Annibale Carracci (Italian, Bolognese, 15601609)
Oil on canvas; 46 3/8 x 55 5/8 in. (117.8 x 141.3 cm)
Purchase, Bequest of Miss Adelaide Milton de Groot (18761967), by exchange, and Dr. and Mrs. Manuel Porter and sons Gift, in honor of Mrs. Sarah Porter, 1971 (1971.155)
Together with Caravaggio, Annibale Carracci was the most influential painter of the seventeenth century and a key figure in the development of classicism. This picturea pivotal workwas painted for Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini shortly after Annibale's arrival in Rome in 1595; it remained in the Aldobrandini collection until 1800. In it, Annibale has brought together two currents of Italian painting: a northern Italian sensitivity to the effects of a natural-seeming light and color, and the careful spatial organization and idealized figure types associated with the High Renaissance. Raphael's Disputà in the Vatican inspired the hemispherical composition, while the figure of God the Father was based on a Roman sculpture.