Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History



  • Ritual Vessel (Paccha), 15th–early 16th century
    Peru; Inka
    Ceramic; H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm)
    The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979 (1979.206.1149)

    During Inka times, the production and distribution of ceramics was controlled by the state. Those made and used in Cuzco, the capital of the Inka empire, and its vicinity are known as Cuzco Inka style. Characterized by superb craftsmanship, these ceramics show a limited range of distinctive forms and designs but some unique and exceptionally appealing and creative shapes; the present example falls into that category. The shallow, slightly incurved bowl sits on three short supports; it has a smaller bowl inside. Two long-necked animals, a llama and a bird, are attached on one side and connected to the inner and outer bowls respectively; they serve as pouring spouts. The slender, spotted body of a third animal, probably a feline, is draped over part of the top of the larger bowl, its paws gripping the rim. The vessel is slip-painted in black and red over buff; around the outer wall is a segmented band depicting insects.

    The vessel probably served as a paccha, or ceremonial vessel used for pouring libations such as chicha (maize beer) on the earth to ensure fertility and growth of plentiful crops. The animals depicted may refer to the diverse environmental regions of the Inka empire: the long-necked seabird may symbolize the ocean in the west, the llama the high Andes mountains in the center, and the feline the rainforest in the east.

    This work of art also appears on Connections: Thank You

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  • Ritual Vessel (Paccha), 15th–early 16th century
    Peru; Inka
    Ceramic; H. 3 3/4 in. (9.5 cm)
    The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979 (1979.206.1149)

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