Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Religious Art, Christianity, Cross

Works of Art (43)

Base for a Cross, 1000–1100, Byzantine, probably Constantinople or Asia Minor, Copper alloy (62.10.8)
Calvary, late 17th–early 18th century, German or Netherlandish(?), Ivory, ebony (50.182a–g)
Central Plaque of a Cross, ca. 1185–1195, French; Made in Limoges, Gilded copper with champlevé enamel (17.190.409a)
Christ Bearing the Cross, ca. 1489–1500, Nicolaos Tzafouris, Greek (Crete), Oil and tempera on wood, gold ground (29.158.746)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1475–80, Martin Schongauer (German), Engraving (35.27)
Christ Carrying the Cross, ca. 1580s (?), El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos) (Greek), Oil on canvas (1975.1.145)
Christ Carrying the Cross, with the Crucifixion; The Resurrection, with the Pilgrims of Emmaus (triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.119), Archangel Gabriel; The Virgin Annunciate (exterior of triptych wings), ca. 1510, Gerard David (Netherlandish), Oil on oak panel (1975.1.120)
Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint printed on vellum; second state (41.1.31)
Christ Crucified between the Two Thieves: The Three Crosses, Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn) (Dutch), Drypoint, engraving, and scraping; fourth state of five (41.1.33)
Christ on the Cross, with the Virgin and Saints Mary Magdalene, John the Evangelist, Monica(?), Augustine(?), Peter Martyr, Thomas Aquinas, Francis, and Elizabeth of Hungary(?), ca. 1453–54, Fra Angelico (Italian), Tempera on panel (14.40.628)
The Cloisters Cross, 12th century, English, Walrus ivory (63.12)
Cross Pendant, ca. 1080–1130, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Gold and enamel worked in cloisonné (1998.542)
Cross-Shaped Pendant and Four Other Motifs, 1622, Giovanni Battista Costantini (Italian), Blackwork and engraving (23.101.8)
Crossbow Fibula, ca. 430, Byzantine; Made in Rome/Constantinople, Gold (1995.97)
Crucifix, early 17th century, Democratic Republic of Congo; Kongo peoples, Brass (1999.295.4)
Crucifix, second half of 12th century, Spanish; From the convent of Santa Clara de Astudillo, Palencia, Cross: red pine, polychromy, textured gilt, and glass; Christ: white oak and polychromy (35.36a, b)
Descent from the Cross, ca. 1555, School of Jean Goujon (French), Marble with traces of gilding (29.56)
Descent from the Cross: Cutting from a Missal, ca. 1475–76, Girolamo da Cremona (Italian), Tempera and gold leaf on parchment, laid down on wood (49.7.8)
Finger Ring with a Cross, 450–525, Frankish, Gold sheet with filigree and granulation, cloisonné cells inset with garnet and mother-of-pearl (17.192.229)
Five Appliqués in the Shape of a Cross, ca. 600, Langobardic; From Castel Trosino, central Italy, Gold (95.15.79.–83)
Panel with Cross and Griffins, 500–700, Byzantine; Made in Egypt, Wood (28.12)
Pectoral Cross, 1000–1050, Probably from the Abbey of Saint-Bertin at Saint-Omer, northwestern France, Walrus ivory with copper alloy gilt inlays (17.190.217)
Pectoral Cross, 1200–1400, Byzantine, Gold, pearls (2005.38)
Pectoral Cross, 6th–7th century, Byzantine (Constantinople?), Gold (2006.569)
Pendant capsule in the form of a tau cross, with the Trinity and the Virgin and Child, ca. 1485, Made in England, Cast and engraved gold (1990.283a,b)
Pharmacy Jar with the Arms of the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala, 1425–50, Made in Tuscany, Italy, Earthenware, tin glaze (maiolica) (16.154.5)
Plaque with the Descent from the Cross, ca. 1320–40, French; probably Paris, Elephant ivory glued to a whalebone plaque with traces of paint and gilding (17.190.199)
Polycandelon with Crosses, 500–600, Byzantine, Copper alloy (2002.483.7)
Processional Cross, 12th–13th century, Ethiopia, Lasta region, Tigrinya peoples, Bronze (2008.502)
Processional Cross, 13th–14th century, Ethiopia, Amhara or Tigrinya peoples, Bronze (2011.159)
Processional Cross, 14th–15th century, Ethiopia, Lasta region, Tigrinya peoples, Brass (1998.37)
Processional Cross, 15th century, Ethiopia; Amharic peoples, Copper (2008.22)
Processional Cross, 16th century (ca. 1500), Ethiopia, Tigray region; Amharic, Wood, tin (1999.103)
Processional Cross, ca. 1000–1050, Byzantine, Silver with gilding and gilded silver medallions (1993.163)
Processional Cross, late 11th–early 12th century, Spanish; Made in Asturias, Silver, partially gilt on wood core, carved gems, jewels (17.190.1406)
Relief: Lamentation beneath the Cross, carved 1632, Adam Lenckhart (German), Italy, Ivory (24.80.87)
Reliquary Cross with Saint George, 800–1200, Byzantine, Copper alloy (2000.526.2)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1180, Made in Limoges, France, Silver gilt, rock crystal, glass cabochons; wood core (2002.18)
Reliquary Cross, ca. 1366–1400, Italian, the Marches, Translucent enamel, silver, gilded silver, rock crystal, glass, and iron (17.190.498)
Reliquary of the True Cross (Staurotheke), late 8th–early 9th century, Byzantine; Made in Constantinople, Cloisonné enamel, silver, silver-gilt, gold, niello (17.190.715ab)
Solidus, 602–10, Early Byzantine, Gold (04.35.3356)
Velvet with the arms of the Galilei family, second half of 15th century, Italian (Florence), Silk velvet brocaded with metal-wrapped thread (46.156.137)