Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Folio from a Qur'an manuscript in mayil ("leaning") script, late 8th–early 9th century
    Central Islamic Lands
    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment

    H. 11 1/8 in. (28.3 cm), W. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm)
    Gift of Adrienne Minassian, in memory of Dr. Richard Ettinghausen, 1979 (1979.201)

    This eighth- or ninth-century Qur'an was written in the mayil ("leaning") script, a transitional style that predated the development of kufic and is characterized by a rightward slant and by the shape of the vowel ya' in the terminal position, which turns backward to underline the letters that precede it. Like other early Qur'an manuscripts, the writing here omits consonant points (i'jam), making it difficult for the reader to distinguish between letters with similar forms. Red dots indicate short vowels, and a series of short diagonal black strokes act as verse markers.

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    Folio from a Qur'an manuscript in mayil ("leaning") script, late 8th–early 9th century
    Central Islamic Lands
    Ink, opaque watercolor, and gold on parchment

    H. 11 1/8 in. (28.3 cm), W. 9 1/2 in. (24.1 cm)
    Gift of Adrienne Minassian, in memory of Dr. Richard Ettinghausen, 1979 (1979.201)


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