Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Subject (A–Z)

Index Classification: Subject Matter/Theme

Allegorical Figure

Figure, Allegorical

Works of Art (149)

Aglauros's Vision of the Bridal Chamber of Herse, from the Story of Mercury and Herse, designed ca. 1540, woven ca. 1570, Workshop of Willem de Pannemaker (Flemish), Made/manufactured: Brussels, Southern Netherlands, Wool, silk, silver (41.190.135)
Air: Louis XIV as Jupiter, from a set of eight wall hangings depicting the Elements and the Seasons, ca. 1683, French, Silk, wool, and metal thread (46.43.4)
Allegorical Design (recto), Stage Design (verso), 1496, Leonardo da Vinci (Italian), Pen and brown ink (17.142.2)
"Allegorical Figures," ca. 1893, Designed by Léon-Victor Solon (French); Manufacturer: Thomas Wardle & Co., English, Printed silk (2000.48)
Allegories of the Elements, ca. 1750, Attributed to Jean-Pierre Defrance (French), Marble (64.93.1-4)
Allegory of Music, 1649, Laurent de La Hyre (French), Oil on canvas (50.189)
Allegory of the Catholic Faith, ca. 1670–72,Johannes Vermeer (Dutch), Oil on canvas (32.100.18)
Allegory of the Planets and Continents, sketch, 1752, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (1977.1.3)
Allegory of the Redemption of the World, 1528–88, Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) (Italian), Pen and black ink, brush and gray wash, highlighted with white gouache, on gray washed paper (61.203)
The American Star, ca. 1803, Frederick Kemmelmeyer (German), Oil and gold leaf on paper (62.256.7)
Amor Caritas, 1880–98; this cast, 1918, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Bronze, gilt (19.124)
Ancestor Figure (Ekpu), 18th–19th century, Nigeria, Calabar Province; Ibibio peoples, Oron group, Wood (2007.173)
Angeli Laudantes, 1898, Edward Burne-Jones (designer) (English); John Henry Dearle (designer) (British); Merton Abbey Tapestry Works (English), Merton, Surrey, England, Wool and silk weft on cotton warp (2008.8)
Apollo, Pan, and a Putto Blowing a Horn, 1560s, Giorgio Ghisi (Italian, Mantuan), after Francesco Primaticcio (Italian, Bolognese), Engraving (49.95.161)
Apotheosis of George Washington, 19th century, H. Weishaupt (American) after Samuel Moore (American); printed by J. M. Hermann, Lithograph, hand colored (52.585.66)
Architecture, 1898, Daniel Chester French (American), Bronze (2013.135.1)
Autumn, ca. 1594, Hendrick Goltzius (Netherlandish), Pen and brown ink, red-brown wash, over black chalk, heightened with white (61.25.2)
Avaritia (Greed), 1558, Pieter van der Heyden after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Engraving; only state (26.72.31)
Battle about Money, after 1570, Pieter van der Heyden after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Engraving; second state of four (26.72.40)
Beginning, 1949, Max Beckmann (German), Oil on canvas (67.187.53a-c)
The Billiard Room, Nicolas Antoine Taunay (French), Oil on wood (1982.60.49)
Bird (Sejen), 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Senufo, Wood (1978.412.382)
Bird Warrior Bottle, 4th–7th century, Peru, Moche, Ceramic (67.167.1)
Blind Homer Led by the Genius of Poetry, 1851, Edward Sheffield Bartholomew (American), Marble (1996.74)
Body Mask (Det), mid-20th century, Asmat people, Ambisu village, New Guinea, Papua (Irian Jaya) Province, Indonesia, Wood, fiber, leaves, paint (1978.412.1282a)
Bottle, Skeletal Couple with Child, 3rd–7th century, Peru, Moche, Ceramic (1978.412.196)
Bowl (upper part of a tazza), ca. 1540–50, South German (Nuremberg?), Boxwood and fruitwood (17.190.643)
Bowl with a putto holding a pinwheel, ca. 1530, Workshop of Maestro Giorgio Andreoli (Italian, Gubbio), Tin-glazed earthenware (maiolica) (1975.1.1107)
Cabinet with personifications of the Five Senses, third quarter of 17th century, English, Satin worked with silk and metal thread, purl, chenille, seed pearls, coral beads, and mica; tent knots, rococo, satin, couching, and detached buttonhole stitches, knots; woven metal thread trim; silk and paper lining (29.23.1)
California, 1850–55; this carving, 1858, Hiram Powers (American), Marble (72.3)
Caryatid, 1912; this cast, 1913, Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney (American), Bronze (22.81)

Catskill Aqueduct Medal, 1917, Daniel Chester French (American, 1850–1931); Augustus Lukeman (American, 1871–1935), Bronze (17.155.1)

Charity, Guido Reni (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (1974.348)
Charity, mid-16th century, Franco-Flemish, Alabaster (65.110)
Childbirth tray (desco da parto) with the Triumph of Fame (recto) and Medici and Tornabuoni arms and devices (verso), 1448–49, Giovanni di Ser Giovanni Guidi, called Lo Scheggia (Italian, Florentine), Tempera, silver, and gold on panel (1995.7)
Commesso, 1550–55, Reverse after design of Étienne Delaune (French), probably a 19th-century addition, Gold, enamel, jewels, and chalcedony (17.190.907)
Cranes, Peach Tree, and Chinese Roses, Qing dynasty (1644–1911), After Shen Nanpin (Shen Quan) (Chinese), Hanging scroll; ink and color on silk (1975.268.81)
Death as an Archer on a Horse, mid-17th century (?), German, Lindenwood with traces of pigment, spruce base (17.190.729)
Descending Night, ca. 1914; this cast, by 1917, Adolph Alexander Weinman (American), Bronze (1994.501)
Desidia (Sloth), 1558, Pieter van der Heyden after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Engraving; only state (26.72.34)
Dirty Bride, or, The Wedding of Mopsus and Nisa, ca. 1566, Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Pen and black-brown ink on white-prepared partially carved block of applewood (32.63)
Eternal Spring, also known as Eternal Springtime, probably modeled 1881, this marble executed 1906–7, Auguste Rodin (French), Marble (17.120.184)
Feathered Tunic, 12th–15th century, Peru, Chimú, Cotton, feathers (63.163)
Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Copper alloy (1979.206.41)
First Fruits of the Earth Offered to Saturn, Giorgio Vasari (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brown wash, over traces of red chalk (1971.273)
Fisher Boy, 1841–44; this carving, 1857, Hiram Powers (American), Marble (94.9.1)
Flora, probably early 1650s, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Oil on canvas (26.101.10)
A Forest at Dawn with a Deer Hunt, ca. 1635, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on wood (1990.196)
The Fortune Teller, probably 1630s, Georges de La Tour (French), Oil on canvas (60.30)
The Fountain, No. 1: The Wounded Indian Slaking His Death Thirst, 1843, Thomas Cole (American), Graphite and white gouache on green wove paper (1977.182.7)
Fragment of a Floor Mosaic with a Personification of Ktisis, 500–550, Byzantine, Marble and glass (1998.69, 1999.99)
The Genius of Castiglione, ca. 1645–47, Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (Il Grechetto) (Italian); published in 1648 by Giovanni Giacomo de' Rossi (Italian); dedicated to Matthys van de Merwede, lord of Clootwyck (Dutch), Italian Etching (17.50.17-36)
The Glorification of the Barbaro Family, ceiling decoration, ca. 1750, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (23.128)
"Gondola" cup with figure personifying a spring, ca. 1620–25; model, ca. 1600–1610, Probably by Guillaume Dupré (French), Lead-glazed earthenware (53.225.54)
Groom and Horse, dated 1296, Zhao Mengfu (Chinese), Handscroll, ink and color on paper (1988.135)
Head of Victory, 1897–1903; this cast, 1907, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Bronze (07.90)
Henry II Between France and Fame, ca. 1548, Jean Duvet (French), Etching (25.2.93)
Hercules Chasing Avarice from the Temple of the Muses, ca. 1518 (?), Ugo da Carpi (Italian); Designed by Baldassare Tommaso Peruzzi (Italian), Chiaroscuro woodcut from two blocks (20.24.76)
Hesperides, sive, De Malorum Aureorum cultura et usu Libri Quatuor (opposite page 342), 1646, Written by Giovanni Battista Ferrari (Italian), Published by Sumptibus Hermanni Scheus, Designed by Guido Reni (Italian), Printed by Johann Friedrich Greuter (German, active Rome), Etching and engraving (67.828)
The Horses of Anahita or The Flight of Night, ca. 1848–50; this cast, by 1880, William Morris Hunt (American), Plaster, tinted (80.12)
Indian Girl, or The Dawn of Christianity, 1853–56; this carving, 1855–56, Erastus Dow Palmer (American), Marble (94.9.2)
Inscribed statue base, mid-Imperial, Antonine, ca. 160–170 A.D., Roman, Marble (26.60.70a,b)
Intaglio with Bonus Eventus (Success), 1st center B.C.–3rd century A.D., Roman, Plasma (81.6.100)
Jewel cabinet incorporating a watch, possibly before 1766, Signed by James Cox (English), Agate, mounted in gilded copper and gilded brass and set with painted enamel plaques, and fruitwood (64.101.829)
The Jewish Angel, 1916, Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, born Greece), Oil on canvas (1999.363.15)
Justice, ca. 1427–28, Fra Angelico (Italian), Pen and brown ink, with brush and brown wash on paper (1975.1.264)
Knight, Death, and the Devil, 1513–14, Albrecht Dürer (German), Engraving (43.106.2)
La Frileuse / Winter, 18th century (1787), Jean Antoine Houdon (French), French (Paris), Bronze (62.55)
La Table aux Amours (The Demidoff Table), 1845, Lorenzo Bartolini (Italian), Marble (03.11a–d)
Lachrymae (Mary Lloyd), ca. 1894–95, Frederic, Lord Leighton (English), Oil on canvas (96.28)
Lady of the Xiang River, dated 1947, Fu Baoshi (Chinese), Album leaf; ink and color on paper, Signed: "Baoshi" (1986.267.277)
Lament of the Art of Painting, ca. 1572–78, Cornelis Cort (Flemish), after Federico Zuccaro (Italian), Engraving from two plates (1988.1086)
Land of Cockaigne, after 1570(?), Attributed to Pieter van der Heyden after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Engraving; first state of two (26.72.44)
Leather Panel (Allegory of Music), ca. 1570–90, Northern France, Blind-stamped, embossed, molded, and incised leather on later wooden mount (2006.71)
Liberty, 1800, China; made for the American market, Verre églomisé (46.67.85)
Louis XIV as Apollo, 1672, Michel Molart (French), Bronze (25.142.61)
Lucretia, 1508–12, Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Marchigian), Pen and brown ink over black chalk, partially incised with a stylus (recto), rubbed with black chalk for transfer (verso) (1997.153)
Male and Female Poro Altar Figures (Ndebele), 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Senufo, Wood, pigment (1979.206.193, 4)
Male Poro Figure (Pombia), 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire; Senufo, Tyebara, Wood (1978.412.315)
Man Protected by the Shield of Faith, 1559, Maarten van Heemskerck (Netherlandish), Pen and brown ink, over traces of black chalk, on paper (2000.150)
Mangaaka Power Figure (Nkisi N'Kondi), second half of 19th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Chiloango River Region; Kongo, Wood, metal, resin, enamel (2008.30)
Marcantonio Pasqualini (1614–1691) Crowned by Apollo, 1641, Andrea Sacchi (Italian, Roman), Oil on canvas (1981.317)
Maternity, 1784, Benjamin West (American), Red chalk on thin off-white laid paper, mounted on off-white laid paper (2002.1)
Melencolia I, 1514, Albrecht Dürer (German), Engraving (43.106.1)
Memory, 1886–87, revised 1909; this carving, 1917–19, Daniel Chester French (American), Marble (19.47)
Midas Washing at the Source of the Pactolus, 1624, Nicolas Poussin (French), Oil on canvas (71.56)
Mirror, third quarter of 17th century, English, Satin worked with silk, chenille, purl, shells, wood, beads, mica, bird feathers, coral; detached buttonhole variations, long-and-short, satin, couching stitches, and knots (64.101.1332)
The Mountain Nymph, Sweet Liberty, 1866, Julia Margaret Cameron (British), Albumen silver print from glass negative (41.21.15)
The Music Lesson, 1870, John George Brown (American, born England), Oil on canvas (21.115.3)
A Musical Party, 1659, Gabriël Metsu (Dutch), Oil on canvas (91.26.11)
The Musician, 1662, Bartholomeus van der Helst (Dutch), Oil on canvas (73.2)
The Musicians, ca. 1595, Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi) (Italian, Lombard), Oil on canvas (52.81)
The Night-Hag Visiting Lapland Witches, 1796, Henry Fuseli (Swiss), Oil on canvas (1980.411)
Ornament Print with Schweifwerk and Two (Allegorical?) Figures, ca. 1615–20, Esaias von Hulsen (Dutch), Blackwork and engraving (2012.55)
Owl Stirrup Spout Bottle, 2nd–3rd century,Peru, Moche, Ceramic (66.30.5)
Painting & Sculpture, 1899, Daniel Chester French (American), Bronze (2013.135.2)
Pair of Bowls, Trophy-Head Deities, 3rd–1st century B.C., Peru, Paracas, Ceramic, postfired paint (63.232.79, 1976.287.31)
Pair of vases, 1824 and 1825, Thomas Fletcher (American); Sidney Gardiner (American), Silver (1982.4a,b)
Pendant Figure, 2nd century B.C.–2nd century A.D., Mexico; Colima, Shell (spondylus) (1985.260)
Plaque with Personification of the Moon, 860–90, Southern France, Copper alloy, iron, and cloisonné enamel (17.190.688)
Pleasure, ca. 1754, Anton Raphael Mengs (German), Pastel on paper, laid down on canvas (2005.231)
Poet Virgil in a Basket, 1525, Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish), Engraving (41.1.23)
Poetry, ca. 1465–67, Engraving with applied gilding (59.570.32)

The Muse Euterpe, ca. 1465–67, Ferrarese school, Engraving (19.52.18)
Portrait of Rudolph II, 1603, Aegidius Sadeler (Netherlandish), after Hans von Aachen (German), Engraving (51.501.6469)
Power Object (Boli), 19th–20th century, Mali; Bamana, Wood, sacrificial materials (patina) (1979.206.175)
Ram head for attachment, Third Intermediate Period, Dynasty 21–25, ca. 1070–664 B.C., Egypt, Leaded bronze, precious metal leaf, copper alloy inlay in eye rims (45.2.9)
Relief Allegory of Virtues and Vices at the Court of Emperor Charles V, dated 1522, Monogrammed "HD" for Hans Daucher (German, Augsburg), Honestone relief, touches of gilding (17.190.745)
Rinaldo in the Enchanted Forest, ca. 1761–65, Jean Honoré Fragonard (French), Brush and brown wash over black chalk underdrawing (2009.236)
The River Nile, ca. 1785–95, Giovanni Volpato (Italian), Hard-paste biscuit porcelain (2001.456)
Royal Scepter: Male Figure, 19th–20th century, Democratic Republic of Congo or Angola, Kongo peoples, Ivory (1978.412.657)
Satire on Popery, 1555, German, Etching (53.677.5)
Shoulao, God of Longevity, Qing dynasty, Kangxi period (1662–1722), China, Porcelain painted in overglaze enamels (14.40.212)
The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters: Plate 43 of The Caprices (Los Caprichos), 1799, Francisco de Goya y Lucientes (Spanish), Etching, aquatint, drypoint, and burin (18.64)
So-called Antioch Mosaic, second half of 2nd century; Late Antonine, Roman, Mosaic (38.11.12)
Sorgheloos in Poverty, 1510–1520, Netherlandish, Colorless glass with vitreous paint and silver stain (1999.243)
The Source, 1862, Gustave Courbet (French), Oil on canvas (29.100.58)
The Spanish Girl in Reverie, 1831, Washington Allston (American), Oil on canvas (01.7.2)
Springtime, ca. 1894–99, Maurice Denis (French), Oil on canvas (1999.180.2ab)
Statue of Eirene (personification of peace), ca. 14–68 A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman copy of a Greek original by Kephisodotos, 375/374–360/359 B.C., Marble (06.311)
Statuette of a Personification of a City, 300–500, Late Roman or Byzantine, Copper alloy (47.100.40)
Studies for The Allegories of Love, 1528–88, Paolo Veronese (Paolo Caliari) (Italian), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash (1975.150)
Tabard, 15th–16th century, Peru; Ica (?), Cotton, feathers (59.135.8)
Talking It Over, 1872, Enoch Wood Perry (American), Oil on canvas (1980.361)
Tapestry Square with the Head of Spring, 4th–5th century; Early Byzantine, Egyptian, Polychrome wool, linen (90.5.848)
Tapestry with immortal holding a peach, Ming dynasty (1368–1644), China, Silk tapestry (kesi) (26.114.4)
The Three Graces, Roman copy of a Greek work of the second century B.C., Marble (2010.260)
Tomb with Death Seated, ca. 1779–84, Louis Jean Desprez (French, 1743–1804), Etching and aquatint printed in brown ink, second state of two (2012.189)
Tondo: Prudence, ca. 1475, Andrea della Robbia (Italian), Italian (Florence), Terracotta with tinted tin-enamel glazes (21.116)
Triptych, ca. 1250–75, North French; possibly Paris, Ivory, paint, gilding with metal mounts (17.190.279a–e)
The Triumph of Fame, from a set of The Triumphs of Petrarch, ca. 1502–4, Flemish (probably Brussels), Wool and silk tapestry (1998.205)
The Triumph of Love, ca. 1485–90, Francesco Rosselli (Italian, Florentine), Engraving (25.2.33)
Twin Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Brass (1978.412.496)
Twin Figurine, 19th–mid-20th century, Côte d'Ivoire or Burkina Faso; Senufo or Tussian, Brass (1978.412.497)
Two Flayed Men and Skeletons, ca. 1540–1545, Domenico del Barbiere, after Rosso Fiorentino (Italian, Florentine), Engraving (49.95.181)
Two Plaquettes with Charity and Temperance, ca. 1540, Peter Flötner (German, Nuremberg), Bronze (26.14.13, 1986.319.43)
Vanderbilt Mantelpiece, ca. 1881–83, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Marble, mosaic, oak, and cast iron (25.234)
Vanity Sounds the Horn and Ignorance Unleashes the Hounds Overconfidence, Rashness, and Desire (from The Hunt of the Frail Stag) , 1500–1525, South Netherlandish, Wool and silk (50.145.4)
Vase with immortals bearing the character for longevity (shou), Ming dynasty, Wanli period (1573–1620), China, Porcelain painted in underglaze blue (16.61)
Venezia, ca. 1865–66, Larkin Goldsmith Mead (American), Marble (1999.18)
Venus Entrusting an Infant to Time, ca. 1758, Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), after Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Etching (57.619.5)
Venus Whipping Cupid with Roses, early 17th century, Giovanni Luigi Valesio (Italian), Engraving (17.50.16[188])
Victoria Terminus, Bombay, 1878–87, India, Albumen silver print from glass negative (1985.1168.11)
Victory, 1903; this cast, 1908, Evelyn Beatrice Longman (American), Bronze (12.143)
The Visit to the Nursery, 1661, Gabriël Metsu (Dutch), Oil on canvas (17.190.20)
Visus, late 16th century, Adriaen Collaert (Flemish), after Maarten de Vos (Netherlandish), Engraving, The Elisha Whittelsey Collection, The Elisha Whittelsey Fund, 1956 (56.597.41[2])
The White Captive, 1857–58; this carving, 1858–59, Erastus Dow Palmer (American), Marble (94.9.3)
A Woman Playing the Theorbo-Lute and a Cavalier, ca. 1658, Gerard ter Borch, the Younger (Dutch), Oil on wood (14.40.617)
Young Woman with a Pink, ca. 1485–90, Attributed to Hans Memling, Oil on wood (49.7.23)

Thematic Essays (56)