Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Subject (A–Z)

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Christianity

Religious Art, Christianity

Works of Art (372)

Abner's Messenger before David (?), wing of an altarpiece, ca. 1480, Master of the Saint Barbara Legend (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.56a)
Adoration of the Magi (Detail), ca. 1390, Austrian; From the Schlosskapelle, Ebreichsdorf, Austria, Pot-metal and colorless glass with silver stain and vitreous paint (1986.285.1,2)
The Adoration of the Magi, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on wood (1982.60.4)
The Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1465, Justus of Ghent (Joos van Wassenhove) (Netherlandish), Distemper on canvas (41.190.21)
The Adoration of the Magi, ca. 1520, Workshop of Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1982.60.17)
The Adoration of the Magi, possibly ca. 1320, Giotto di Bondone (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (11.126.1)
Adoration of the Shepherds, 14th century, Bartolo di Fredi (Italian, Sienese), Italian; Made in Siena, Tempera on wood, gold ground, arched top (25.120.288)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, before 1527, L'Ortolano (Giovanni Battista Benvenuti) (Italian, Ferrarese), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (30.95.296)
The Adoration of the Shepherds, ca. 1500, Francesco Marmitta (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2491)
Adoration, ca. 1760–70, François Boucher (French), Gouache over black chalk on paper (1997.95)
The Agony in the Garden, predella panel, Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio or Santi) (Italian, Marchigian), Oil on wood (32.130.1)
All Saints in an Initial E: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1430–40, Osservanza Master (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2484)
Altar Angels, late 13th century, French, Oak with traces of polychromy (52.33.1,2)
Altar Frontal, late 14th century, German, Silk on linen (69.106)
Altarcloth (detail), second half of 14th century, German; From the convent of Altenberg, Linen embroidered with satin, chain, chevron, and Romanian stitches (29.87)
Altarpiece, ca. 1390–1400, Baldassare degli Embriachi (Italian), Northern Italian, Bone framed with intarsia and horn, traces of paint and gilding (17.190.489)
The Angel Gabriel Appearing to Zacharias, ca. 1799–1800, William Blake (British), Pen and black ink, tempera and glue size on canvas (51.30.1)
The Angel of the Annunciation, ca. 1500, Raffaellino del Garbo (also known as Raffaelle de' Capponi and Rafaelle de' Carli) (Italian, Florentine), Pen and brown ink and wash with white gouache over black chalk (12.56.5a)
Angel of the Revelation, ca. 1803–5, William Blake (British), Watercolor, pen and black ink, over traces of graphite (14.81.1)
The Annunciation from a Book of Hours, ca. 1485–90, France (Tours), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2004.564)
Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece), ca. 1427–1432, Workshop of Robert Campin (Netherlandish, ca. 1375–1444), South Netherlandish, Tournai (present-day Belgium), Oil paint on oak (56.70)
The Annunciation, 1672, Luca Giordano (Italian, Neapolitan), Oil on canvas (1973.311.2)
The Annunciation, Attributed to Parmigianino (Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola) (Italian), Oil on wood (1982.319)
Annunciation, parts of a polyptych, 1506, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (50.145.9ab)
"Antioch Chalice," first half of 6th century, Byzantine; Made in Antioch or Kaper Koraon (?), Silver, silver-gilt (50.4)
Apse, 1175–1200, Spanish; from the Church of San Martin, Fuentidueña, Segovia, Limestone (L.58.86)

The Virgin and Child in Majesty, with Archangels and the Magi, ca. 1100, Attributed to the Master of Master of Pedret (Spanish, Catalonia); from the Church of the Virgin (Era Mare de Diu), near Tredòs, Cap d’Aran, Fresco, transferred to canvas (50.180a–c)
The Archangel Gabriel Announcing the Birth of Christ, 1520s, Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish), Pen and brown ink with traces of squaring in black chalk (2008.253)
Arm Reliquary, 13th century, with 15th-century additions, French, Silver, silver-gilt, glass and rock-crystal cabochons over wood core (17.190.353)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial A: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–80, Cosmè Tura (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (11.50.1)
Assumption of the Virgin in an Initial V, ca. 1340, Leaf from an antiphonary, Niccolò di ser Sozzo (Italian), Italian (Siena), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (96.32.12)
Assumption of the Virgin, ca. 1340, Bernardo Daddi (Italian [Florence]), Tempera on panel (1975.1.58)
The Assumption of the Virgin, Francesco de Mura (Italian, Neapolitan), Pen and black ink, gray wash, over black chalk (1971.243)
Attarouthi Treasure, 500–650, Byzantine; From Attarouthi, Syria, Silver and silver with gilding (1986.3.1-15)
Baptism of Christ, ca. 1480–1490, Pupil of Veit Stoss, Cracow, Lindenwood (12.130.1)
The Baptism of Christ, Sebastiano Ricci (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (1981.186)
Base for a Cross, 1000–1100, Byzantine, probably Constantinople or Asia Minor, Copper alloy (62.10.8)
Basin (Lebrillo) with Lacework Pattern, ca. 1650, Mexican (Puebla), Tin-glazed earthenware decorated in cobalt strapwork with lace patterning in manganese (12.3.1)
Batrashil, Mamluk period (1250–1517), 1336, Syria, Silk backed with heavy linen (14.137)
Belles Heures of Jean of France, Duke of Berry, 1405–1408/9, Herman, Paul, and Jean Limbourg (Franco-Netherlandish), French; Made in Paris, Ink, tempera, and gold leaf on vellum (54.1.1)

The Betrayal of Christ, predella panel, Bartolomeo di Tommaso (Italian, Umbrian), Tempera on wood (58.87.1)
Bible, ca. 1250–1275, French; Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment; leather binding (1997.320)
Biblical sampler, 1768, Sarah Lawrence (American), New York City, Silk thread on linen (1999.271)
Birth of the Virgin, 1467, Fra Carnevale (Bartolomeo di Giovanni Corradini) (Italian, Marchigian), Tempera and oil on wood (35.121)
The Birth of the Virgin, ca. 1690, Francesco Solimena (Italian), Oil on canvas (07.66)
Bishop of Assisi Handing a Palm to Saint Clare, ca. 1360, German, Made in Nuremberg, Tempera and gold on oak panel (1984.343)
A Bishop Saint, ca. 1420, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (1991.27.2)
Book Cover Plaque with Christ in Majesty, ca. 1185–1210, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.757)
Booklet with Scenes of the Passion, carving, ca. 1300; painting, ca. 1310–20, Northern France (carving) and Upper Rhine (painting), Elephant ivory, polychromy, gilding (1982.60.399)
Bowl Base with Old and New Testament Scenes, ca. 350–400, Byzantine, said to have been found in 1715 in the Roman catacomb of Saint Callisto, Glass, gold leaf (16.174.2)
Bowl Base with Saints Peter and Paul Flanking a Column with the Christogram of Christ, made late 300s, Gold, glass leaf, Byzantine, from Rome (16.174.3)
Brother Gregorio Belo of Vicenza, 1547, Lorenzo Lotto (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (65.117)
Bust of the Virgin, ca. 1390–95, Bohemia, Terracotta with polychromy (2005.393)
Calling of Matthew, Workshop of Jan Sanders van Hemessen (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (71.155)
Calvary Scene, 18th century, Ecuadoran (Quito), Wood, polychromed and gilded, with glass eyes and silver attachments (64.164.230–.233)
Central Plaque of a Cross, ca. 1185–1195, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.409a)
Chalice of Peter of Sassoferrato, 1341–42 with later, perhaps 15th-century, cup, Italian; Siena, from the Franciscan Church of Sassoferrato, Silver gilded and translucent enamel (1988.67)
Chalice, 16th century (1532–33), Made in Paris, France, Silver-gilt (1996.287)
Chalice, ca. 1380, Spanish; Catalonia, Barcelona, Silver, silver gilt, and translucent enamel (1988.66)
Chalice, late 18th century, Mexican, Silver gilt (33.120.68a)
Chalice, Paten, and Straw, ca. 1230–1250, German, Silver, partly gilded; niello, jewels (47.101.26–29)
Chasse of Champagnat, ca. 1150, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.685-87, 695, 710-11)
Chasse with the Crucifixion and Christ in Majesty, ca. 1180–90, Made in Limoges, France, Copper: engraved, chiseled, stippled, and gilt; champlevé enamel: dark, medium, and light blue; turquoise, dark and light green, yellow, red, and white; wood core, painted red on exterior (17.190.514)
Chasuble, 18th century, Italian (probably Sicily), Silk and metal thread (1984.462.1)
Chasuble, ca. 1330–1350, English, Silk and silver-gilt thread and colored silks in underside couching, split stitch, laid-and-couched work, and raised work, with pearls on velvet (27.162.1)
Chrismatory, ca. 1200–1220, Limoges, Copper: engraved, chased, and gilt; champlevé enamel: lapis and lavender blue, turquoise, light and dark green, red, and white (17.190.853)
Christ and the Pharisees, Anthony van Dyck (Flemish), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash (1980.515)
Christ Bearing the Cross, ca. 1489–1500, Nicolaos Tzafouris, Greek (Crete), Oil and tempera on wood, gold ground (29.158.746)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1500–1505, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (2009.415)
Christ Blessing, ca. 1524, Andrea Solario (Italian, Milanese), Oil on wood (22.16.12)
Christ Blessing, Surrounded by a Donor and His Family, ca. 1575–80, German (Lower Saxony) Painter, Oil on wood (17.190.13–15)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1475–80, Martin Schongauer (German), Engraving (35.27)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1580s (?), El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1975.1.145)
Christ Carrying the Cross, with the Crucifixion; The Resurrection, with the Pilgrims of Emmaus (triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.119), Archangel Gabriel; The Virgin Annunciate (exterior of triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.120)
Christ Crowned with Thorns, Antonello da Messina (Antonello di Giovanni d'Antonio) (Italian, Sicilian), Oil, perhaps over tempera, on wood (32.100.82)
Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint, engraving, and scraping; fourth state of five (41.1.33)
Christ Giving the Keys to Peter, ca. 1315, German; Cologne, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (29.55.1,2)
Christ in the Wilderness, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (11.53)
Christ Presenting the Keys to Peter and the Law to Paul, second half of 12th century, German (Westphalia), Elephant ivory (1979.399)
Christ Taking Leave of His Mother, possibly the right wing of a diptych, ca. 1500, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (14.40.636)
Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, interior, 1910s, Gelatin silver print, Museum Accession (1988.1174.9)
The Circumcision: From the series The Early Life of the Virgin, 1593–94, Hendrick Goltzius (Netherlandish), Engraving (17.37.36)
Cloister of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, late 12th–early 13th century, French, Languedoc; from the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, near Montpellier, Limestone (25.120.1-.134)
The Cloisters Cross, 12th century, English, Walrus ivory (63.12)
Container for Holy Oils, carved 500–700, Northeastern France, Bone decorated with engraving and pigment (65.68.2)
Conversion of Saint Paul, 1587–89, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, highlighted with white gouache and cream color oil paint over some black chalk underdrawing (2002.33)
Coptic Manuscript, 700–900, Coptic; Possibly from the Kasr Deir es Surian (Castle of the Monastery of the Syrians), Wadi an-Natrun, Egypt; Written and illustrated in Egypt, Ink and colored inks on parchment (19.196.5)
Coptic Manuscript, Coptic; Possibly from the Dayr al-Suriyan (Monastery of the Syrians), Wadi an-Natrun, Egypt; Written and illustrated in Egypt; Written in Coptic, with Arabic in the margins, in black and red, Paper (19.196.3)
The Coronation of the Virgin, after 1595, Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (1971.155)
Corpus of Christ, ca. 1250, French; Possibly made in Paris, Elephant ivory, traces of paint (1978.521.3)
Cross-Shaped Pendant and Four Other Motifs, 1622, Giovanni Battista Costantini (Italian), Blackwork and engraving (23.101.8)
Crozier Head, ca. 1350, French, Ivory (17.190.164)
Crozier with Serpent Devouring a Flower, ca. 1200–1220, French, made in Limoges, Gilded copper; champlevé enamel; glass cabochons (17.190.833)
The Crucified Christ, ca. 1300, Walrus ivory with traces of paint and gilding (2005.274)
Crucifix, 1180–1230, Said to be from a monastery near Treviso, northern Italy, Wood with traces of paint (47.100.54)
Crucifix, 16th century (?), Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass, wood (1999.295.8)
Crucifix, early 17th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass (1999.295.4)
Crucifix, second half of 12th century, Spanish; From the convent of Santa Clara de Astudillo, Palencia, Cross: red pine, polychromy, textured gilt, and glass; Christ: white oak and polychromy (35.36a, b)
Crucifix: Saint Anthony of Padua, 18th century, Angola/Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo, Brass (1999.295.14)
The Crucifixion with Saints and a Donor, ca. 1520, Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish) and a collaborator, Oil on wood (41.190.20a–c)
The Crucifixion with the Virgin and Saint John, ca. 1625, Hendrick ter Brugghen (Dutch), Oil on canvas (56.228)
Crucifixion, 14th century, Master of the Codex of Saint George (Italian, Florentine), Italian; Probably made in Avignon, Tempera on wood, tooled gold ground (61.200.1,2)
The Crucifixion, ca. 1420, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (43.98.5)
The Crucifixion, ca. 1495–1500, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (09.157)
Descent from the Cross, ca. 1555, School of Jean Goujon (French), Marble with traces of gilding (29.56)
Descent from the Cross: Cutting from a Missal, ca. 1475–76, Girolamo da Cremona (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, laid down on wood (49.7.8)
Diptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion, ca. 1350–75, French (Paris?), Ivory with metal mounts (50.195)
Diptych with Scenes of the Annunciation, Nativity, Crucifixion, and Resurrection, 1300–1325, German; Made in Cologne (possibly), Rhine valley, silver gilt with translucent and opaque enamels (1980.366)
Diptych with Scenes of the Life of Christ and the Virgin, Saint Michael, John the Baptist, Thomas Becket, and the Trinity, ca. 1350, Carved in Cologne, Germany, Ivory (1970.324.8a,b)
Diptych with the Last Judgment and Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1250–1270, French; Paris, Elephant ivory (1970.324.7a–b)
A Dominican Friar [Petrus de Cruce?] and a Companion below the Dragon's Tower, ca. 1417–20, Fra Angelico (Italian), Pen and brush with brown ink, on parchment (1972.118.260)
Doorway, mid-12th century, French, Touraine; from the Church of Saint-Sulpice at Coulangé, near Tours, Limestone (25.120.878)
Double-Sided Gospel Leaf, first half of 14th century, Ethiopia; Tigray region, Tempera on parchment (2006.100)
Double-Sided Pendant Icon with the Virgin and Christ Pantokrator, ca. 1080–1120, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, gold (1994.403)
Embroidered panel, ca. 1800, Morocco, Linen, silk (1970.272)
Embroidery with the Annunciation, mid-15th century, Netherlandish, Silk and metallic threads on linen (1990.330)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, 1130–40, French; Made in Burgundy, Birch with paint (47.101.15)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, 1210–1220, Said to be from the priory of Oignies, Belgium, Oak with traces of paint (41.190.283)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1260–1280, French; Paris, Elephant ivory with traces of paint and gilding (1999.208)
Enthroned Virgin and Child, ca. 1300, England (probably London), Elephant ivory (1979.402)
Enthroned Virgin, 1490–1500, Lower or Upper Austria, Linden wood with gesso, paint, and gilding (2010.446)
Enthroned Virgin, late 12th century, Scandinavian, perhaps from Gotland, Poplar with remains of polychromy (17.190.716)
The Entombment, 1554, Moretto da Brescia (Alessandro Bonvicino) (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (12.61)
The Entombment, ca. 1654, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching printed on Chinese paper; first state of four (20.46.17)
The Entombment, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching, drypoint, and engraving; second state of four (23.51.7)
Eucharistic Dove, ca. 1215–1235, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.344)
Ewost'atéwos and Eight Disciples, late 17th century, Ethiopia, Wood, tempera (2006.98)
Fifteen Mysteries and the Virgin of the Rosary, Netherlandish Painter (possibly Goswijn van der Weyden), Oil on wood (1987.290.3a–p)
The First Communion Eugène Carrière (French), Oil on canvas (63.138.5)
The Flagellation; The Madonna of Mercy, processional banner, ca. 1540, Girolamo Romanino (Italian, Brescian), Distemper and oil(?) on canvas (1989.86)
Flask with Adoration of the Magi, 500s, Byzantine, Silver with gilded silver (1984.196)
The Flight into Egypt, early 1470s, Cosmè Tura (Cosimo di Domenico di Bonaventura) (Italian, Ferrarese), Tempera on wood (49.7.17)
Four Gospels in Armenian, 1434–35, Attributed to Khach'atur of Khizan (Armenian), Armenia, Tempera and gold leaf on paper, stamped leather binding (2010.108)
Four Scenes from the Passion, ca. 1520, Master of the Blumenthal Passion (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (41.190.14)
Frieze Fragment (possibly from an altar), 18th century, Bolivian, Silver (1978.303.7)
Frontispiece of the Apocalypse, 1555, Jean Duvet (French), Engraving (25.2.68)
Funeral Procession in an Initial R, second half of 15th century, Leaf from a gradual, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (96.32.16)
Gift-Bearing Figures (from a Nativity Group), 18th century, Guatemalan, Wood, polychromed and gilded (64.164.176–.179)
The Glorification of the Eucharist, probably ca. 1630, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on wood (37.160.12)
The Good Samaritan, 1633, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Etching and drypoint; first state of four (41.1.53)
The Groenendaal Passion, late 15th century, Twelve engravings by Israhel van Meckenem (German), two touched with gold; one hand-colored woodcut, Netherlandish School, 15th century; one hand-colored metalcut, Cologne School, 15th century; and 32 leaves of manuscript text in Dutch and Latin in brown ink with initials in red, bound in Netherlandish blind-stamped leather (2003.476)
Hanging lamp (cesendello), late 15th–early 16th century, Venice, Free-blown glass, enameled and gilded (14.83)
Head of Christ, Master of the Orcagnesque Misericordia (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (1981.365.2)
Head of the Madonna, fragment, 1510, Franciabigio (Francesco di Cristofano) (Italian, Florentine), Oil on wood (32.100.89)
Hieronymus in Deserto (Saint Jerome in the Wilderness), ca. 1555–56, Jan and Lucas van Doetecum after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Etching and engraving; only state (26.72.13)
Holy Face, ca. 1485, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, trimmed and laid down on wood (1975.1.2486)
The Holy Family with Saints Anne and Catherine of Alexandria, 1648, Jusepe de Ribera (Spanish), Oil on canvas (34.73)
The Holy Family with Saints Francis and Anne and the Infant Saint John the Baptist, probably early 1630s, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Oil on canvas (02.24)
The Holy Family with the Infant Saint John the Baptist, ca. 1530, Andrea del Sarto (Andrea d'Agnolo) (Italian, Florentine), Oil on wood (22.75)

Holy Virgins Greeted by Christ as They Enter the Gates of Paradise: Leaf from the Breviary of Charles the Bold and Margaret of York, ca. 1467–70, Simon Marmion (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2477)
Holy-water stoup with relief of Saint Mary of Egypt, Giovanni Giardini (Italian), Gilt bronze, lapis lazuli, and silver (1995.110)
Horn, ca. 1100–1200, South Italian, Ivory (17.190.218)
The Hours of Jeanne d'Evreux, ca. 1324–28, Jean Pucelle (French, active in Paris), Made in Paris, Grisaille and tempera on vellum (54.1.2)

Ia Orana Maria (Hail Mary), 1891, Paul Gauguin (French), Oil on canvas (51.112.2)
Icon with Saint Demetrios, ca. 950–1000, Byzantine, Ivory (1970.324.3)
Icon with the Koimesis ("Falling Asleep") of the Virgin Mary, late 10th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.132)
Icon with the Virgin and Child, carved mid-10th–11th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.103)
The Immaculate Conception, 1627, Guido Reni (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (59.32)
Incipit Page to the Gospel of John, 1300–1310, From a gospel book attributed to the illuminator Sargis; scribe unknown, Armenian; Probably from Siwnik’, Noravank’, Vellum, pigments, and gold (38.171.2)
Initial A with Saint Dominic Saving the Church of Saint John Lateran, mid-15th century, From a Dominican gradual, Italian (Lombardy, possibly Cremona), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (31.134.5)
Initial B with King David in Prayer, ca. 1450, From a Benedictine psalter, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1975.1.2470)
Initial C with Saint Lawrence, ca. 1380–90, From a gradual, Don Simone Camaldolese (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (90.61.2)
Initial C with the Last Judgment, ca. 1406–7, From an antiphonary created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1975.1.2485)
Initial E with the Martyrdom of Saint Stephen, ca. 1394–1402, From a gradual created for the Carthusian monastery of the Holy Spirit at Farneta, near Lucca, Niccolò di Giacomo da Bologna (Italian), Italian (Bologna), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (2007.236)
Initial G with the Birth of the Virgin, ca. 1375, From a gradual created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Don Silvestro de' Gherarducci (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (21.168)
Initial P with the Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyr, second half of 13th century, From a Dominican antiphonary, Italian (Bologna), Tempera and ink on parchment (23.21.2)
Initial R, with the Annunciation, from a Gradual, ca. 1300, German; Probably made at the convent of Sankt Katharinenthal, Lake Constance, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1982.175)
Initial S with the Beheading of Saint Paul, ca. 1278, From an antiphonary created for the Cathedral of Imola, Master of Bagnacavallo, Italian (Imola), Tempera and ink on parchment (26.159.2)
Initial S with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, ca. 1278, From an antiphonary created for the Cathedral of Imola, Master of Bagnacavallo, Italian (Imola), Tempera and ink on parchment (26.159.1)
Initial V from a Bible, ca. 1175–1195, French; From the Abbey of Pontigny, Tempera on parchment (1999.364.2)
Jérusalem, Saint Sépulcre, abside (apse), 1854, Auguste Salzmann (French), Salted paper print from paper negative (2005.100.373.100)
Jérusalem, Saint Sépulcre, détails de capiteaux (details of the capitals), 1854, Auguste Salzmann (French), Salted paper print from paper negative(2005.100.373.86)
Jesus Entering the Temple in a Letter D, ca. 1408–11, From a gradual created for the Camaldolese monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli, Florence, Lorenzo Monaco (Piero di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Italian (Florence), Pen and brown ink, brush and brown wash, over traces of leadpoint, on vellum (1999.391)
King David in an Initial I, early 15th century, Leaf from a psalter, Northern Italian, Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (28.225.65)
Lamentation with Sorrowing Angels, 17th century, Workshop of Mattheus van Beveren (Flemish), Flemish, Boxwood (64.164.242)
Lamentation, 1591, Scipione Pulzone (Il Gaetano) (Italian, Roman), Oil on canvas (1984.74)
The Lamentation, 1603, Domenichino (Domenico Zampieri) (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on copper (2008.72)
The Lamentation, ca. 1582, Ludovico Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on canvas (2000.68)
Lancet Windows, ca. 1250–1300, French, Normandy, Limestone (35.143.1–.3)
Last Judgment, from a Book of Hours, ca. 1400, French; Paris, Tempera and gold on vellum (1998.179)
The Last Supper, Ugolino da Siena (Ugolino da Nerio) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on panel (1975.1.7)
Le Cellier Altarpiece, triptych, 1509, Jean Bellegambe (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.102)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1270–1290, French; Made in Paris, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1981.322)
Leaf from a Missal, ca. 1290, Northeast French; Beauvais (?), Tempera and gold leaf, on parchment (1992.238)
Leaf from a Royal Manuscript, with Scenes from the Life of Saint Francis, ca. 1320–1342, Italian; Made in Bologna, for Hungarian use, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1994.516)
Leaf from the Epistle to the Hebrews, 12th century (1101), Byzantine; Found in Meteora, Greece (before 1898), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (1991.232.15)
Leaf from the Hours of Étienne Chevalier: The Right Hand of God Protecting the Faithful against Demons, ca. 1452–60, Jean Fouquet (French), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2490)
Leaves from a Beatus Manuscript, ca. 1180, Spanish (Burgos, Castile-León), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment, metal leaf (1991.232.1–.14)
Liber chronicarum (Nuremberg Chronicle), 1493, Author: Hartmann Schedel (German), Illustrators: Michael Wolgemut (German) and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff (German), Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 1493, Printed book with woodcut illustrations (1981.1178.29)

Liber chronicarum (Nuremberg Chronicle), 1493, Author: Hartmann Schedel, Illustrators: Michel Wolgemuth (German) and Wilhelm Pleydenwurff (German), Printed book with woodcut illustrations (21.36.145)
Liturgical Comb, ca. 1200–1210, English, Ivory (1988.279)
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Saints and Angels, Francesco Botticini (Francesco di Giovanni) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood (61.235)
Madonna and Child Enthroned with Two Angels, Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florentine), Tempera and gold on wood, transferred from wood (49.7.9)
Madonna and Child with Angels, Cosimo Rosselli (Italian, Florentine), Tempera and gold on wood (32.100.84)
Madonna and Child with Saints and Angels, ca. 1350, Lippo Memmi (Filippo di Memmo) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (43.98.6)
Madonna and Child with Saints Francis and Dominic and Angels, Giulio Cesare Procaccini (Italian), Oil on canvas (1979.209)
Madonna and Child with Saints Jerome and Mary Magdalene, ca. 1490, Neroccio de' Landi (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood (61.43)
Madonna and Child with Saints, Bonifacio de' Pitati (Bonifacio Veronese) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on wood (1995.536)
Madonna and Child with Saints, altarpiece, ca. 1520, Girolamo dai Libri (Italian Veronese), Tempera and oil on canvas (20.92)
Madonna and Child, 1370s, Paolo di Giovanni Fei (Italian), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.190.13)
Madonna and Child, Berlinghiero (Italian, Lucca), Tempera on wood, gold ground (60.173)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1300, Duccio di Buoninsegna (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on wood, with original engaged frame (2004.442)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1326, Simone Martini (Italian [Siena]), Tempera on panel (1975.1.12)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1485, Filippino Lippi (Italian, Florentine), Tempera, oil, and gold on wood (49.7.10)
Madonna and Child, ca. 1495–1500, Francesco Francia (Italian, Bolognese), Oil on wood (1982.448)
Madonna and Child, probably before 1508, Bramantino (Bartolomeo Suardi) (Italian, Bergamo [?]) Tempera on wood (12.178.2)
Madonna in the Clouds, ca. 1581 (no later than 1582), Federico Barocci (Italian), Etching and engraving; sheet (17.50.18.147)
Magdalena Poenitens (Penitent Magdalene), ca. 1555–56, Joannes and Lucas van Doetecum after Pieter Bruegel the Elder (Netherlandish), Etching with engraving; first state of two (26.72.14)
Man of Sorrows and the Mater dolorosa, ca. 1480, Strassburger Werkstattgemeinschaft (Lautenbach Master), German (Swabia); From the chapter house of Constance Cathedral, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (1998.215a,b)
The Man of Sorrows, ca. 1420–30, Michele Giambono (Michele Giovanni Bono) (Italian, Venetian), Tempera and gold on wood (06.180)
Man of Sorrows, ca. 1500, South German, Ivory with paint (1999.227)
The Man of Sorrows, mid-14th century, Central Italy, Gilt copper, champlevé enamel (1982.480)
Manuscript Illumination with the Evangelist Luke, late 13th–early 14th century, Byzantine, Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (2001.633)
Manuscript Leaf from a Choir Book, second half of 15th century, Mariano del Buono (Italian, Florentine(?)), Parchment, tempera, ink, gold leaf (96.32.15)
Manuscript Leaf from a Gospel Book, 1290–1330, Armenian; Written in Armenian and painted possibly in the Lake Van region, Vaspurakan (now eastern Turkey), Ink and tempera on parchment (57.185.3)
Manuscript Leaf from a Psalter: Agony in the Garden and Betrayal of Christ, ca. 1270, English, Vellum, tempera, ink, metal leaf (22.24.4)
Manuscript of the Apocalypse, 1320s, Normandy, Paint, gold, silver, and brown ink on vellum (68.174)
Martyrdom of Saint Agatha in an Initial D: Cutting from an Antiphonary, ca. 1470–73, Sano di Pietro (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2488)
The Martyrdom of Saint Bartholomew, ca. 1340, Leaf from the laudario created for Sant'Agnese, Florence, Pacino di Bonaguida (Italian), Italian (Florence), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (2006.250)
Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, 1571, Cornelis Cort (Flemish), after Titian (Tiziano Vecellio) (Italian, Venetian), Engraving (49.97.537)
Martyrdom of Saint Lawrence, Lucas Vorsterman the Elder (Flemish), after Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Engraving (51.501.7125)
Martyrdom of Saint Peter Martyr in an Initial P, second half of 13th century, Leaf from a Dominican gradual, Southern Italy (probably Naples), Tempera and ink on parchment (2005.273)
The Mass of Saint Basil, 1746, Pierre Hubert Subleyras (French), Oil on canvas (2007.166)
Mater Dolorosa (Mourning Virgin), 18th century, Sino-Spanish, Wood with pigments, gilding, ivory, and silver (2002.133a,b)
Medallion with Christ from an Icon Frame, ca. 1100, Byzantine; From the Djumati Monastery, Georgia (now Republic of Georgia); Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, gold (17.190.678)
Medallion with the Crucifixion, ca. 1100, France (Conques), Gilt copper, cloisonné and champlevé (2007.189)
The Miracle of Christ Healing the Blind, possibly ca. 1570, El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1978.416)
Miracle of the Loaves and Fishes, ca. 1545–50, Tintoretto (Jacopo Robusti) (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (13.75)
Monstrance, 1646, Attributed to Diego de Atienzia (Spanish, Guadalajara), Peruvian, Silver gilt, enamel (32.100.231a,b)
Mourning Virgin, from a Crucifixion Group, ca. 1585–90, Manner of Germain Pilon (French), Gilt bronze (1998.437)
The Nativity (The Adoration of the Christ Child), ca. 1460, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian), Tempera on panel (24.22)
Nativity Group with Angel, 18th century, Guatemalan, Wood, polychromed and gilded, with glass eyes and silver-gilt halos (64.164.168ab–.172)
Nativity Scene, 18th century, Ecuadoran, with Hispano-Philippine ivory inserts, Bodies of wood, polychromed and gilded; faces and shoulders, ivory touched up with polychromy (64.164.172–.174)
The Nativity with Donors and Saints Jerome and Leonard, ca. 1510–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (49.7.20a–c)
The Nativity, ca. 1435–40, Zanobi Strozzi (Italian); Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (1983.490)
The Nativity, early 1480s, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.40a)
Page from an Illuminated Gospel, late 14th century, Ethiopia, Highland region, Parchment (vellum), wood (accacia), tempera, ink (1998.66)
Panel from a Tree of Jesse Window, 14th century, German (Swabia), Pot-metal glass, vitreous paint (22.25a-f)
Panel from an Altar Frontal: The Flagellation, mid-14th century, Italian; Made in Florence, Silk and metallic threads on linen (64.27.18)
Panel with Christ and the Four Symbols of the Evangelists, carved ca. 1050, Ottonian (possibly Fulda, Germany), Ivory (17.190.51)
Panel with the Evangelist Mark and His Symbol, carved 1000–1100, Ottonian (probably Cologne, Germany), Ivory (17.190.36)
The Parable of the Wise and Foolish Virgins, ca. 1803–5, William Blake (British), Watercolor, brush and gray wash, pen and black ink over graphite (14.81.2)
Paradise (predella panel), ca. 1445, Giovanni di Paolo (Giovanni di Paolo di Grazia) (Italian, Sienese), Tempera and gold on canvas, transferred from wood, (06.1046)
Peaceable Kingdom, ca. 1830–32, Edward Hicks (American), Oil on canvas (1970.283.1)
Pectoral Cross, 1000–1050, Probably from the Abbey of Saint-Bertin at Saint-Omer, northwestern France, Walrus ivory with copper alloy gilt inlays (17.190.217)
Pectoral Cross, 1200–1400, Byzantine, Gold, pearls (2005.38)
Pectoral Cross, 6th–7th century, Byzantine (Constantinople?), Gold (2006.569)
Pectoral: Saint Anthony (Toni Malau), 18th century, Angola/Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo, Brass (1999.295.1)
Pendant capsule in the form of a tau cross, with the Trinity and the Virgin and Child, ca. 1485, Made in England, Cast and engraved gold (1990.283a,b)
Pendant Medallion with the Last Judgment, ca. 1420, French (Paris?), Ivory, paint, silver-gilt mount (17.190.894)
Pendant Triptych (with Scenes of the Passion), 16th century, Mexican, Boxwood, feathers, gold, enamel (10.141.2)
Peter and John Heal a Cripple at the Gate of the Temple, Bartholomeus Spranger (Netherlandish), Pen and brown ink and wash, heightened with white, over red chalk on blue paper (2001.107b)
Peter of Poitiers' Genealogy of Christ, ca. 1230, English, Ink on vellum (2002.433)
Pharmacy Jar with the Arms of the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala, 1425–50, Made in Tuscany, Italy, Earthenware, tin glaze (maiolica) (16.154.5)
Pietà (Vesperbild), ca. 1400, Bohemian, Limestone (2001.78)
Pilgrim's Badge Depicting the Shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury Cathedral, ca. 1400, English, Pewter (2001.310)
Plaque Showing the Pentecost, ca. 1150–1175, South Netherlandish, Champlevé enamel on copper gilt (65.105)
Plaque with Agnus Dei on a Cross between Emblems of the Four Evangelists, 1000–1050, German or North Italian, Ivory (17.190.38)
Plaque with Christ in Majesty and the Four Evangelists, 1000–1100; mounted on a 15th-century Lectionary, Ottonian (probably Cologne, Germany), Ivory (41.100.169)
Plaque with Emmaus Scenes, ca. 850–890, French, Ivory (1970.324.1)
Plaque with God Creating the Animals, ca. 1084, South Italian; modern Amalfi (Campania), Ivory (17.190.156)
Plaque with Otto I presenting the Cathedral of Magdeburg, 962–968, Ottonian; From the Cathedral of Magdeburg, probably made in Milan, northern Italy, Ivory (41.100.157)
Plaque with Personification of the Moon, 860–90, Southern France, Copper alloy, iron, and cloisonné enamel (17.190.688)
Plaque with Saint John the Evangelist, early 9th century; Early Medieval, Carolingian; Made in Aachen, Elephant ivory (1977.421)
Plaque with the Ascension, ca. 1050, Western Germany, Ivory (1970.324.2)
Plaque with the Crucifixion and the Defeat of Hades, mid-10th century, Byzantine; Probably made in Constantinople, Ivory (17.190.44)
Plaque with the Descent from the Cross, ca. 1320–40, French; probably Paris, Elephant ivory glued to a whalebone plaque with traces of paint and gilding (17.190.199)
Plaque with the Journey to Emmaus and the Noli Me Tangere, ca. 1115–1120, Spanish; Made in León, Ivory, traces of gilding (17.190.47)
Plaque with the Virgin Mary as a Personification of the Church, carved 800–875, Carolingian, Ivory (17.190.49)
Polycandelon with Crosses, 500–600, Byzantine, Copper alloy (2002.483.7)
Polyptych with Scenes from Christ's Passion, ca. 1350, French or German, Ivory, paint, and gilding with metal mounts (17.190.205)
Portable Mosaic Icon with the Virgin Eleousa, early 14th century, Byzantine, probably Constantinople, Miniature mosaic set in wax on wood panel with gold, multicolored stones, and gilded copper tesserae; some portions restored (2008.352)
Portal from the Church of San Leonardo al Frigido, ca. 1170–1180, Italian; Made in Tuscany, White Carrara marble, grayish marble (62.189)
Predica del arte del ben morire (Sermon on the Art of Dying Well): Title page (signature a1), Author: Girolamo Savonarola, [Florence: Ant. Tubini, shortly after 1500], 4th ed., Book with printed text and four woodcut illustrations (25.30.95)
The Presentation in the Temple, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Pen, brush, and brown ink on pale tan paper; reverse, black chalk and brown ink (52.214.3)
Processional Cross, 12th–13th century, Ethiopia, Lasta region, Tigrinya peoples, Bronze (2008.502)
Processional Cross, 13th–14th century, Ethiopia, Amhara or Tigrinya peoples, Bronze (2011.159)
Processional Cross, 14th–15th century, Ethiopia, Lasta region, Tigrinya peoples, Brass (1998.37)
Processional Cross, 15th century, Ethiopia; Amharic peoples, Copper (2008.22)
Processional Cross, 16th century (ca. 1500), Ethiopia, Tigray region; Amharic, Wood, tin (1999.103)
Processional Cross, ca. 1000–1050, Byzantine, Silver with gilding and gilded silver medallions (1993.163)
Processional Cross, late 11th–early 12th century, Spanish; Made in Asturias, Silver, partially gilt on wood core, carved gems, jewels (17.190.1406)
Psalter and Hours of Bonne de Luxembourg, Duchess of Normandy, before 1349, Probably Jean Le Noir, his daughter Bourgot, and his workshop, French (Paris), Tempera, grisaille, ink, and gold leaf on vellum (69.86)
Psalter, late 12th century, Byzantine, Tempera, black ink, gold leaf on parchment with paper endpapers (2001.730)
Pyx Depicting Women at the Tomb of Christ, 500s, Byzantine; Made in the eastern Mediterranean, Ivory (17.190.57)
Relief with Saint Peter Martyr and Three Donors, ca. 1340, Giovanni di Balduccio (Italian, Tuscan, Bolognese, Milanese), Marble (2001.221)
Reliquary Arm, ca. 1230, South Netherlandish, Silver over oak; hand: bronze-gilt; appliqué plaques: silver-gilt, niello and cabochon stones (47.101.33)
Reliquary Bust of Saint Balbina, ca. 1520–30, Made in possibly Brussels, Belgium, South Netherlandish, Painted and gilded oak (67.155.23)
Reliquary Bust of Saint Juliana, ca. 1376, Circle of Giovanni di Bartolo (Italian, Sienese), Italian, Copper, gilding, gesso, and tempera paint (61.266)
Reliquary Cross with Saint George, 800–1200, Byzantine, Copper alloy (2000.526.2)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1180, Made in Limoges, France, Silver gilt, rock crystal, glass cabochons; wood core (2002.18)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1366–1400, Italian, the Marches, Translucent enamel, silver, gilded silver, rock crystal, glass, and iron (17.190.498)
Reliquary in the Shape of a Sarcophagus, carved 400–600, Byzantine, Marble (2002.483.3a,b)
Reliquary of Mary Magdalene, 14th and 15th century, Made in Tuscany, Italy, Gilded copper, gilded silver, rock crystal, verre églomisé (17.190.504)
Reliquary of the True Cross (Staurotheke), late 8th–early 9th century, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, silver, silver-gilt, gold, niello (17.190.715ab)
Reliquary Shrine, second quarter of 14th century, Attributed to Jean de Touyl (French), Made in Paris, Gilt-silver, translucent enamel, paint (62.96)
The Rest on the Flight into Egypt, ca. 1512–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (49.7.21)
Rosary Bead, early 16th century, South Netherlandish (Brabant), Boxwood (17.190.475)
Rosary, ca. 1500–1525, German, Ivory, silver, partially gilded mounts (17.190.306)
Saint Andrew, possibly ca. 1330, Simone Martini (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.100.23)
Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Workshop of Fra Filippo Lippi (Italian, Florentine, ca. 1406–1469), Tempera and gold on wood (1975.1.70b)
Saint Giles with Christ Triumphant over Satan and the Mission of the Apostles, part of an altarpiece, 1420s, Miguel Alcañiz (or Alcanyis) (Spanish, Valencian), Tempera on wood, gold ground (76.10)
Saint Jerome Hearing the Trumpet of the Last Judgment, Jusepe de Ribera (called Lo Spagnoletto) (Spanish), Etching with drypoint and engraving, only state (53.512.5)
Saint Jerome in the Wilderness, ca. 1591, Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bolognese), Etching and engraving, third state of four6 (26.70.4.20)
Saint John the Baptist Preaching, ca. 1650, Mattia Preti (Il Cavalier Calabrese) (Italian), Oil on canvas (2005.477)
Saint John the Baptist, Juan Martínez Montañés (Spanish), Gilt and polychromed wood (63.40)
Saint John the Baptist; Saint Francis Receiving the Stigmata, wings of a triptych, ca. 1485–90, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (32.100.40bc)
Saint John the Evangelist, part of a polyptych, 1320s, Segna di Buonaventura (Italian, Sienese), Tempera on wood, gold ground (41.100.22)
Saint Joseph and the Christ Child, second half of 17th century, Attributed to Nicolaas van der Veken (Flemish), Flemish, Boxwood (1971.68)
Saint Lucy and Her Mother at the Shrine of Saint Agatha; Saint Lucy Giving Alms; Saint Lucy before Paschasius; Saint Lucy Resisting Efforts to Move Her, part of an altarpiece, Giovanni di Bartolommeo Cristiani (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on wood, gold ground (12.41.1–4)
Saint Mark the Evangelist and Saint Sinibaldus Venerated by Members of a Lay Confraternity: Leaf from a Mariegola, ca. 1425–34, Cristoforo Cortese (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment (1975.1.2468)
Saint Matthew and the Angel, 1534, Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo (Italian, Brescian), Oil on canvas (12.14)
Saint Maurice, ca. 1522–25, Lucas Cranach the Elder (German) and Workshop, Oil on wood (2006.469)
Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Reviving a Child, predella panel, ca. 1530, Garofalo (Benvenuto Tisi da Garofalo) (Italian, Ferrarese), Oil on canvas, transferred from wood (17.190.24)
Saint Paul Led Away to Damascus, 1509, Lucas van Leyden (Netherlandish), Engraving, sheet (34.94.4)
Saint Thecla Praying for the Plague-Stricken, sketch, 1758–59, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (Italian, Venetian), Oil on canvas (37.165.2)
Saints Michael and Francis, ca. 1505–9, Juan de Flandes (Netherlandish), Oil on wood, gold ground (58.132)
Saints Peter, Martha, Mary Magdalene, and Leonard, ca. 1514–16, Correggio (Antonio Allegri) (Italian), Oil on canvas (12.211)
Salome with the Head of Saint John the Baptist, probably ca. 1506–7, Andrea Solario (Italian, Milanese), Oil on wood (32.100.81)
Salvator Mundi, ca. 1622–23, Domenico Fetti (Italian), Oil on wood (2007.91)
Santa Francesca Romana Clothed by the Virgin, Attributed to Antonio da Viterbo the Elder (Italian), Tempera on panel (1975.1.100)
Scene from the Legend of the True Cross, second half of 14th century, Northern French or Netherlandish, Stone (25.120.529)
Scenes from the Life of Saint Augustine, ca. 1490, Master of Saint Augustine (Netherlandish), Oil and silver on panel (61.199)
Scenes from the Passion of Saint Vincent of Saragossa and the History of His Relics, 1244–1247, French; From the Church of St. Germain-des-Prés, Paris, Pot-metal glass with vitreous paint (24.167a–k)
Seated Male Nude, 1565–69, Agnolo Bronzino (Agnolo di Cosimo di Mariano Tori) (Italian, Florentine,Black chalk (2005.354)
Segment of a Crosier Shaft, late 12th century, North Spain, Elephant ivory (1981.1)
Shoe reliquary, ca. 1350–1400, French or Swiss, Leather and Iron (47.101.65)
Shrine of the Virgin, ca. 1300, German; Made in Rhine valley, Oak, linen covering, paint, gilding, gesso (17.190.185)
Silver covers for a gospel, 1691, Signed Astuatsatur Shahamir, Kayseri, Turkey, Gilt-silver repoussé plaques (16.99)
Situla (Bucket for Holy Water), ca. 860–880, Carolingian; From the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Crannenburg, Germany, possibly made in Reims, northern France, Ivory with copper alloy gilt mounts and inlays (17.190.45)
Solidus, 602–10, Early Byzantine, Gold (04.35.3356)
Stained-Glass Panel, ca. 1245–1248, France, Tours, Ambulatory of the Cathedral of Saint-Gatien, Pot-metal glass and vitreous paint (37.173.3)
Standing Bishop, 1508–12, Hans von Reutlingen or Workshop, Germany (Aachen), Silver, gilt silver (1991.9)
Stole with Images of the Martyrdom of Saint Catherine, ca. 1200, German (Rhineland) or English, Red silk, linen underlay, crimson silk tabby, metal threads (strips of gold and silver leaf wrapped on linen thread) (64.101.1382)
The Supper at Emmaus, 1622–23, Velázquez (Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez) (Spanish), Oil on canvas (14.40.631)
Support Figure of a Seated Cleric or Friar, ca. 1280, Northeastern France, Copper alloy with mercury gilding (1991.252)
Tabernacle of Cherves, ca. 1220–1230, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper and champlevé enamel (17.190.735)
Tabernacle or Folding Shrine, 14th century, French, Ivory with metal mounts (17.190.201)
Temptation of Christ, ca. 1125, Hermitage of San Baudelio de Berlanga, province of Soria, Spain, Fresco transferred to canvas (61.248)
Three Holy Women at the Sepulcher, early 10th century, Northern Italy (Milan?), Elephant ivory (1993.19)
Triptych (Sacring Tablet): Institution of the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, 16th century, Mexican, Feathers and colored paper laid down on wood, in gilt wood frame (88.3.1)
Triptych with Scenes from the Passion, ca. 1400–1420, French; Made in Paris, Silver, partially gilt (17.190.369)
Triptych with the Crucifixion, ca. 1510, Francesco Granacci (Francesco di Andrea di Marco) (Italian), Italy; Florence, Tempera and gold on wood (2006.409)
Triptych with the Passion of Christ, ca. 1475–85, South Germany, Mother-of-pearl mounted on gilt wood frame with silk backing and tooled leather covering (2006.249)
Triptych, ca. 1250–75, North French; possibly Paris, Ivory, paint, gilding with metal mounts (17.190.279a–e)
Two Angels, first quarter of 14th century, North Italian, Fresco (1971.115.1ab)
Two Grisaille Panels, 1320–1324, French; Paris, from the Chapel of Saint-Louis, north aisle, royal abbey of Saint-Denis, Pot-metal and white glass, silver stain (1982.433.3,4)
Two Leaves from a Book of Hours, Representing the Annunciation, 1465, Master of Charles of France, French (Bourges), Tempera and gold leaf on vellum (58.71a,b)
Two Scenes of Christ and Apostles, ca. 850–900, Carolingian (northern France), Ivory with traces of polychromy (2000.486)
The Virgin Adored by Saints, ca. 1627, Peter Paul Rubens (Flemish), Pen and brown ink (2002.12a)
The Virgin Adoring the Host, 1852, Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (French), Oil on canvas (2005.186)
Virgin and Child Enthroned, early 17th century, Manner of Christoph Angermair (German), South German, Ivory (24.80.93)
Virgin and Child in Majesty, 1150–1200, French; Made in Auvergne, Walnut with paint, tin relief on a lead white ground and linen (16.32.194a, b)
Virgin and Child with Four Angels, ca. 1510–15, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1977.1.1)
Virgin and Child with Saint Anne, probably 1519, Albrecht Dürer (German), Oil on wood (14.40.633)
Virgin and Child with Saint Elizabeth, the Infant Baptist, Saint Anthony of Padua, and a Female Martyr, Jacopo da Pontormo (Jacopo Carucci) (Italian), Red chalk, brush and red wash (19.76.11)
Virgin and Child with Saints Catherine of Alexandria and Barbara, 1479, Hans Memling, Oil on wood (14.40.634)
Virgin and Child with Six Saints, ca. 1455–57, Pesellino (Francesco di Stefano) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (50.145.30)
Virgin and Child, Copy after Jan Gossart (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (17.190.17)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1444–46, Pesellino (Francesco di Stefano) (Italian, Florentine), Tempera on panel (30.95.254)
Virgin and Child, ca. 1510, Workshop of Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (1975.1.118)
Virgin and Child, last quarter of 15th century, Master of the Legend of Saint Ursula (Netherlandish), Oil on wood (17.190.16)
Virgin and Child, late 16th century, German or Netherlandish, Ivory (24.80.89a,b)
Virgin Mary and Five Standing Saints above Predella Panels, 1440–1446, German; From the Carmelite church at Boppard-am-Rhein, Pot-metal glass, white glass, vitreous glass, silver stain (37.52.1–6)
Virgin of the Apocalypse, ca. 1480–1490, Circle of the Master of the Amsterdam Cabinet, German; Middle Rhineland, Colorless glass, silver stain, and vitreous paint (1982.47.1)
Virgin of the Immaculate Conception, 18th century, Hispano-Philippine, Ivory, partly polychromed and gilded, with glass eyes and silver halo (64.164.243)
Virgin of the Rosary of Guápulo, ca. 1680, Peruvian (Cuzco), Oil on canvas (64.164.385)
The Visitation in an Initial A and Cardinal Adam Easton with a Dominican Saint and Saint Dominic, ca. 1400, Leaf from an antiphonary, Italian (Venice), Tempera, gold, and ink on parchment (90.61.3)
Visitation, ca. 1310, Attributed to Master Heinrich of Constance, German; Made in Constance, Walnut, paint, gilding, rock-crystal cabochons (17.190.724)
The Vocation of Saint Aloysius (Luigi) Gonzaga, ca. 1650, Guercino (Giovanni Francesco Barbieri) (Italian), Oil on canvas (1973.311.3)
Woman Wearing a Tunic, 4th–5th century; Early Byzantine, Egyptian; Probably Eshmunein, Painted plaster (12.185.4)