Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883–84
    John Singer Sargent (American, 1856–1925)
    Graphite on off–white wove paper; 9 11/16 x 13 3/16 in. (24.6 x 33.5 cm)
    Purchase, Charles and Anita Blatt Gift, John Wilmerding Gift, and Rogers Fund, 1970 (1970.47)

    In autumn 1882, Sargent apparently met Virginie Avegno Gautreau (1859–1915), the Louisana-born wife of a prominent Paris banker. He was attracted by her eccentric beauty and asked to paint her portrait. Sittings began in winter 1882–83 and continued through the following summer at the Gautreau vacation home in Brittany. Sargent struggled to find the best pose for his sitter, making more studies than he usually did for a portrait. In this drawing, he rendered her seated on an ornate sofa—a pose he may have considered for the oil portrait or perhaps simply recorded between sittings.

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  • Madame X (Madame Pierre Gautreau), 1883–84
    John Singer Sargent (American, 1856–1925)
    Graphite on off-white wove paper; 9 11/16 x 13 3/16 in. (24.6 x 33.5 cm)
    Purchase, Charles and Anita Blatt Gift, John Wilmerding Gift, and Rogers Fund, 1970 (1970.47)

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