Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Calligraphy from West Asia

Calligraphy, West Asia

Works of Art (43)

Bifolium from the Mashaf al-Hadina, 410 A.H. / 1019–20 A.D., Probably Qayrawan, Tunisia, Ink, pigment, and gold on parchment (2007.191)
Bowl emulating Chinese stoneware, Abbasid period (750–1258), 9th century, Iraq, probably Basra, Earthenware, painted in blue on opaque white glaze (63.159.4)
Bowl with Arabic inscription, 10th century, Attributed to Iran or present-day Uzbekistan, Nishapur or Samarqand; found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Earthenware; white slip with incised black slip decoration under transparent glaze (40.170.25)
Bowl with Arabic inscription, late 10th–11th century, Found at Iran, Nishapur, Tepe Madrasa, Earthenware; white slip with polychrome slip decoration under transparent glaze (40.170.15)
Bowl with astronomical and royal figures, Seljuq period, late 12th–early 13th century, Central or northern Iran, Stonepaste; polychrome in glaze and overglaze painted and gilded on opaque monochrome glaze (mina'i) (57.36.4)
Bowl, 10th century, Samarqand (Uzbekistan) or Nishapur (Iran), Earthenware, red body, white engobe, underglaze-painted (65.106.2)
Calligraphic composition in the shape of a peacock: Folio from the Bellini Album, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), ca. 1600, Turkey, Ink, watercolor, and gold on paper (67.266.7.8r)
Calligraphic Galleon, Ottoman period, A.H. 1180/1766–67 A.D., Calligrapher: Abdu'l Qadir Hisari, Turkey, Ink and gold on paper (2003.241)
Calligraphy page, 1714; Safavid, Iran, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (62.152.14)
The Div Akvan Throws Rustam into the Sea: Folio 158v of the Shahnama (Book of Kings) of Firdausi, Safavid period (1501–1722), 1660s, Signed by Mu'in Musavvir (active ca. 1630–97), Iran, probably Isfahan, Ink, opaque watercolor, gold, and silver on paper (1974.290.43)
Folio from a Qur'an manuscript, Seljuq period (1040–1196), ca. 1180, Eastern Iran or present-day Afghanistan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (29.160.23)
Footed bowl with eagle emblem, Mamluk period (1250–1517), mid-13th century, probably Syria, glass, colorless with yellow tinge; dip-molded, blown, applied dip-molded blown foot, stained, enameled, gilded (91.1.1538)
Fragmentary cenotaph cover with Qur'anic calligraphy, 17th–18th century, Turkey, Silk; lampas; (32.100.460)
The Great Abu Sa'ud Teaching Law: Folio from the Divan of Mahmud 'Abd al-Baqi, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), mid-16th century, Turkey, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (25.83.9)
Haft Paikar (Seven Portraits) of the Khamsa (Quintet) of Nizami, Illustrated detached folios, ca. 1430; Timurid, Nizami (Ilyas Abu Muhammad Nizam al-Din of Ganj), Author; Maulana Azhar, Calligrapher, Iranian; Made in Afghanistan, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.13)
Hizb (Litany) of An-Nawawi, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), dated A.H. 1152 / A.D. 1739, Turkey, Istanbul, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (1975.192.1)
Incipit Page to the Gospel of John, 1300–1310, From a gospel book attributed to the illuminator Sargis; scribe unknown, Armenian; Probably from Siwnik’, Noravank’, Vellum, pigments, and gold (38.171.2)
Jalayirid Qur'anic compilation page, ca. 1370, Attributed to Abu Muhammad cAbd al-Qayyum ibn Muhammad ibn Karamshah al-Tabrizi, Iraq (Baghdad), Ink, gold, and gouache on paper (2008.31)
Jar, Mamluk period (1250–1517), 14th century, Syria, Stonepaste, polychrome painted under transparent glaze (91.1.130)
Kitab suwar al-kawakib al-thabita (Book of the Images of the Fixed Stars) of al-Sufi, Timurid period, probably 15th century, Iran, Main support: ink and gold on paper; binding: leather (13.160.10)
Leaf from a manuscript, 19th century; Qajar, Iran, Ink, watercolors, gold, and silver on paper (1997.293)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, 1307–1308; Ilkhanid, Ahmad ibn al-Suhrawardi al-Bakri, Calligrapher, Muhammed ibn Aybak, Illuminator, Baghdad, Iraq, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (55.44)
Leaf from a Qur’an manuscript, late 9th–10th century, Possibly Syria, Ink, gold, and colors on vellum (30.45)
Leaf from an Arabic translation of the Materia Medica of Dioscorides ("The Pharmacy"), dated 1224, Iraq, Baghdad School, Colors and gilt on paper (57.51.21)
Leaf of calligraphy: Leaf from the Shah Jahan Album, Mughal; calligraphy, ca. 1535–45; margin, 17th century, Mir 'Ali of Herat (calligraphy), Iran (calligraphy), India (illumination), Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (55.121.10.4)
Leaf of divani calligraphy, dated 1075 A.H./1644 A.D.; Ottoman, Signed by Khwaja, Turkey, Ink on paper (1986.216.1)
Marbled page: Page from a manuscript of the Mantiq al-tayr (The Language of the Birds) of Farid al-Din cAttar, ca. 1600; Safavid, Iran (Isfahan), Opaque watercolor and ink on paper (63.210.44v)
Marriage contract, 1874, Signed: Abu’l Qasim Farhang, Iran, Ink, colors, and gold on paper (1979.518.5a-q)
Mashq calligraphy page, 19th century, Iran, Ink on parchment (62.152.12)
Mechti Kuli Beg, Persian Ambassador to Prague, 1605, Aegidius Sadeler (Dutch), Netherlandish, Engraving (49.95.2202)
Mirror, 12th century, Iran, Cast bronze (42.136)
Mosque-lamp-shaped vessel with Arabic inscriptions, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), 1525–40, Turkey, Iznik, Stonepaste, painted in blue under transparent glaze (59.69.3)
Mu'is al ahrar fi daqa'iq al ashcar (The Free Man's Companion to the Subtleties of Poems) of Jajarmi, Ilkhanid period, A.H. 741/A.D. 1340–41, Iran, Isfahan, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (19.68.1)
Opening folio of Volume 26 of the "Anonymous Baghdad Qur'an", Ilkhanid period (1206–1353), A.H. 706 / A.D. 1306–7, Iraq, Baghdad, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (50.12)
Page from a Poetic Anthology of Works by Nizami and Others, dated 1411; Timurid, Calligraphy by Mahmud al-Husaini, Iran (Shiraz), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.19)
Page from an Album of Calligraphies of Prophetic Traditions (Hadith), ca. 1500; Ottoman, Signed by Hamdullah ibn Mustafa Dede, Turkey (Istanbul), Ink, colors, and gold on paper; marbled paper, leather binding (1982.120.3)
Page of calligraphy in ornamental style, 1868–69, Malik Muhammad Qazvini, Iran, Black ink on buff paper (1998.268)
Page of calligraphy, Qajar period (1779–1925), early–mid-19th century, Signed by Muhammad Shafi', known as Vesal-e Shirazi, Iran, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper (1979.518.6)
Panel, probably 13th century, Egypt or Syria, Carved wood with traces of pigments and gilt (30.112.3)
Qur'an manuscript, Ottoman period (ca. 1299–1923), dated A.H. 1268 / A.D. 1851–52, Turkey, Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on paper; leather binding (1980.603)
Qur’an of Ibrahim Sultan, dated 1427; Timurid, Iran (Shiraz), Ink, colors, and gold on paper (13.228.1)
Tile panel, dated 1591–2; Ottoman, Syria, Composite body with underglaze paint (58.90.1a–g)
Tiraz fragment from an ikat shawl, Ziyadid period (818–1018), late 9th–early 10th century, Yemen, Cotton, ink, and gold, plain weave, resist dyed (ikat), painted, inscription: black ink and gold leaf, painted (29.179.9)