Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Ivory from Europe

Ivory, Europe

Works of Art (89)

Altarpiece, ca. 1390–1400, Baldassare degli Embriachi (Italian), Northern Italian, Bone framed with intarsia and horn, traces of paint and gilding (17.190.489)
Alto Recorder in F, ca. 1700, Made by Johann Benedikt Gahn (German), Nuremberg, Germany, Ivory (89.4.909)
Bishop Chess Piece, 1150–1200, English, Walrus ivory (17.190.229)
Book Cover with Byzantine Icon of the Crucifixion, Icon carved about 1000, in Constantinople; setting made before 1085, Spanish; From the Convent of Santa Cruz de la Serós, Jaca, Gilded silver on a wood backing, inset with ivory icon, sapphire, glass, and crystal (17.190.134)
Booklet with Scenes of the Passion, carving, ca. 1300; painting, ca. 1310–20, Northern France (carving) and Upper Rhine (painting), Elephant ivory, polychromy, gilding (1982.60.399)
Bookstand, 1839, Designer: Charles-Auguste Questel (French); Maker: Georges-Alphonse Jacob Desmalter (French), France; Paris, Oak, maple, ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl, silk velvet, gilt bronze, and brass (2006.518)
Box with Aristotle and Phyllis, 14th century, French; Made in Paris ca. 1310-30, Ivory (17.190.173ab, 1988.16)
Bursa Reliquary, early 900s, North Italian, Bone, copper-gilt, wood (53.19.2)
Bust of a Nobleman, ca. 1695–1700, C. Lacroix (Burgundian, active Genoa), France or Italy, Elephant ivory (2005.243)
Cabinet (armoire), 1867, Charles Guillaume Diehl (German, act. Paris), cabinetmaker; Jean Brandely (French), designer; Emmanuel Frémiet (French), sculptor, France (Paris), Oak veneered with cedar, walnut, ebony, and ivory, silvered bronze mounts (1989.197)
Casket, 11th–12th century, Probably southern Italy or Sicily, Ivory (17.190.241)
Chariot, ca. 550–525 B.C., Etruscan, Bronze, ivory (03.23.1)
Chess piece (knight), ca. 1350–60, Western European (perhaps English), Ivory (68.95)
Chess Piece in the Form of a Knight, ca. 1250, English, Walrus ivory (17.190.231)
Chess set, late 18th century, Russian (Kholmogory), Walrus ivory (60.146a-pp)
Christ Presenting the Keys to Peter and the Law to Paul, second half of 12th century, German (Westphalia), Elephant ivory (1979.399)
Cittern (Hamburger Cithrinchen), ca. 1685, Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, ebony, other materials (1985.124)
Clarinet in B-flat, 1830, Charles Joseph Sax (Beligan), Maker, Brussels, Belgium, Ivory, brass (53.223)
The Cloisters Cross, 12th century, English, Walrus ivory (63.12)
Cornetto in A, 1570–80, Germany, Ivory, gold-plated brass or copper (52.96.1)
Corpus of Christ, ca. 1250, French; Possibly made in Paris, Elephant ivory, traces of paint (1978.521.3)
Crossbow of Ulrich V, Count of Württemberg, 1460, German, Wood, iron, ivory, horn, whalebone, tendon (04.3.36)
Crozier Head, ca. 1350, French, Ivory (17.190.164)
Cupid on a Lion, ca. 1675–90, Mattheus van Beveren (Flemish), Flemish, Ivory, ebony base (1980.220)
David-Weill desk, ca. 1918–19, Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (French), Amboyna, ivory, sharkskin, silk (1973.154.1)
Diptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion, ca. 1350–75, French (Paris?), Ivory with metal mounts (50.195)
Diptych with Scenes of the Life of Christ and the Virgin, Saint Michael, John the Baptist, Thomas Becket, and the Trinity, ca. 1350, Carved in Cologne, Germany, Ivory (1970.324.8a,b)
Diptych with the Last Judgment and Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1250–1270, French; Paris, Elephant ivory (1970.324.7a–b)
Division Viol, ca. 1720, School of Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, tortoise shell (89.4.956)
Double Comb: Scenes from the Story of Joseph, mid-16th century, Probably Flemish, Ivory (11.93.13)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1260–1280, French; Paris, Elephant ivory with traces of paint and gilding (1999.208)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1300, England (probably London), Elephant ivory (1979.402)
État (State) cabinet, 1926, Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (French), Macassar ebony, amaranth, ivory (25.231.1)
Game Piece with Hercules Throwing Diomedes to his Man–Eating Horses, ca. 1100–1150, German (Probably made in Cologne), Elephant ivory (16.106)
Guitar, ca. 1695–99, Joachim Tielke (German), Wood, ivory, ebony (53.56.3)
Horn, ca. 1100–1200, South Italian, Ivory (17.190.218)
Hunting Sword, ca. 1740–50, Ivory grip attributed to Joseph Deutschmann, German (possibly Munich), Steel, silver-gilt, ivory, leather (26.145.243)
Icon with Saint Demetrios, ca. 950–1000, Byzantine, Ivory (1970.324.3)
Icon with the Deesis, mid-900s, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.133)
Icon with the Koimesis ("Falling Asleep") of the Virgin Mary, late 10th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.132)
Joseph and Potiphar's Wife, second half of 17th century, By or close to Balthasar Griessmann (Austrian), Austrian, Ivory (1997.91)
Lira, ca. 1890, Greece, Wood, tortoiseshell, ivory (2003.378)
Liturgical Comb, ca. 1200–1210, English, Ivory (1988.279)
Man of Sorrows, ca. 1500, South German, Ivory with paint (1999.227)
Mirror Back with Falconing Party, 1350–1375, French; Possibly made in Paris, Elephant ivory (41.100.160)
Mirror, ca. 1710, Johann Valentin Gevers (German), silversmith; Johann Andreas Thelot (German), silversmith, Germany (Augsburg), Oak and pine veneered with tortoiseshell, silver, gilt silver, and green-stained ivory; mirror glass (1989.20)
Musette, end of 17th century, French, Ivory, silver, leather, silk, wood, and paper (2003.63a–d)
Neptune, carved mid-17th century, Adam Lenckhart (German), Austria, Ivory (24.80.91)
Pair of vases, ca. 1795–1800, Nikolai Stepanovich Vereshchagin (Russian), Russian; Archangielsk, Walrus and elephant ivory (1998.13.1,.2)
Panel with Christ and the Four Symbols of the Evangelists, carved ca. 1050, Ottonian (possibly Fulda, Germany), Ivory (17.190.51)
Panel with the Evangelist Mark and His Symbol, carved 1000–1100, Ottonian (probably Cologne, Germany), Ivory (17.190.36)
Pectoral Cross, 1000–1050, Probably from the Abbey of Saint-Bertin at Saint-Omer, northwestern France, Walrus ivory with copper alloy gilt inlays (17.190.217)
Pendant Medallion with the Last Judgment, ca. 1420, French (Paris?), Ivory, paint, silver-gilt mount (17.190.894)
Plaque with Agnus Dei on a Cross between Emblems of the Four Evangelists, 1000–1050, German or North Italian, Ivory (17.190.38)
Plaque with Christ in Majesty and the Four Evangelists, 1000–1100; mounted on a 15th-century Lectionary, Ottonian (probably Cologne, Germany), Ivory (41.100.169)
Plaque with Emmaus Scenes, ca. 850–890, French, Ivory (1970.324.1)
Plaque with God Creating the Animals, ca. 1084, South Italian; modern Amalfi (Campania), Ivory (17.190.156)
Plaque with Otto I presenting the Cathedral of Magdeburg, 962–968, Ottonian; From the Cathedral of Magdeburg, probably made in Milan, northern Italy, Ivory (41.100.157)
Plaque with Saint Aemilian, ca. 1060–80, Master Engelram and his son Redolfo, Spain (Logroño), Elephant ivory inlaid with glass (1987.89)
Plaque with Saint John the Evangelist, early 9th century; Early Medieval, Carolingian; Made in Aachen, Elephant ivory (1977.421)
Plaque with the Ascension, ca. 1050, Western Germany, Ivory (1970.324.2)
Plaque with the Descent from the Cross, ca. 1320–40, French; probably Paris, Elephant ivory glued to a whalebone plaque with traces of paint and gilding (17.190.199)
Plaque with the Journey to Emmaus and the Noli Me Tangere, ca. 1115–1120, Spanish; Made in León, Ivory, traces of gilding (17.190.47)
Plaque with the Virgin Mary as a Personification of the Church, carved 800–875, Carolingian, Ivory (17.190.49)
Plaque with two women, ca. 650–600 B.C.; Archaic, Greek, Ivory (17.190.73)
Plaque, 10th–early 11th century; Caliphal, Attributed to Córdoba, Spain, Ivory, quartz, pigment (13.141)
Plaques with Scenes from the Story of Joshua, 10th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory, traces of polychromy, gilding; bone (border strips) (17.190.137a-c)
Polyptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion, ca. 1350, French or German, Ivory, paint, and gilding with metal mounts (17.190.205)
Portable Diptych Sundial, ca. 1598, Hans Troschel the Elder (German), Ivory and brass (03.21.38)
Pyx Depicting Women at the Tomb of Christ, 500s, Byzantine; Made in the eastern Mediterranean, Ivory (17.190.57)
Pyxis, 10th century (950–975); Caliphal, Spanish; Made in Andalusia, Ivory (1970.324.5)
Relief: Lamentation beneath the Cross, carved 1632, Adam Lenckhart (German), Italy, Ivory (24.80.87)
Rosary, ca. 1500–1525, German, Ivory, silver, partially gilded mounts (17.190.306)
Saddle, ca. 1400–1420, Central Europe, perhaps Bohemia, Staghorn, lindenwood, rawhide, birchbark, paint (40.66)

Sandaled foot, Augustan, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D., Roman, Ivory (25.78.43)
Segment of a Crosier Shaft, late 12th century, North Spain, Elephant ivory (1981.1)
Situla (Bucket for Holy Water), ca. 860–880, Carolingian; From the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Crannenburg, Germany, possibly made in Reims, northern France, Ivory with copper alloy gilt mounts and inlays (17.190.45)
Soprano Recorder, ca. 1700, Thomas Boekhout (Dutch), Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Ebony and ivory (89.4.912)
Tabernacle or Folding Shrine, 14th century, French, Ivory with metal mounts (17.190.201)
Table, 1653–60, Attributed to Pierre Gole (Dutch, active in France), Tortoiseshell, ivory, ebony, and other woods on oak and fruitwood; gilt-bronze (1986.38.1)
Three Holy Women at the Sepulcher, early 10th century, Northern Italy (Milan?), Elephant ivory (1993.19)
Triptych, ca. 1250–75, North French; possibly Paris, Ivory, paint, gilding with metal mounts (17.190.279a–e)
Turned Cup with Cover, 17th century, German, Ivory (10.212.2a,b)
Two Panels of an Ivory Diptych Announcing the Consulship of Justinian, 521, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.52, 53)
Violetta, 1701, Giovanni Grancino (Italian), Milan, Spruce, maple, ebony, ivory (2008.1)
Virgin and Child Enthroned, early 17th century, Manner of Christoph Angermair (German), South German, Ivory (24.80.93)
Virgin and Child, late 16th century, German or Netherlandish, Ivory (24.80.89a,b)
Walking-Stick Flute/Oboe, ca. 1750–57, Georg Henrich Scherer (German), Germany (Butzbach), Narwhal tusk, ivory, gilt brass (2006.86a–c)
Woman's comb, 15th or 16th century, France or Italy, Ivory, polychromy, gilding (17.190.245)