Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Gilt Bronze

Metalwork, Gilt Bronze

Works of Art (81)

Altarpiece dedicated to Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 524, China, Gilt bronze (38.158.1a–n)
Amor Caritas, 1880–98; this cast, 1918, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Bronze, gilt (19.124)
Architect's table, ca. 1780–95, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, mahogany, walnut, pine, and cherry, veneered with mahogany; gilt bronze, brass, iron, steel; partially tooled and gilded leather; Cooper-Hewitt, National Design Museum, Smithsonian Institution (Inv. no. 1952-160-1) (L.2009.19)
Armchair, 1843, Auguste-Émile Ringuet-Leprince (French; firm active Paris), Ebonized fruitwood (apple or pear), beech, gilt bronze mounts, original upholstery (69.262.3)
Armoire, ca. 1710, Attributed to André-Charles Boulle (French), Tortoiseshell, engraved brass, and ebony on oak; gilt-bronze (59.108)
Astronomical Table Clock, second quarter of 16th century, German; Made in Augsburg, Case of gilt bronze and gilt brass; movement of gilt brass and steel (17.190.747)
Belt buckle and ornamental plaques, Tang dynasty (618–906), 7th century, China, Gilt bronze inlaid with glass and pearls, silk backing (2008.299a–i)
Belt buckle, Xiongnu type, 3rd–2nd century B.C., North China, Gilt bronze (18.33.1)
Berlin secretary cabinet, 1778–79, 1786, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, pine, walnut, mahogany, cherry, and cedar, veneered with curly maple, burl maple and mahogany (both stained), and with marquetry in maple (partially stained), hornbeam, apple, walnut, mulberry, tulipwood, and rosewood; ivory, mother-of-pearl, gilt bronze, brass, steel, iron, and silk (L.2013.15.1)
Bodhisattva Padmapani, Transitional period, 10th–11th century, Nepal, Copper alloy with gilding and semiprecious stones (1982.220.2)
Boiserie from the Hôtel de Cabris, ca. 1775–78, and later, French (Paris); Made in Paris, France, Oak and plaster, painted and gilded; bronze-gilt, mirror glass, oak flooring, etc.; (1972.276.1)wo
Bookstand, 1839, Designer: Charles-Auguste Questel (French); Maker: Georges-Alphonse Jacob Desmalter (French), France; Paris, Oak, maple, ebony, ebony veneer, ebonized maple, snakewood, ivory, mother-of-pearl, silk velvet, gilt bronze, and brass (2006.518)
Buddha Maitreya (Mile), Northern Wei dynasty, dated 486, China, Gilt bronze with traces of pigment, piece-mold cast (26.123)
Buddha Vairocana (Dari), Tang dynasty, early 8th century, China, Gilt leaded bronze, lost-wax cast (43.24.3)
Buddha, probably Shakyamuni (Shijiamouni), Sixteen Kingdoms period, late 4th–early 5th century, China, Gilt bronze, piece-mold cast (1974.268.8a–c)
Buddha, probably Vairochana (Piluzhena), Liao dynasty, early 11th century, China, Gilt bronze (2006.284)
Candlesticks, 1735–50, French (Paris), Gilt bronze (1999.370.1a,b,.2a,b)
Cartel, or Wall Clock, ca. 1735–40, Movement by Étienne I Le Noir (French), Case: soft-paste porcelain with gilt-bronze fittings; Dial: white enamel with blue numerals; Movement: brass and steel (1982.60.84)
Cheval glass (psyche), ca. 1810–14, François-Honoré-Georges Jacob-Desmalter (French), Amboyna on oak with gilt-bronze mounts (24.230)
Clock with pedestal (Pendule sur gaine), ca. 1690, Movement by Jacques III Thuret (French) or more likely his father, Isaac II Thuret (French); case by André-Charles Boulle (French) after designs supplied by Jean Berain (French), Case: oak, with brass and engraved pewter inlay on a tortoiseshell ground, and gilt-bronze mounts; dial: gilt brass with enamel numerals; movement: brass and steel (58.53)
Collector's Cabinet, ca. 1570–90, South German or Tyrolean, Pine, walnet, ash, various fruitwoods, maple, ebony, partly stained (marquetry veneer); gilt bronze (25.135.112)
Commode (commode à vantaux), ca. 1790, Stamped by Adam Weisweiler (French), Oak veneered with Japanese lacquer and European japanning, ebony, gilt-bronze mounts, violet brocatelle marble top (1977.1.12)
Commode, ca. 1745–49, Charles Cressent (French), Pine and oak veneered with purplewood, mahogany, and bois satiné (bloodwood), gilt-bronze mounts, portor marble top (1982.60.56)
Commode, ca. 1775–79, with later alterations, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, pine, walnut, mahogany, and cherry, veneered with hornbeam (partially stained), tulipwood, walnut, holly and maple (both partially stained), boxwood, mahogany, and other woods; red brocatelle marble; gilt bronze, iron, steel, and brass (1982.60.81)
Corner cabinet (encoignure) (one of a pair), 1745–49, Stamped by Bernard van Risenburgh (French), Oak veneered with ebony and Chinese Coromandel lacquer, cherry, and purple wood, gilt-bronze mounts, Spanish brocatelle marble (1983.185.1a,b)
The Croome Court tapestry room, Worcestershire, 1758–67, Designed by Robert Adam (English), Plaster, pine, mahogany, bronze-gilt, marble, lapis lazuli, steel, and tapestry (58.75.1–22)
Curb Bit, ca. 1350, Spanish, Iron, bronze, enameled and gilt (04.3.478a,b)
Dancing Bacchante, early 18th century, Robert Le Lorrain (French), Bronze, mounted on base of ebony and gilt bronze (1973.263)
David with the Head of Goliath, 15th century (1470–80), Bartolomeo Bellano (Italian, Paduan), Gilt bronze, oil gilding of later date (64.304.1)
Desk (secrétaire), ca. 1804–15, French, Amboyna on pine with gilt-bronze mounts (23.147.1)
Desk chair (fauteuil de bureau), French, Mahogany, gilt bronze, satin-velvet upholstery (voided, green and red) (07.225.53)
Diana, 1892–93; this cast, 1928, Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Bronze, gilt (28.101)
Falcon, 1200–1220, South Italian, Gilded Bronze (47.101.60)
Female bust, second quarter of 18th century, French, Gilt bronze (07.225.510.118)
Fountain Figure of a Winged Infant, 1432, Italy (Florence), Gilt bronze (1983.356)
Harlequin table, ca. 1760–65, Abraham Roentgen (German, 1711–1793), Oak, pine, walnut, rosewood, and mahogany, veneered with rosewood, tulipwood (stained), pearwood (stained); ivory, mother-of-pearl; gilt bronze, brass, and iron (L.2013.15.2)
Helmet (Spangenhelm), 6th century, Ostrogothic, Bronze-gilt, iron (42.50.1)
Holy-water stoup with relief of Saint Mary of Egypt, Giovanni Giardini (Italian), Gilt bronze, lapis lazuli, and silver (1995.110)
Inkwell, ca. 1900, Maker: Pierre-Adriene Dalpayrat (French) Glazed earthenware, gilt bronze (1999.398.3)
Longcase clock, ca. 1774–75, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, veneered with maple, burl woods, holly, hornbeam (all partially stained), and other woods; mother-of-pearl; gilt bronze and brass (1975.101)
Mantel clock, ca. 1780–90, French (Paris), Gilt bronze, enamel, and marble (17.190.2126)
Mechanical table, 1778, Jean-Henri Riesener (French), Oak veneered with bois satiné (bloodwood), holly, black stained holly, amaranth, berberis, stained sycamore, and green lacquered wood, gilt-bronze mounts (33.12)
Mechanical table, ca. 1761–63, Stamped by Jean-François Oeben and Roger Vandercruse Lacroix (French), Oak veneered with mahogany, kingwood, and tulipwood with marquetry of mahogany, rosewood, holly, and various other woods, gilt-bronze mounts (1982.60.61)
Monstrance Clock or Mirror Clock, ca. 1570, Made in Nuremberg, Germany, Case of gilt bronze; dial of gilt brass; movement of steel (17.190.639)
Mourning Virgin, from a Crucifixion Group, ca. 1585–90, Manner of Germain Pilon (French), Gilt bronze (1998.437)
Oval table, ca. 1774–80, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, walnut, pine, cherry, cedar, and maple, veneered with maple, hornbeam, holly (all partially stained), cherry, mahogany, tulipwood, and other woods; gilt bronze, iron, brass, steel; partially tooled and gilded leather (58.75.39)
Pair of candelabra, ca. 1810–15, Pierre-Philippe Thomire (French), Bronze-gilt (26.256.2,.3)
Pair of five-light candelabra, 1774, Luigi Valadier (Italian), Rome, Italy, Porphyry and gilt bronze (1994.14.1,.2)
Pair of mounted vases, ca. 1740–50, Chinese porcelain with French mounts, Hard-paste porcelain with gilt-bronze mounts (1984.471.3,.4)
Pair of mounted vases, ca. 1750, Chinese porcelain with French mounts, Hard-paste porcelain with gilt-bronze mounts (1977.102.1,.2)
Paris, ca. 1500, Antico (Pier Jacopo Alari Bonacolsi) (Italian), Bronze, partly gilt and silvered (55.93)
Pensive Bodhisattva, Three Kingdoms period, mid-7th century, Korea, Gilt bronze (2003.222)
Plaque depicting Bernard Palissy, 1846, Painter of plaque: Nicolas-Marie Moriot (French); Painter of enamels: Jacob Meyer-Heine (French), France; Sèvres, Hard-paste porcelain with gilt-bronze, enamel, and biscuit porcelain frame (2007.221)
Portraits of an Elderly Woman and an Elderly Man, 1775–80, Roentgen Manufactory, Partially stained marquetry in maple, hornbeam, beech, boxwood, and other woods, frame in mahogany, picture backing in cherry; gilt bronze, brass, and iron (L.2013.15.3a–b)
Rafter finial in the shape of a dragon's head and wind chime, Koryô dynasty (918–1392), 10th century,Korea, Gilt bronze (1999.263ab)
Rapier of Prince-Elector Christian II of Saxony, 1606, Hilt by Israel Schuech (Dresden); Blade by Juan Martinez (Toledo, Spain), German (Dresden), Steel, bronze-gilt with traces of enamel, paste jewels, cameos, pearls (1970.77)
Reliquary Arm, ca. 1230, South Netherlandish, Silver over oak; hand: bronze-gilt; appliqué plaques: silver-gilt, niello and cabochon stones (47.101.33)
Rolltop desk, ca. 1776–79, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, cherry, pine, mahogany, veneered with maple, burl woods, holly, hornbeam (all partially stained), tulipwood, mahogany, and other woods; mother-of-pearl; partially gilded and tooled leather; gilt bronze, iron, steel, brass, and partially gold-lacquered brass (41.82)
Rolltop desk, ca. 1780, David Roentgen (German, 1743–1807), Oak, pine, walnut, cherry, tulipwood, and mahogany (later drawers), veneered with maple, hornbeam (both partially stained), tulipwood, burl wood (stained), mahogany, holly, walnut, and other woods; gilt bronze, brass, steel, and iron; marble; partially tooled and gilded leather (58.75.55)
Seated Amitayus, 17th–18th century, Mongolia, Gilt bronze (1992.193.1)
Secretary (secrétaire à abattant), 1783, Jean-Henri Riesener (French), Oak veneered with ebony and black and gold Japanese lacquer, tulipwood, holly and black stained holly, amaranth, gilt-bronze mounts, white marble (20.155.11)
Secretary, ca. 1776, Attributed to Martin Carlin (French), Paris, Oak; tulipwood, purplewood, holly, and sycamore veneer; porcelain and tôle painted to imitate porcelain; gilt bronze (1976.155.110)
Set of four wall brackets, 18th century (ca. 1788), Made under the direction of Jean Hauré (French), cast either by Étienne-Jean Forestier (French) or his brother Pierre-Auguste (French), chased by Pierre-Philippe Thomire (French), Gilt bronze (1979.172.3-6)
Small desk (bonheur-du-jour), 1768, Martin Carlin (French), Oak veneered with tulipwood, amaranth, stained sycamore and mahogany drawers, gilt-bronze mounts, Sèvres plaques (58.75.48)
Sofa, ca. 1856, Ringuet-Leprince and L. Marcotte (French and American), Ebonized maple, gilt bronze (68.69.1)
Spinario (Boy Pulling a Thorn from His Foot), probably modeled by 1496, cast ca. 1501, Antico (Pier Jacopo Bonacolsi) (Italian), Bronze, partially gilt and silvered (2012.157)
Standing Buddha, Polonnaruva period, 11th–12th century, Sri Lanka, Gilt bronze (1993.387.8)
Standing Buddha, Unified Silla dynasty, 8th century, Korea, Gilt bronze (12.37.136)
Swords, with scabbard mounts, Sui dynasty, ca. 600, Chinese, Iron, gilt bronze, silver, wood (30.65.2)
Table, 1653–60, Attributed to Pierre Gole (Dutch, active in France), Tortoiseshell, ivory, ebony, and other woods on oak and fruitwood; gilt-bronze (1986.38.1)
Table, 1834, Royal Porcelain Manufactory, Berlin; Possibly designed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel (German); Decorator: August von Kloeber (German) and Gottfried Wilhelm Voelker (German), Hard-paste porcelain and gilt bronze (2000.189)
Two Shield Bosses, 7th century, Langobardic, Iron, gilt bronze (1984.184.1,2)
Upright secretary (secrétaire à abattant), ca. 1786–87, Maker: Guillaume Beneman (French) (1971.206.17)
Vase or clock ornament, ca. 1770, French, Gilt bronze (07.225.510.316)
Vase, 1819, Pierre Philippe Thomire (French), Malachite, gilt-bronze, and bronze (44.152a,b)
Victory, 1892–1903; this cast, 1914 or after (by 1916), Augustus Saint-Gaudens (American), Bronze, gilt (17.90.1)
Washstand (athénienne or lavabo), 1804–14, Design attributed to Charles Percier (French); mounts attributed to Martin-Guillaume Biennais (French), Yew wood, gilt bronze (26.256.1)
Work and writing table (table en chiffonnière), ca. 1760, Stamped by Bernard van Risenburgh (French), Oak and pine veneered with tulipwood, kingwood, purplewood, and bois satiné (bloodwood), gilt-bronze mounts(1984.471.1)
Writing table (bureau plat), 1759, Gilles Joubert (French), Red and gold japanning on oak, gilt-bronze mounts, leather top (1973.315.1)
Zaō Gongen, Heian period, 11th century, Japan, Gilt bronze (1975.268.155)

Thematic Essays (42)