Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • "Alberti Dvreri pictoris et architecti praestantissimi De vrbibvs...," 1535
    Author: Albrecht Dürer (German, 1471–1528)
    Paris: Officina Christiani Wecheli, 1535
    Illustrated book; 78 pp.; H: 13 3/4 in. (35 cm)
    Rogers Fund (125.97 D932)

    In 1525, Dürer published Underweysung der Messung, mit dem Zirckel und Richtscheyt in Linien Ebenen und gantzen Corporen [Institutionum Geometricarum …], an introductory manual of geometric theory and its practical application for young artists. His treatise Etliche Underricht, zu Befestigung der Stett, Schlosz und Flecken [De Urbibus, arcibus, castellisque …], on military fortification, was published about 1527. The Museum Library's copy contains the Latin editions of both the military and geometry treatises published in Paris in the mid-1530s. The earlier manual was intended to give artists a strong base in the theory and application of geometry. In it, Dürer discusses the generation of ellipses, the geometry of three-dimensional bodies, and the practical application of geometry in architecture. The last section of Underweysung der Messung is the first scientific treatment of perspective by a Northern European artist, and its very placement in his treatise on geometry emphasizes the importance of perspective as a branch of mathematics, not merely as a technique of painters and architects. The practical application of geometric theory reappears in Dürer's work on fortification, the first book in German on the subject. He relied heavily on Italian literature, but the Etliche Underricht was the first printed book in any language to bring together elements of the art of fortification from various sources and to present them as a system. Although it has been previously rebacked, the Library's copy is bound in a contemporary blind-tooled calfskin.

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  • "Alberti Dvreri pictoris et architecti praestantissimi De vrbibvs...," 1535
    Author: Albrecht Dürer (German, 1471–1528)
    Paris: Officina Christiani Wecheli, 1535
    Illustrated book; 78 pp.; H: 13 3/4 in. (35 cm)
    Rogers Fund (125.97 D932)

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