of the Materia Medica of Dioscorides ("The Pharmacy"), dated 1224, Iraq, Baghdad School, Colors and gilt on paper (57.51.21)
Leaf of calligraphy: Leaf from the Shah Jahan Album, Mughal; calligraphy, ca. 1500; margin, early 17th century, Sultan cAli Mashhadi (calligraphy), Possibly Daulat (illumination), Iran (calligraphy), India (margin), Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (55.121.10.32)
Leaf of calligraphy: Leaf from the Shah Jahan Album, Mughal; calligraphy, ca. 1535–45; margin, 17th century, Mir 'Ali of Herat (calligraphy), Iran (calligraphy), India (illumination), Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (55.121.10.4)
Leaf of divani calligraphy, dated 1075 A.H./1644 A.D.; Ottoman, Signed by Khwaja, Turkey, Ink on paper (1986.216.1)
Living Aloft: Master Liu's Retreat, dated 1543, Wen Zhengming (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper (L.2001.85.2)
Marbled page: Page from a manuscript of the Mantiq al-tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din cAttar, ca. 1600; Safavid, Iran (Isfahan), Opaque watercolor and ink on paper (63.210.44v)
Marriage contract, 1874, Signed: Abu’l Qasim Farhang, Iran, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1979.518.5a-q)
Mashq calligraphy page, 19th century, Iran, Ink on parchment (62.152.12)
Mechti Kuli Beg, Persian Ambassador to Prague, 1605, Aegidius Sadeler (Dutch), Netherlandish, Engraving (49.95.2202)
The Mi'raj, or, The Night Flight of Muhammad on his Steed Buraq: Folio from a Bustan of Sa'di, Safavid period (1501–1722), ca. 1525–35, Calligrapher: Sultan Muhammad Nur (ca. 1472–ca. 1536), Present-day Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, probably Bukhara and Herat, Ink, gold, and colors on paper (1974.294.2)
Mirror, 12th century, Iran, Cast bronze (42.136)
Mosque lamp for the Mausoleum of Amir Aydakin al 'Ala'I al-Bunduqdar, Mamluk period (1250–1517), shortly after 1285, Egypt, probably Cairo, Glass, brownish, blown, folded foot, applied handles, enameled and gilded (17.190.985)
Mosque-lamp-shaped vessel with Arabic inscriptions, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), 1525–40, Turkey, Iznik, Stonepaste, painted in blue under transparent glaze (59.69.3)
Mu'is al ahrar fi daqa'iq al ashcar (The Free Man's Companion to the Subtleties of Poems) of Jajarmi, Ilkhanid period, A.H. 741/A.D. 1340–41, Iran, Isfahan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (19.68.1)
Muhammad's Call to Prophecy and the First Revelation; Leaf from a copy of the Majmac al-tawarikh (Compendium of Histories), ca. 1425; Timurid, Herat, Afghanistan, Colors, silver, and gilt on brownish paper (57.51.37.3)
Narcissus, Southern Song dynasty (1127–1279), Zhao Mengjian (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1973.120.4)
Opening folio of Volume 26 of the "Anonymous Baghdad Qur'an", Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), A.H. 706 / A.D. 1306–7, Iraq, Baghdad, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (50.12)
Orchids and Rocks, Muromachi period (1392–1573), Gyokuen Bompo (Japanese), Japan, Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1975.268.38)
Page from a Poetic Anthology of Works by Nizami and Others, dated 1411; Timurid, Calligraphy by Mahmud al-Husaini, Iran (Shiraz), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.19)
Page from an Album of Calligraphies of Prophetic Traditions (Hadith), ca. 1500; Ottoman, Signed by Hamdullah ibn Mustafa Dede, Turkey (Istanbul), Ink, colors, and gold on paper; marbled paper, leather binding (1982.120.3)
Page of calligraphy in ornamental style, 1868–69, Malik Muhammad Qazvini, Iran, Black ink on buff paper (1998.268)
Page of calligraphy, Qajar period (1779–1925), early–mid-19th century, Signed by Muhammad Shafi', known as Vesal-e Shirazi, Iran, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (1979.518.6)
Panel of four calligraphic tiles, 14th–early 15th century; Marinid, Morocco, Glazed composite body (1999.146)
Panel, probably 13th century, Egypt or Syria, Carved wood with traces of pigments and gilt (30.112.3)
Planting Chrysanthemums, Ming dynasty Lu Zhi (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and pale color on paper (1986.266.3)
Plum Branch, Joseon dynasty, 1888, Yi Yuwon (Korean), Hanging scroll, ink on paper (1990.230)
Poem of Farewell to Liu Man, Song dynasty, 12th century, Yelü Chucai (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1989.363.17)
Poem on the Theme of Snow, Nanobokuchō period (1336–92), Musō Soseki (Japanese), Hanging scroll, ink on paper (2011.534)
Poem page mounted as a hanging scroll, Momoyama period, dated 1606, Painting by Tawaraya Sotatsu (Japanese); Calligraphy by Hon'ami Koetsu (Japanese), Ink on paper decorated with gold and silver (1975.268.59)
Poem Written in a Boat on the Wu River, Northern Song Dynasty (960–1127), ca. 1096, Mi Fu (Chinese), Handscroll; ink on paper (1984.174)
Portrait of Shun'oku Myôha, Nanbokuchô period, ca. 1383, Japan, Hanging scroll: ink, color, and gold on silk (2007.329)
Prayer manuscript, 19th century, Nigeria, Blackish brown ink, and red, yellow, and blue color on paper (1997.301a,b)
The Qianlong Emperor's Southern Inspection Tour, Scroll Six: Suzhou, Qing dynasty, dated 1770, Xu Yang (Chinese), China, Handscroll; ink and color on silk (1988.350)
Quatrain on Spring's Radiance, Southern Song dynasty, Yang Meizi (Chinese; empress to Ningzong), Fan mounted as an album leaf; ink on silk (1989.363.12)
Quatrefoil Plaque with Angels, second quarter of 13th century, French (Limoges), Champlevé enamel, copper (17.190.811)
Qur'an manuscript, late 9th–early 10th century, Syria or Iraq, Main support: ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment; binding: leather, tooled (37.142)
Qur'an manuscript, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), dated A.H. 1268 / A.D. 1851–52, Turkey, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper; leather binding (1980.603)
Qur’an of Ibrahim Sultan, dated 1427; Timurid, Iran (Shiraz), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.1)
Returning Home, Qing dynasty, ca. 1695, Shitao (Zhu Ruoji) (Chinese), Album of twelve paintings; ink and color on paper (1976.280a)

Riverbank, Attributed to Dong Yuan (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and slight color on silk (L.1997.24.1)
Rosette (shamsa) bearing the name and titles of Emperor Shah Jahan (r. 1628–58), Mughal, 17th century, Attributed to India, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (55.121.10.39)
Segment of a Daihokobutsu Kegongyo (Avatamsaka Sutra), Nara period, ca. 744, Unidentified artist, Japan, Silver ink on indigo paper (1981.75)
Splashed-color Landscape, dated 1965, Zhang Daqian (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper (1986.267.361)
Spring Offerings, dated 1919, Wu Changshi (Wu Changshuo) (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on paper, Signed: "Anji Wu Changshi in his seventy-sixth year" (1988.324.2)
Stately Pines on Mount Hua, ca. 1972, Shi Lu (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1986.267.351)
Su Dongpo in Straw Hat and Wooden Shoes, Muromachi period, second half of 15th century, Artist Unknown, Japan, Hanging scroll; ink on paper (1975.268.39)
The Tale of Genji and Genji cards, Edo period, Reisai (Japanese), Woodblock print; ink and color on paper (JP2187)
Tapestry panel with the character for longevity (shou), Qing dynasty, 18th century, China, Silk and metallic thread tapestry (kesi) (1984.353)
Textile fragment, 14th century; Nasrid, Spain, Silk, lampas weave (29.22)
Textile fragment, Nasrid period (1232–1492), 14th–15th century, Spain or North Africa, Silk, lampas (46.156.16)
Tile panel, dated 1591–2; Ottoman, Syria, Composite body with underglaze paint (58.90.1a–g)
Tughra (Imperial Cipher) of Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent (r. 1520–1566), ca. 1555; Ottoman, Turkey (Istanbul), Ink, opaque watercolors, and gold on paper (38.149.1)
Twin Pines, Level Distance, Yuan dynasty, ca. 1300, Zhao Mengfu (Chinese), Handscroll: ink on paper (1973.120.5)
Two Eagles, dated 1702, Bada Shanren (Zhu Da) (Chinese), Hanging scroll, ink on paper (L.1997.30)
Volume from a thirty-part Qur’an, 18th century, North Africa, probably Tunisia, Colors and gold on paper, leather binding (1982.120.2)
Wang Xizhi Watching Geese, Yuan dynasty, ca. 1295, Qian Xuan (Chinese), Handscroll; ink, color, and gold on paper (1973.120.6)
Wangchuan Villa, Qing dynasty, dated 1711, Wang Yuanqi (Chinese), Handscroll; ink and color on paper (1977.80)
Wind among the Trees on the Riverbank, dated 1363, Ni Zan (Chinese), Hanging scroll, ink on paper (1989.363.39)
Writing Box with Portrait of Fujiwara no Ietaka and a Poem about the Tatsuta River, Edo period (1615–1868), 18th century, Japan, Lacquered wood with gold and silver hiramaki-e, togidashimaki-e, and red lacquer on silver ground (29.100.688)
Writing Box with Warbler in Plum Tree
Edo period (1615–1868), 18th century, Japan, Lacquered wood with gold and silver takamaki-e, hiramaki-e, togidashimaki-e on nashiji ground (29.100.695a–e)
Writing Box with Waterfall and Characters, Edo period (1615–1868), late 18th century, Japan, Lacquered wood with gold and silver takamaki-e, hiramaki-e, togidashimaki-e, and gold inlay on nashiji ground (81.1.173)
The Writing Master, 1882, Thomas Eakins (American), Oil on canvas (17.173)