Gilbert Stuart (American, 17551828)
Oil on canvas; 50 3/4 x 39 3/4 in. (128.9 x 101 cm)
Rogers Fund, 1907 (07.75)
Josef de Jaudenes y Nebot (1764before 1819) was born in Valencia, Spain, the son of Antonio de Jaudenes y Amat and Emilia Nebot. He was appointed the Spanish diplomatic representative to the United States in 1791. By 1794, he had married Louisa Carolina Matilda Stoughton (07.76), daughter of the Spanish consul in Boston, and settled in Philadelphia. His aspiration to become a full-fledged envoy to the United States was dashed in 1796, when the job was given to another, and he returned to Spain with his wife. He then served as quartermaster of the royal armies. In this portrait, painted in New York in 1794, the formal pose is similar to the type seen in the continental Baroque portrait tradition as interpreted by late eighteenth-century English painters.