Three fragments of a terracotta calyx-krater (mixing bowl)

Period: Late Classical

Date: ca. 360–340 B.C.

Culture: Greek, South Italian, Apulian, Gnathian

Medium: Terracotta; added color

Dimensions: a: greatest H. 5 1/2 in. (14 cm); greatest width: 6 3/4 in. (17.1 cm)
b: greatest H. 7 3/4 in. (19.7 cm)
d: greatest H. : 2 1/4 in. (5.7 cm); greatest width: 2 1/8 in. (5.4 cm)

Classification: Vases

Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1910

Accession Number: 10.210.17a, b, d


Gnathian is a conventional term principally used for Apulian pottery in which polychrome decoration is applied to a black-glaze ground. The representation of the ransom of Hector was inspired by Aeschylus' tragedy of the same name. The action occurs on a stage, indicated by the horizontal lines below Hector's couch and footstool and the vertical tent supports. Priam kneels, clasping the legs of Achilles in supplication. The reverse shows figures executed in incision, with added white and yellow details.