Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History

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Index Classification: Material and Technique

Relief Sculpture from Europe

Sculpture, Relief, Europe

Works of Art (95)

Asiatic garland sarcophagus, Mid-Imperial, Severan period, 200–225 A.D., Roman, Marble (70.1)
Booklet with Scenes of the Passion, carving, ca. 1300; painting, ca. 1310–20, Northern France (carving) and Upper Rhine (painting), Elephant ivory, polychromy, gilding (1982.60.399)
Bust of Francis I, 1529, Girolamo della Robbia (Italian), Glazed terracotta (41.100.245)
Cameo medallion of a maenad, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Glass (17.194.10)
Cameo portrait of the emperor Augustus, 41–54; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Sardonyx (42.11.30)
Capital, with the Presentation of Christ in the Temple, From the Abbey of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert, France, Limestone (25.120.60)
Catherine II, Empress of Russia, 1771, Jean-Baptiste Nini (French); Chaumont-sur-Loire, Cast terracotta (terre de Chaumont) (52.189.11)
Chariot, ca. 550–525 B.C., Etruscan, Bronze, ivory (03.23.1)
Chimneypiece, ca. 1670, Southwest France, Limestone (56.234.34)

Design for a chimneypiece, from Cheminées à la Romaine, ca. 1663, Jean Le Pautre (French), France (Paris) (33.84[1])

Christ on the Road to Calvary, ca. 1440, Follower of the Master of the Lorsch Calvary, German (Middle Rhineland), Alabaster (1996.581)
Cinerary chest with lid, Imperial, Flavian or Trajanic, ca. 90–110 A.D., Roman, Marble (27.122.2a,b)
Cinerary urn, 2nd century B.C.; Hellenistic, Etruscan, Terracotta (96.9.223a,b)
Cinerary urn, late 4th or early 3rd century B.C., Etruscan, Alabaster (96.9.225a,b)
Circular reliefs, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Plaster (31.11.15,.16,.17)
Column Figure of a King, ca. 1150–1170, French; From the abbey of Saint-Denis, Limestone (20.157)
Combat at a City Gate, early 16th century, Andrea Briosco, called Riccio (Italian),, Italy (Padua), Bronze (1986.319.30)
Descent from the Cross, ca. 1550–60, School of Jean Goujon (French), Marble (29.56)
Diptych with the Last Judgment and Coronation of the Virgin, ca. 1250–1270, French; Paris, Elephant ivory (1970.324.7a–b)
Disk with a herm of Dionysos in relief, Early Imperial, third quarter of 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble, pigment (26.60.27)
Doorway from Moutiers-Saint-Jean, ca. 1250, French, Limestone with traces of polychromy (32.147)
Double Comb: Scenes from the Story of Joseph, mid-16th century, Probably Flemish, Ivory (11.93.13)
Endymion sarcophagus, Mid-Imperial, Severan, early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Marble (47.100.4)
Entombment of Christ, ca. 1390–1405, French (Paris), Opaque and translucent enamel on gold (1982.60.398)
Female Nude, late 16th or early 17th century, South German, Honestone (17.190.467)
Fragment from the Eleusinian Relief, ca. 27 B.C.–14 A.D.; Augustan, Fragments of a Roman copy set in a plaster cast of the original Greek relief of ca. 350–325 B.C., Marble (14.130.9)
Fragment of a limestone relief with enthroned couple, Late Classical or Hellenistic, 4th–3rd century B.C., Greek, South Italian, Tarentine, Limestone (1996.151.1)

Fragment of a limestone relief with standing figure, Late Classical or Hellenistic, 4th–3rd century B.C., Greek, South Italian, Tarentine, Limestone (1996.151.2)

Fragment of a limestone relief with two standing figures, Late Classical or Hellenistic, 4th–3rd century B.C., Greek, South Italian, Tarentine, Limestone (1996.305)
Fragment of a sarcophagus with a seated figure, ca. 250 A.D., Roman; Probably northern Asia Minor, Marble (18.108)
Fragment of an inscription, Classical, ca. 425–424 B.C., Greek, Attic, Marble (26.60.5)
Fragmentary terracotta pinax (plaque) with a dancing girl, 5th century B.C., Cretan (53.5.39)
Front of a limestone block from the stepped base of a funerary monument, mid-6th century B.C.; Archaic, Signed by Phaidimos, Greek, Attic, Limestone (16.174.6)
Funerary altar of Cominia Tyche, Flavian or Trajanic, ca. 90–100 A.D., Roman, Marble (38.27)
Funerary altar, 14–68; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (25.78.29)
Funerary relief, ca. 325–300 B.C., Greek, South Italian, Tarentine, Limestone (29.54)
Grave stele of a little girl, ca. 450–440 B.C., Greek, Parian marble (27.45)
Grave stele with a family group, ca. 360 B.C.; Classical, Greek, Attic, Pentelic marble (11.100.2)
Holy Family with Saints Anne and Joachim, Relief, 16th century (1567–68), Diego de Pesquera (Spanish), Made in Spain, Wood, polychromed and gilded (45.128.5)
Icon with Christ Antiphonetes, ca. 1350 or later, Byzantine; Probably made in Greece, Steatite (1979.217)
Intaglio portrait of a young woman, 1st century B.C.–1st century A.D.; Augustan, Roman, Sard (74.51.4236)
Intaglio with a portrait of the empress Julia Domna, ca. 205–210; Severan, Roman, Beryl (25.78.90)
Joseph and Potiphar's Wife, second half of 17th century, By or close to Balthasar Griessmann (Austrian), Austrian, Ivory (1997.91)
Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling, ca. 1220–1230, Crusader; From Castle Montfort/Starkenberg, Limestone (28.99.1)
Leather Panel (Allegory of Music), ca. 1570–90, Northern France, Blind-stamped, embossed, molded, and incised leather on later wooden mount (2006.71)
Lion felling a bull, from a marble pediment, 525–500 B.C., Greek, Attic, Parian marble (42.11.35)
Madonna and Child with Angels, Relief, ca. 1455–60, Antonio Rossellino (Italian, Florentine), Made in Florence, Italy, Marble, gilding on halo and dress (14.40.675)
MAP III, 1993, Bertil Vallien (Swedish), Glass and iron (1994.199ab)
Marble sarcophagus with garlands and the myth of Theseus and Ariadne, ca. 130–150 A.D., Roman, Hadrianic or early Antonine, Marble, Luni and Pentelic (90.12a,b)
Minerva Protecting the Young King of Rome, 1811, Joseph-Antoine Romagnési (French), Plaster, painted to resemble yellowish stone; green marbleized wood (frame only) (27.191.2)
Mirror Back with Falconing Party, 1350–1375, French; Possibly made in Paris, Elephant ivory (41.100.160)
Mural relief fragment, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Stucco (74.51.5869)
Narbonne Arch, 12th century, French, Marble (22.58.1a)
Nessus Abducting Deianira, modeled in 1814, Bertel Thorvaldsen (Danish), Marble (2004.174)
Panel with a Griffin, 1250–1300, Byzantine; Possibly from Greece or the Balkans, Marble (2000.81)
Panel, late 13th–mid-14th century, Spain (Granada), Limestone (2011.182)
Pendant, ca. 1550–75, Flemish or German (Cologne?), Boxwood and various woods for marquetry, partly stained (17.190.310)
Plaque of Mithras slaying the bull, mid-Imperial, 2nd or early 3rd century A.D., Roman, Bronze (1997.145.3)
Plaque with bilingual inscription, Early Imperial, 1st century A.D., Roman, Cypriot; said to be from Larnaca (Kition), Cyprus, Limestone (74.51.2393)
Plaque with Emmaus Scenes, ca. 850–890, French, Ivory (1970.324.1)
Plaque with Saint John the Evangelist, early 9th century; Early Medieval, Carolingian; Made in Aachen, Elephant ivory (1977.421)
Plaque with the Virgin Mary as a Personification of the Church, carved 800–875, Carolingian, Ivory (17.190.49)
Portion of a Pilaster Capital with an Acrobat, ca. 1150–1170, French; From the Abbey of Saint-Martin-de-Savigny (now destroyed), near Lyon, Limestone (47.101.25)
Portrait Medallion: Carchesius, dated 1541, Attributed to Hans Kels the Younger, South German (Augsburg), Boxwood (17.190.487)
Portrait Medallion: Clara Rosenberger, mid-16th century, South German, Honestone (17.190.468)
Portrait Medals: Empress Maria and Emperor Maximillian II, dated 1575, Monogrammed "AN:AB" for Antonio Abondio (Italian) Silver, uniface (1989.12.2,3)
Portrait of Daniel, Archbishop of Mainz, dated 1568, Monogrammed by the Master H.K V.B, South German or Middle-Rhenish, Honestone (17.190.488)
Relief Allegory of Virtues and Vices at the Court of Emperor Charles V, dated 1522, Monogrammed "HD" for Hans Daucher (German, Augsburg), Honestone relief, touches of gilding (17.190.745)
Relief fragment depicting athletic prizes, mid-Imperial, Antonine, 2nd century A.D., Roman, Marble (59.11.19)
Relief fragment with gladiators, Imperial, 1st–3rd century A.D., Roman; recorded ca. 1880 in the Vigna Aquari in Rome, Marble (57.11.7)
Relief fragment, ca. 138–161 A.D., Roman, Stucco (09.221.37)
Relief of a dancing maenad, ca. 27 B.C.–14 A.D.; Augustan, Roman copy of a Greek relief attributed to Kallimachos, ca. 425–400 B.C., Pentelic marble (35.11.3)
Relief of a woman and youth reclining, late 6th–early 5th century B.C., Etruscan, Amber (17.190.2067)
Relief of King Oinomaos and his charioteer Myrtilos, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.31); Relief of a mythological couple in a chariot, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.32); Relief of a youth and girl, Augustan or Julio-Claudian, 27 B.C.–68 A.D., Roman, Terracotta (26.60.33)
Relief panel, second half of 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Roman, Stucco (92.11.2)
Relief plaque, ca. 450 B.C., Greek, Melian, Terracotta (25.78.26)
Relief portrait of the emperor Lucius Verus, ca. 166–170; Antonine, Roman, Marble (13.227.1)
Relief with an archaistic Hermes, 1st century A.D., Roman, Marble (1991.11.8)
Relief with goat, 1st century A.D.; Early Imperial, Augustan, Roman, Stucco (26.60.85)
Relief with Saint Peter Martyr and Three Donors, ca. 1340, Giovanni di Balduccio (Italian, Tuscan, Bolognese, Milanese), Marble (2001.221)
Relief: Lamentation beneath the Cross, carved 1632, Adam Lenckhart (German), Italy, Ivory (24.80.87)
Ringstone with an artist painting a sculpture, Imperial, 1st–2nd century A.D., Roman, Carnelian (81.6.48)
Sarcophagus lid (kline), Mid-Imperial, Severan, 220 A.D., Roman, Marble (1993.11.1)
Sarcophagus with a Greek physician, early 300s, Roman; Ostia, Italy, Marble (48.76.1)
Sarcophagus with Scenes from the Lives of Saint Peter and Christ, early 300s (with modern restoration), Roman, Marble (1991.366)
Sarcophagus with the contest between the Muses and the Sirens, Late Imperial, Gallienic, third quarter of 3rd century A.D., Roman; in the Villa Nero, Rome, about 1640; later, in the Giardino Torrigiani, Florence, Pentelic marble (10.104)
Sarcophagus, Imperial, late 2nd–mid-3rd century A.D., Roman, Lead (65.148)
Section of a pilaster with acanthus scrolls, first half of 1st century A.D.; Julio-Claudian, Roman, Marble (10.210.28)
Situla (Bucket for Holy Water), ca. 860–880, Carolingian; From the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Crannenburg, Germany, possibly made in Reims, northern France, Ivory with copper alloy gilt mounts and inlays (17.190.45)
Strigilated sarcophagus, Late Severan, 220 A.D., Roman, Marble (2005.258)
Support for an oblong water basin, 2nd century A.D.,Roman, Porphyry (1992.11.70)
Tomb Effigy of Ermengol VII, 1320–1340, Spanish; From the Church of Santa María de Bellpuiq de las Avellanes, Catalonia, Limestone, polychromy (28.95)
Tondo mirror frame, ca. 1480, Tuscany (Siena?), Stucco, blown convex mirror (1975.1.2158)
Tondo: Prudence, ca. 1475, Andrea della Robbia (Italian), Italian (Florence), Terracotta with tinted tin-enamel glazes (21.116)
Triptych with the Passion of Christ, ca. 1475–85, South Germany, Mother-of-pearl mounted on gilt wood frame with silk backing and tooled leather covering (2006.249)
Triumph of Dionysos and the Seasons Sarcophagus, ca. 260–270, Roman, Marble (55.11.5)
Two Scenes of Christ and Apostles, ca. 850–900, Carolingian (northern France), Ivory with traces of polychromy (2000.486)
Wall panel with a guinea fowl, ca. 6th century A.D.; Sasanian, Mesopotamia, Ctesiphon, Stucco (32.150.13)