Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water), ca. 340–330 b.c.; red–figure
    Attributed to the Darius Painter (Greek, active ca. 340–330 b.c.)
    Greek, South Italian, Apulian
    Terracotta; H. 36 5/8 in. (93 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1911 (11.210.3a,b)

    On the body, above, obverse: male deity adjudicating between Persephone and Aphrodite regarding Adonis
    On the body, reverse: seated youth and woman with three women
    Below, all around: youth at a stele (grave marker) between youths and women
    On the shoulder, obverse and reverse: head of a woman
    On the lid: head of a woman

    The Tarentine predilection for disciplined yet exuberant embellishment is manifested here in an imposing vase with deeply serious iconography. In the primary scene, Persephone and Aphrodite, who both laid claim to the beautiful hunter Adonis, await a judgment from the deity seated between them. He may be interpreted as Zeus or Hades, ruler of the Underworld. Differing versions of the verdict allowed the hero to divide his time between the goddesses. In the zone below, a youth is isolated between a grave monument and a laver as figures approach from either side. The themes of the death and rebirth of Adonis are connected with seasonal change, and the abundant vegetation on this loutrophoros could symbolize rebirth, an appropriate theme for a funeral vase.

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  • Loutrophoros (ceremonial vase for water), ca. 340–330 B.C.; red-figure
    Attributed to the Darius Painter (Greek, active ca. 340–330 B.C.)
    Greek, South Italian, Apulian
    Terracotta; H. 36 5/8 in. (93 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1911 (11.210.3a,b)

    On the body, above, obverse: male deity adjudicating between Persephone and Aphrodite regarding Adonis
    On the body, reverse: seated youth and woman with three women
    Below, all around: youth at a stele (grave marker) between youths and women
    On the shoulder, obverse and reverse: head of a woman
    On the lid: head of a woman


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