Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Trafalgar chintz, 1806
    Attributed to John Bury
    Lancashire, England
    Cotton; 82 x 37 1/2 in. (208.3 x 95.3 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1916 (16.28)

    This design commemorates the career of English naval hero Vice Admiral Horatio Lord Nelson (1758–1805) with scenes representing his foreign victories and inscriptions, including his famous words, "England expects every man to do his duty," spoken at the Battle of Trafalgar. This is one of two different printed cotton designs in the Museum's collection created after the death of Lord Nelson at Trafalgar (near Cádiz, Spain); the other example shows the death of Nelson and scenes from the funeral. In addition, other items honoring Nelson are represented in the collection, including commemorative medals and Wedgwood cameos. The layout of the design, with various motifs scattered across the surface in a seemingly random manner, is suggestive of copperplate printed narrative cottons, an eighteenth-century style that continued into the nineteenth century. However, this large-scale design was block printed, with the details in blue added by "penciling," that is, painting by hand.

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  • Trafalgar chintz, 1806
    Attributed to John Bury
    Lancashire, England
    Cotton; 82 x 37 1/2 in. (208.3 x 95.3 cm)
    Rogers Fund, 1916 (16.28)

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